IFDC_moz_11

Report
Agenda
 Introduction IFDC
 Projects & Achievements
FY11
 2011 – 2012 program
 Lessons learned
www.ifdc.org
Introduction to IFDC
Name
An International Fertilizer
Development Centre .
Legal Status in Mozambique .
Since 2002 in Mozambique.
Official status as Public
Organization working with GOM
& IAMM.
As per 01.01.12 offices at IAMM
buildings in Maputo.
www.ifdc.org
IFDCs Vision
• IFDC works with more than fertilizer.
• Vision is to build a world free of
hunger.
Long-term focus:
Improving agricultural productivity in
Developing countries and enhance the
profitability of farming, reduce poverty,
increase the efficiency of commercial
markets, restore soil fertility, and promote a
healthy environment.
www.ifdc.org
IFDC’s Mission Statement
To increase sustainable agricultural
productivity through the development
and transfer of effective and
environmentally sound plant nutrient
technology and agricultural marketing
expertise
www.ifdc.org
Average fertilizer use (kg/ha)
www.ifdc.org
IFDC works together in
Mozambique and SSA
AFAP
AGRA
Agro Dealers
Agrifuturo
BancoTerra
BOM
CAL – Nampula
CDM / SABMiller
DECA - Manica
CLUSA
DGIS
IPI
www.ifdc.org
FAO
IAMM / MINAG
IPNI
ICRISAT
Mozambique Fertilizer company
NEPAD
OCDI / VOCA
OLAM
SUNSMILE
USAID
V&M
WFP
Projects & Achievements.
IFDC in Mozambique 2011
Projects
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
AIMS (Agricultural Input Marketing Strengthening in Mozambique)
AMITSA (Regional Agricultural inputs Marketing Information System)
BASIS ( Voucher measurement program)
MADD (Mozambique Agro-Dealer Development)
MIM (Maize Intensification in Mozambique (2008 – ongoing)
CASSAVA+ (Cassava production with SABMiller / Cerveja de
Mozambique)
www.ifdc.org
1. AIMS
Objective:
Activity 1. Transfer of soil fertility management technologies
Activity 2. Strengthening input supply chain and development
of agro dealers in rural areas
Activity 3. Input sector policy reforms and regulations
Activity 4. Strengthening MIS (Market Information Systems)
Activity 5. Strengthening agro dealers trade associations
Activity 6. Fertilizer and seed voucher system for poor farmers
Geographical area: Beira + Nacala Corridors
Donor: USAID
www.ifdc.org
AIMS Achievements to date
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Demonstrations on NPK / Urea: 80
Field days: 40 to 2400 farmer. (38% F)
Technical handouts on fertilizer use: 5,000
Farmers benefited from technical know how: 14,000
Promotion of Integrated Soil Fertility Management: BC 1573 / NC
2500 Ha
Agro Dealers trained: BC 59 / NC 71 + Study tours for 24 ADs
Policy on fertilizer for GoM: 1 draft completed and tabled with
GoM.
Strategic workshop with Agr. Input Suppliers. BC 2 / NC 2
Legalization Agro Dealers: BC and NC: Total 8
Seed and voucher systems: Assisted 24,960 farmers in BC/NC
•Legend: BC = Beira corridor/ NC = Nacala corridor
www.ifdc.org
2. AMITSA
Objective
Improving access to market
and agricultural technical
inputs information in East
Africa (Burundi, Kenya, Malawi,
Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda,
Zambia)
Donors: COMESA / EAC (East African Community)
www.ifdc.org
AMISTSA
OBJECTIVES
• Improve access to timely data and information on
agricultural input markets for farmers, traders,
manufacturers, etc.
• Establish business linkages among agricultural input
importers from different countries and regions and
international input manufacturers and traders.
• Reduce input procurement costs.
• Increase the use of inputs; thereby increasing agricultural
productivity.
• Improve food security and accelerate economic growth.
www.ifdc.org
Achievements
1. Regional input prices available on fertilizers,
seeds and agro chemicals.
