In what layer of the atmosphere does weather

Report
What is the composition
of the air that we
breathe?
ES 2a
ES 2a
S
What are the gas molecules in
our air?
What are the gas molecules in
our air?
Molecule in
Air
# of molecules Percent of
molecules
What gas is the main
component of our
atmosphere?
S
What is the correct order
of the layers of our
atmosphere?
ES 2a
S
In what layer of the
atmosphere does weather
develop?
ES 2a
S
s
Birds
Tornados
Humans
Airplanes
Thunderstorms
Mountains
Hurricanes
In which layer of the
atmosphere do you live?
S
In which layer of the
Atmosphere do storms
occur?
S
What layer of the
atmosphere does ozone
filter out UV light from
the sun?
ES 2a
S
Ozone?! What’s that?
p. 441 Chimpanzee Book
p. 53 Small Text book
Ozone?! What’s that?
p. 441 Chimpanzee Book
p. 53 Small Text book
How does it affect me?
Where is it?
Is it helpful?
Why is it important?
Where is “Good Ozone”
and Why is it “Good”?
S
How does temperature
change as you increase in
altitude?
S
What does space “feel” like?
What does space “feel” like?
How does Pressure affect
Temperature?
How does Pressure affect
Temperature?
Before
After
How would YOU measure How
Temperature changes with
Altitude?
Balloon
Thermometer
Altimeter
How would YOU measure How
Temperature changes with
Altitude?
How does Temperature
change as you travel
upwards and Why?
S
What is the difference
between climate and
weather?
ES 2a
S
Weather vs. Climate
Humidity
Flash flood
Snow
Tornado
Atmospheric
pressure
Hurricane season
Warm summers
Average precipitation
Rainy season
Periodic drought
Average Temperature
Cloudiness
Hurricane
Freezing rain
High winds
Thunderstorm
Weather vs. Climate
Examples of Weather
Examples of Climate
temperature, humidity, precipitation, cloudiness, brightness,
visibility, wind, and atmospheric pressure, as in high and low
pressure, sunshine, rain, cloud cover, winds, hail, snow, sleet,
freezing rain, flooding, blizzards, ice storms, thunderstorms,
steady rains from a cold front or warm front, excessive heat,
heat waves, fog, flash floods, hurricanes, tornados, high
winds
Warm Summer
Hurricane season
Average precipitation
Arid summers
Periodic drought
Weather vs. Climate
Define
S Weather –
Daily conditions (precipitation, temperature, pressure, etc…)
S Climate –
The average weather conditions over 30+ years.
Describe the difference
between climate and
weather, and provide an
example of each.
S
What are the different
types of weather
patterns found on earth?
ES 2a
S
Wind Patterns
S What is Wind?
S What causes wind?
What is the difference between
Sea Breeze & Land Breeze?
What is the difference between
Sea Breeze & Land Breeze?
What is the difference between
Sea Breeze & Land Breeze?
What is the difference between
Sea Breeze & Land Breeze?
Global Wind Patterns
Global Wind Patterns
Describe one of Earth’s
weather patterns.
S
If you were standing just
North of the equator,
what direction would the
winds be blowing?
ES 2a
S
How does a hurricane
form?
ES 2a
S
Hurricanes
Watch the short video…
www.metoffice.gov.uk
S What’s the difference between a hurricane, cyclone, typhoon?
S How hot does the water need to be in order for a hurricane to start?
S What are the two main ingredients to make a hurricane?
S Relative to the equator, where do they always start?
S What else does a hurricane need to form?
S What does the inside of the storm look like?
S How are hurricanes related to tropical storms and depressions?
S What is a storm surge? And why is it so dangerous?
What weather
conditions form the
perfect hurricane?
S
What patterns can you identify?
How does the
Greenhouse Effect affect
“Global warming”?
S
Greenhouse Effect
S Visit http://epa.gov/climatestudents/basics/
Draw a diagram that
demonstrates your
knowledge of how
greenhouse gases affect
Earth.
S
How do Greenhouse
gasses relate to Climate
change?
S
Take the Climate Change
Expedition
1. Go to the link on our class website
entitled Global Climate Change
2. Select “Learn the Basics”
S For each of your 8 stops, record
“What you have Learned” and your
Passport Stamp Code.
