Latin Derivatives I

Report
Latin Derivatives I
Reading 7 / Ms. Kelly
Verba Ad Origine:
Vocabulary from its origin
Latin Derivatives I
1.
Am, amat
11.
Frater
2.
Ann, enn
12.
Greg
3.
Aqu
13.
Litera
4.
Aud, audit
14.
Loc
5.
Capit
15.
Loqu, locut
6.
Cent
16.
Mal
7.
Cred, credit
17.
Mor, mort
8.
Dic, dict
18.
Nov
9.
Duc, duct
19.
Omni
10.
Fid
20.
ped
1. am, amat: love
1.
Derivatives: amateur, amative,
amatory, amiable, amity, amorist,
amours
 Since amat means love, an
amative young man is
_______. [hostile / loving]
 An amateur golfer plays for
_______ [love / the fat fees]
of the game.
 Friendly people are ______
[amiable / alienated].
2. ann, enn: year
2.
Derivatives: annals, anniversary,
annual, annuity, biennial,
centennial, millennium, perennial
 The three letters in the words
annals and annual that
suggest year are _____.

Per annum means per
_______ [month / year]
 A man who has lived many
years is said to be _______
[superannuated /
supercilious].
3. aqu: water

Derivatives: aquamarine,
aquarium, aqueduct,
aquiculture, subaqueous
 To make an aqueous solution
you dissolve something in
_____ [alcohol / water].
 Small fish may be kept in an
______ium.
 The sign of the zodiac that
represents a water bearer is
_______ [Aquarius / Taurus].
4. aud, audit: hear

Derivatives: audible, audience,
audit, audition, auditor,
auditorium, auditory

An audiometer is an
instrument which measures
sensitivity of _____ [ hearing
/ sight].

Which word has no business
being in the following list?
audible, audiphone, audiofrequency, adenoids, auditor
5. capit: head

Derivatives: capital, decapitate,
caption, per capita, recapitulate

In Paris, the _____al of
France, King Louis XVI got a
final cure for headaches – he
was de_____.

Newscasters sometimes
re_____ the days news; such a
recapulation literally restates
the news [in full / by
headings]
6. cent: hundred

Derivatives: centenary, centennial,
centigrade, centimeter, centipede,
century
 There are one hundred
degrees between freezing and
boiling points of water on the
_____ [Fahrenheit /
centigrade] thermometer.
 Since tri means three, the
tricentennial of the
Declaration of Independence
should occur in the year
_____ [2076 / 2776]. You are
all invited.
7. cred, credit:
believe, trust

Derivatives: credence, credentials,
credible, creditor, credulity, creed,
discredit
 Your creed, or credo, is what
you _____ [fight for / believe
in].
 To give credence to a rumor is
to _____ [deny / believe] it.
 Sometimes news is so
amazing that you are ______
[cretinous/ incredulous].
8. dic, dict: say

Derivatives: addict, contradict,
dictate, diction, jurisdiction, predict
,predicate, verdict

To say what will happen, or
foretell, is to pre_____.

An order issued by a ruler is
an ____ [edict / audit].

The part of a sentence which
says something about the
subject is the pre_____.
9. duc, duct: lead

Derivatives: abduct, aqueduct,
conduct, deduce, educate, introduce,
produce, reduce



Europe has had many
princely leaders known as
_____ [kings / dukes].
Water is sometimes led into a
city through an aq______.
The ability of a metal to be
led into various shapes is
called ______ [motality /
ductility].
10. fid: faith, trust

Derivatives: confidant, confide,
confidence, fidelity, infidel, perfidious

To confide in a stranger is an act
of _____ [leading / faith].

Infidelity means _______
[unfaithfulness / inability to
provide].

A person who has faith in
himself is said to be con______.

A lad who is shy and lacks faith
in himself is said to be _____
[amative / diffident].
11. frater: brother

Derivatives: fraternal, fraternity,
fraternize.

To mingle with people in a
brotherly way is to ______ize
with them.

Fraternal obligations are
_____ [fatherly / brotherly].
12. greg: flock

Derivatives: congregate, egregious,
gregarious, segregate

Since greg means flock, we can
assume that gregarious
people like ___ [solitude /
society].

Separation from the main
group is se______.
13. litera: letter

Derivatives: alliteration, literacy,
literal, literate, literature
14. loc: place

Derivatives: allocate, dislocate,
locale, location, relocate

A person who can’t read or
write is unlettered or ______
[illegitimate / illiterate].

The locale of a train wreck
refers to the ___ [place /
cause].

Translating letter for letter
results in a ______ al
translation.

In mathematics, the set of
points, or places, which satisfy
a given condition is called
the _____. The plural of locus
is ____ [locusts / loci].
15. loqu, locut: talk

Derivatives: colloquium, eloquent,
loquacious, soliloquy



A loquacious child is _____
[sulky / talkative].
Most people talk informally,
that is, in _____ [literary /
colloquial] English.
Saying a thing in a
roundabout way is known as
____ [circumspections/
circumlocution].
16. mal: bad

Derivatives: maladjusted, malaria,
malevolent, malice, malignant,
malnutrition, malpractice

The truly bad tumors are
_____ [malignant, benign].

Evil wishers are _____
[benevolent / malevolent].

A clumsy child is said to be
_____ [adroit / maladroit].
17. mor, mort: death

Derivatives: immortal, mortality,
mortgage, mortify, postmortum
 A mortician operates the
_____ [funeral home /
circus].
 If you develop gangrene, your
flesh mortifies: this means
that it ___ [decays and dies /
glows with health].
 Many currently popular
books are based upon myths
of ___ [immortal / mortal]
beings who never die.
18. nov: new

Derivatives: innovation, novel,
novelty, novice, renovate

An innovation is a ____ [crazy
/ new] idea.

A nova star is a ___ [faithful
old planet / a brilliant new
exploding star].
19. omni: all

Derivatives: omnibus, omnipotent,
omnipresent, omniscient,
omnivorous
20. ped: foot

Derivatives: biped, centipede,
expedite, expeditions, pedal,
pedestrian, pedometer

An all-powerful being is ___
[omnipotent / immobile].

A pedestrian travels by ____
[foot / car].

When we are young, we
believe that our parents are
omniscient, or ___
[superheroes / all-knowing].
This changes as we get older.

A pedometer measures the
distance ___ [biked / walked].

An impediment is literally
somethin tat obstructs or hiders
the ___ [feet / meals].
Pre-Quiz A
write the meaning of each boldface Latin root
1. Annual
6.
Benediction
2.
Inaudible
7. Century
3.
Enamored
8.
Affidavit
4.
Recapitulate
9.
Deduction
5. Aquiculture
10.Credential
Pre-Quiz B
write the meaning of each boldface Latin root
1.
Eloquent
2. Fraternal
6. Mortuary
7. Omnipresent
3.
Congregation
8.
Quadruped
4.
Aliteration
9.
Innovation
5.
Dislocate
10.Malicious

similar documents