2. See: www.amitsa.org
www.ifdc.org
Some tables on
retail prices and
trends fertilizer
inputs. FY11
www.ifdc.org
FERTILIZER CATEGORY
FERTILIZER PRODUCT
PESTICIDE CATEGORY
PESTICIDE TYPE
Complex fertilizers [NPK]
Complex fertilizers [NPK]
Complex fertilizers [NPK]
NPK 12 24 12
NPK 23 21 0 + 4S
NPK 25 5 10
Fungicide
Herbicide
Herbicide
Nitrogen fertilizer [N]
Nitrogen fertilizer [N]
Nitrogen fertilizer [N]
Phosphate fertilizers [P]
Phosphate fertilizers [P]
Potash fertilizers [K]
Ammonium Nitrate
CAN 28 0 0
UREA 46 0 0
DAP 38 Zn
SSP
MAP 39
Herbicide
Herbicide
Insecticide
Insecticide
Insecticide
Insecticide
Insecticide
Insecticide
Insecticide
Sulfur (80%)
Acetochlor
Atrazine (50 %)
Glyphosate (360 g/l or 480 g/l
IPA)
Paraquat (200 g/l)
Aluminium Phosphide (57%)
Chlorpyrifos-ethyl (480 g/l)
Cypermethrin (200 g/l)
Dimethoate (400 g/l)
Lambdacyalothrin (50 g/l)
Metamidofos (585 g/l)
Volapromid
SEED TYPE
SEED PRODUCT
(VARIETY)
Bean
Volta
Bean
Catarina
Bean
Magnum
Cowpea
IT 16
Cowpea
IT 18
Maize - hybrid
PAN 67
Maize - OPV
Matuba
Maize - OPV
Mocuba
Maize - OPV
Sasuma
Maize - OPV
Tsanguma
Rice
C463
Rice
Chupa
Rice
IITA 312
Rice
Limpopo
Rice
Melanina
www.ifdc.org
Agr. Inputs
measured
available in
Mozambique.
IFDC 2011
3. BASIS
Objective
•Impact of fertilizer subsidy on economic and social indicators
•Demand of fertilizer react to different prices?
•Adoption of new agricultural technologies more sustainable?
Options explored:
•The use of a “smart subsidy” with a multiple year subsidy decreasing over
time,
•The combination of subsidies with access to savings accounts with
trainings that encourage farmers to save enough money from harvest to
purchase fertilizer in the next planting season. (Partner: BOM with AGRA
hedge funding)
Donor: USAID through University of Michigan & AGRA with BOM.
www.ifdc.org
Preliminary achievements on…
The FAO voucher program offering agro-input
subsidies to progressive farmers
The savings program, which includes basic
financial training, opening of savings accounts and
financial incentives to open and use savings
accounts
Achievements are based on total 1;593 HHs : 351 households from Barue,
211 from Sussundenga and 1031 from the Manica district.
www.ifdc.org
Table 1: Uses of voucher among participants who received a voucher
Different uses of the Voucher
Maize
Other agricultural production
57 (14%)
Not used yet
21 (5%)
Given away
0
Sold
3 (1%)
Other
4 (1%)
Total
www.ifdc.org
320 (32%)
405
Table 2: Voucher lottery results and consequent use on maize
Won the Voucher Lottery
no
yes
no
730
547
Total
1277
yes
67
253
320
Total
794
800
1597
Used Voucher
on Maize
www.ifdc.org
Some lessons learned
•A significant number of households did not use any
fertilizer during this campaign, that number reduces
when we consider only those who won the voucher
lottery and even more when we focus on those who
received their voucher.
However, there were still 52% among the individuals
who got the voucher that didn’t used any fertilizer in
maize production and 70% that used less that the 100kg
subsidized through the voucher.
www.ifdc.org
Other lessons learned
• Late start voucher program due to organizational
problems;
• Thus farmers used own money to plant and had
no reserve to pay balance voucher
• Rains failed at critical period
• limited know how of beneficiaries on use of
inputs on-farm
• Fertilizer for maize was used for other crops
(vegetables and tobacco)
• Not measured: Yields and Gross Margins.
www.ifdc.org
4. MADD
Goals + Objective
Goal:
Intensification of agriculture (Manica and Tete Provinces).
How?
Increased use of agri-inputs, adoption of best-bet crop
production technologies, and enhanced business transactions of
agricultural commodities in rural markets.
