Nmap

Report
Nmap Experiment
Outline
• Introduction
• NMAP
- NMAP advantages
- NMAP capability of support
• NMAP Install
- Install of under Windows
- Install of under Linux
• NMAP Experiment
- Use NMAP
- Parameter:-sT
- Parameter:-sS
• Conclusions
2
Introduction
• A Port Scanner software on unix
• By NMAP scan
- Quickly know remote host executive services
- Guess remote host’s Operation System & Version
- Subnet scanning =>To detect the subnet on which hosts
and each of detection of its services
3
Nmap pros & function
• Nmap advantages
- Support scanning of variety protocols
- Support most of existing system
- Operate interface simply
- Simple instructions , powerful functions
- Free software
• Nmap function
- TCP SYN scanning
- TCP ftp proxy scanning
- ICMP scanning
- TCP ping scanning
4
TCP Flag Definition
Flag
SYN
ACK
The beginning of a connection
FIN
Acknowledge receipt of a previous packet
or transmission
Close a TCP connection
RST
Abort a TCP connection
5
Three-way handshake
Connect
Client
Disconnect
Server
Client
Server
SYN
FIN
SYN/ACK
ACK/FIN
ACK
ACK
Connection Established
Connection Closed
6
Nmap Install
Windows
• http://insecure.org
8
Linux
• Fedora : (Root Permission) yum install Nmap
or wget http://~~/nmap-5.00-1.i386.rpm
• Ubuntu : sudo apt-get install Nmap
9
Scanning for TCP Ports
• Instruction : nmap –sT Target host
10
SYN Scan
Instruction : nmap –sS Target host
Nmap sends to
Host Port
Nmap receives from
Host Port
Nmap Assumes
SYN
SYN/ACK
Port is open
Host is up
SYN
RST
Port is closed
Host is up
SYN
Nothing
Port is blocked by firewall
Or Host is down
11
Scanning Host Port
• Instruction : namp –p [1-1024] Target host
12
OS detection
• Instruction : nmap –O Target host
13
Conclusions
• Nmap is a useful and free security detective tool
• Through Nmap provide detailed information that
can understand host deeply and also avoid unexpected
security vulnerabilities
• Other scanning tools
- Netscantools
- Superscan
- IPEYE
- WUPS
14

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