S Agriculture
3. Take the Climate Change Expedition
S Arctic Sea Ice
S Disease
S Droughts
S Ocean Temperature and Acidity
S Sea Level
S Snowpack
S Tropical Storms
Show your completed
questions and Passport
Stamps to Mr. Lee for credit
701244
S
Greenhouse gasses
&
Global Climate Change
S List and Describe some of some causes of “local” climate
change?
S How are greenhouses gases released into the atmosphere?
S What is the “primary effect” of greenhouse gases on the
environment? …”secondary?” …”tertiary?” …
S Name some of the fossil fuels that we burn to create our
energy.
Greenhouse gasses
&
Global Climate Change
S Name the more common greenhouse gasses in order of
most abundant to least abundant.
S List some of the ways that methane is formed?
S How do we know that climate change has occurred in the
past? And how can we predict its effects in the future?
S Describe how has the concentration of carbon dioxide on
Earth has changed over time?
Sketch 2 globes and insert
the Tropical, Temperate,
and Polar regions to
demonstrate your
knowledge of
“Global Climate Change”
S
Exploring AQI
(Air Quality Index)
S Check out Dublin’s Air Quality rating for today on EPA’s
AirNow! website
S Which cities have the poorest air quality? …Why?!?
S Study Table 2 and Table 1 in chapter 36.2 from your
Sustainability textbook
S Prepare your petri dishes to collect “Particulates” over the
weekend. (Bring them back Monday to view under the
microscope) Particulate link
What are the main
causes of poor air
quality?
S
Smog City 2
S Play the simulation: SmogCity2.swf (in Safari)
S Answer the questions on your student handout
S Discussion: What interesting patterns did you learn?
What is the difference
between “primary” and
“secondary” pollutants?
S
Brainstorm: name as many air
pollutants as you can think of.
Brainstorm: name as many air
pollutants as you can think of.
S Carbon monoxide
S Ozone
S Methane
S Sulfuric acid rain
S Particulates
S Nitrogen oxides
S Sulfur oxides
S Nitrogen oxides
S VOC and Aerosols
Brainstorm: name as many air
pollutants as you can think of.
“Primary” pollutants
“Secondary” pollutants
S Carbon monoxide
S Ozone
S Methane
S Sulfuric acid rain
S Particulates
S Nitrogen oxides
S Sulfur oxides
S Nitrogen oxides
S VOC and Aerosols
Check out the 4 short videos on
Habitable Planet.org
Habitable Planet http://www.learner.org/courses/envsci/unit/unit_vis.php?unit=11
S Boundary Layer in Mexico City
S Killer London Fog
S Ozone: Good or Bad?
S Ozone… NO2… Ozone… NO2… Ozone!
Carbon monoxide
http://oceanworld.tamu.edu/resources/environment-book/atmosphericpollutants.html
SO2 (Sulfur oxides)
What are the
worst polluted
sites in England?
http://pollutantdeposition.defra.gov.uk/node/239
Acid Rain!!
What do you think is the “Point Source” of SO2 pollution?
http://ohiocitizen.org/this-epa-puts-ohio-on-notice-to-reduce-sulfur-dioxide/
With electricity, comes Sulfur Dioxide. Which states are the biggest culprits for SO2?
http://myweb.rollins.edu/jsiry/USSatMap.html
What is happening to the SO2 pollution over time?
http://www.wncvitalityindex.org/air/nitrogen-oxides-and-sulfur-dioxide-emissions
http://www.wncvitalityindex.org/air/nitrogen-oxides-and-sulfur-dioxide-emissions
NO2 (Nitrogen oxides)
Source: Courtesy Jim Gleason, USA and Pepijn Veefkind, KNMI, National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Aerosols
Describe the difference
between “primary” and
“secondary” pollutants
and provide and
example of each.
S
Why is the Clean Air
Act important to you?
PI 2a
S
Visit the EPA
S Brainstorm 10 specific reasons why you should be
concerned about your AQI
Hint: See Activity 36.2 (you may also search on the web)
Brainstorm: What are some of
the benefits from the
Clean Air Act?
Describe 3 ways you are
benefiting from the
Clean Air Act
S

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