Where?
Manica and Tete provinces.
Donor: AGRA
www.ifdc.org
Objectives
•
Increased availability of agri-inputs
(incl. Seeds) in the province through
expanded and strengthened agri-input
marketing chain from production /
import to retail levels.
•
Reduction in agri-input transaction
costs and increased quality assurance.
•
Increased adoption of right input use
technology packages in selected
agricultural areas resulting in higher
yields and farm incomes.
www.ifdc.org
RESULTS MADD. May 2009 – October 2011 - Manica & Tete
INDICATOR
LOA TARGET
% ACHIEVED
[May 09-Oct LOA ACTUAL AGAINST
2011]
TARGET
No. ADs trained in Business Management
343
384
112
No. ADs trained in Technical knowledge
No of demo plots established
No. companies participating in demand creation
activities
250
250
309
225
124
90
34
19
56
No. sessions of demand creation activities – Field
days, seed fairs, exhibitions, etc.
180
225
125
No. Farmers adopting recommended technologies
under demand creation activities
150,000
177,629
Number of agro-dealers trained in business plans.
No. of ADs accessing Loans/Credit facilities
145
90
140
58
-
178
3,883
3,437
5,596
7,500
300
5,200
13,824
300
25
11
No. Of ADs accessing Loans/Credit facilities through
the District Trade Association under the GF
Volume of seed sold through project agro dealers
(MT)
Volume of fertilizer sold through projectagrodealers
(MT)
Number in attendance at field days.
Number of soil samples analyzed per year.
Number of Agro dealers contributing to MIS data
collection
Number of District Agro dealers Trade Association
created
Number of Province Agro Dealers Trade Association
created
REMARKS
This increase include the lead farmers from villages
surrounding the demo plot
This is in progress
The local companies doesn't exist in the project
area
Agro dealers themselves was motivated on sales
and they organize some events alone without the
project support
118 The demos inspire the farmers
97
64 This is in progress
This include the Agro dealers start-up and retailers
accessing credits facilities through the District
- Trade Association
In some areas mainly affected by starvation
phenomenon the adoption of the new technology
89 are critical
93
184
100
The mobile phone introduced by AMITSA reduced
44 the number of Agro dealers expected to contribute
on the data collection
13
13
100 This is completed
2
2
100 The legalization process is in progress
5. MIM
Goal
To demonstrate how farmers can intensify maize production where maize is
produced under rain fed conditions.
Objectives
Increase maize yield, production, and nutritional properties trough
improved management and increased use of fertilizer, quality seed and
CCPs (crop production products);
Increase incomes of smallholders and improve livelihoods by improved
diets and purchasing power in rural areas trough increased access to
input and product markets.
Donors:
www.ifdc.org
Details on implementation
• Areas: Beira corridor:
Sofala, Manica and
Tete.
• Districts: 9
• Farmers Associations:
15
• Farmers: 253 (Female:
35%)
www.ifdc.org
Activities MIM 2011
1. Land preparation methods.
2. Planting times.
3. Methods of planting and planting
density.
4. Fertilizer applications and different
types of fertilizer. Not just NPK &
UREA, but also Zn, S, Mn.
5. Weed control in Maize.
6. Evaluation of vegetative
development of maize.
www.ifdc.org
Treatments
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
www.ifdc.org
Farmer saved seed without fertilizer application;
Farmer saved seed with 50 Kg/ha of NPKS (12:24:12:6) as
basal fertilizer and 50 Kg/ha of Urea (46%N) as top-dressing
fertilizer;
Farmer saved seed with 100 Kg/ha of NPKS (12:24:12:6) as
basal fertilizer and 100 Kg/ha of Urea (46%N) as top-dressing
fertilizer;
Hybrid (PAN 67) without fertilizer application;
Hybrid (PAN 67) with 50 Kg/ha of NPKS (12:24:12:6) as basal
fertilizer and 50 Kg/ha of Urea (46%N) as top-dressing
fertilizer;
Hybrid (PAN 67) with 100 Kg/ha of NPKS (12:24:12:6) as
basal fertilizer and 100 Kg/ha of Urea (46%N) as top-dressing
fertilizer.
