Forms of Cultural Diffusion Spread of Rugby Combining Cultures Page 32-33 / Cornell Notes EHS 7300 miles Spatial spread of learned ideas, innovations, and attitudes. Each cultural element originates in one or more places and then spreads. Some spread widely, others remain confined to an area of origin. Absorbing barriers completely halt diffusion. Can be political, economic, cultural, technological More commonly barriers are permeable, allowing part of the innovation wave to diffuse, but acting to weaken and retard the continued spread. Culture/Ideas spread throughout a population from area to area. Subtypes: 1. Hierarchical diffusion: ideas leapfrog from one node to another temporarily bypassing some 2. Contagious diffusion: wavelike, like disease 3. Stimulus diffusion: specific trait rejected, but idea accepted 1. Relocation diffusion occurs when individuals migrate to a new location carrying new ideas or practices with them Football (rugby league) Football (soccer) Football (rugby) Football (rugby union) Football (American Football) Football (Australian Rules Football) Haka is the generic name for all Maori dance and is an expression of the passion, vigor and identity of the race. Two styles of the Haka: Peruperu is the style for true war dance involving weapons. Taparahi is not a war dance as weapons are not involved. 1884 - A New Zealand team in New South Wales used a Maori war cry to introduce itself to its opponents before each of its matches. A Sydney newspaper reported: "The sound given in good time and union by 18 pairs of powerful lungs was sometimes tremendous. The NSW men declared it was hardly fair of the visitors to frighten them out of their wits before the game began." Ka mate! Ka mate! Ka ora! Ka ora! Ka mate! Ka mate! Ka ora! Ka ora! Tenei te tangata puhuru huru Nana nei i tiki mai Whakawhiti te ra A upa … ne! ka upa … ne! A upane kaupane whiti te ra! Hi! I die! I die! I live! I live! I die! I die! I live! I live! This is the hairy man Who fetched the Sun And caused it to shine again One upward step! Another upward step! An upward step, another … the Sun shines! History of the Haka France / All Blacks Tonga / All Blacks Eaglecrest High school Who sponsors the All Blacks? So What and Why? Why does EHS have a Haka? What role does “Space Time Compression” have on and diffusion? Cultural diffusion is the spatial spread of learned ideas, innovations, and attitudes. Barriers to diffusion can include absorbing barriers which completely halt diffusion or more commonly barriers are permeable. Diffusion takes many forms: Expansion 1. 2. 3. 1. Hierarchical diffusion Contagious diffusion Stimulus diffusion Relocation diffusion Nothing Sharing of ideas Combining of ideas Diffusion Conflict Diffusion - Two related concepts 1. The two-way blending of cultures that results from increased interaction is called cultural convergence 2. The fusion of two distinctive cultural traits into a unique new hybrid trait is called syncretism A new cultural trait created by the fusion of two distinct cultural element. Acculturation-Modification or change when one cultural group adopts traits of a dominate culture. Speak English at school, Spanish at home. Assimilation – minority culture completely adopts the culture of the host society.