Results
• Hybrid PAN 76 applying 100 Kg/ha of NPKS (12-24-12-6) and 100 Kg/ha
of Urea (46% N);
• Gross margins under the AIMS (USAID funded) program G/M found in
Nacala were.
Beira corridor yield and Gross Margins AIMS FY11
T1 – Maize Matuba without fertilizers (0.0 kg N/ha + 0.0 kg P/ha)
T2 – Maize Matuba + fertilizers rate (100 kg NPK/ha + 100 kg urea/ha)
T3 – Maize PAN 67 without fertilizers (0.0 kg N/ha + 0.0 kg P/ha)
T4 – Maize PAN 67 + fertilizers rate (100 kg NPK/ha + 100 kg urea/ha)
Yields
Kg/Ha
Gross
Margins
MZM
1,315
-342.5
2,401
2430.5
1,605
502.5
3,155
5827.5
Yields
Kg/Ha
Nacala corridor yield and Gross Margins AIMS FY11
T1 – Maize without fertilizers (0.0 kg N/ha + 0.0 kg P/ha)
T2 – Maize + half of recommended fertilizers rate (50 kg NPK/ha + 50 kg urea/ha)
T3 – Maize PAN 67 + fertilizers rate (100 kg NPK/ha + 100 kg urea/ha)
T4 – Cowpeas/Peanuts/Soybeans + 9 kg P/ha
Gross
Margins
MZM
1,1165
-625
2,1895
2220
3,0225
3945
0,9295
-952.5
6. CASSAVA+
• Objective
•Production of starch for flour and beer replacement and
• Production of healthy virus free cassava in Nacala corridor
•Success based on implementation in Nigeria.
Donor: Private and possible Foreign Government donor
funds/Dutch
Partners: DADTCO, CAL, IFDC, SABMiller/CDM
www.ifdc.org
AMPU in Ribaue: DADTCO, IFDC, CAL
November: 2012.
Production: 5 Mt/Hr to make from roots “cake” for CDM /
SABMiller.
www.ifdc.org
Role of IFDC in Cassava+
•
Technical assistance to plant virus free varieties
released by IAMM in Nampula
•
Baseline study of place of cassava in household
economy
•
Assistance to CAL (Corridor Agriculture) to train
+ produce rapidly improved cassava vegetative
planting material
•
Training in three locations 1,500 farmers in
improved ISFM (Cassava / Pigeon Pease / Cow
Peas. )
•
Link agro dealers with framers to use inputs to
increase production of cassava p/Ha.
www.ifdc.org
Nursery for 750,000
plants for rapid
multiplication of
improved cassava
Var’s from
IAMM/Nampula
7. Conclusions and Discussion
Opportunities for the Fertilizer
industry and Seed in a changing
agricultural landscape in Africa
www.ifdc.org
Elements of success by IFDC in
Mozambique
• Private sector driven
• Collaborate with Research (Platform/IAMM/PPP)
• Markets for outputs exist and develop more
• Entrepreneurship of all actors + Farmers organized
• Best agricultural practices available
• Focus on inputs accessibility and dealer networks
• Access to finance (BOM)
• Market information available and most
important…
• Focus on Private sector through PPP
www.ifdc.org
Plans for 2012
1.
2.
3.
4.
AIMS
AMITSA
BASIS
MADD.
5.
6.
MIM
CASSAVA+
7.
2 SCALE:
8.
SEED:
9.
Pigeon Pea
www.ifdc.org
–
-
Ending September 2012.
Ongoing
2nd survey: July – Aug – Sept 2012
MADD I ending April 2012. New
proposal for MADD II for 4 x districts
in Sofala and 3 districts in Zambezia.
AGRA to confirm funding.
- Ongoing
- Expanding to Beira corridor and
Inhambane – depending on funding
- Optional. Start in Central and North to
assist “chain leaders”.
- Develop project to introduce Hybrid
seeds exposure through agro dealers.
- Collaborate with SNV to produce P Peas in
Tete through IFDC agro dealers network.
Way forwards for Platform
1. Collaborate & strengthen IAMM on capacity building
(strategic, technical and commercial through projects on
fertilizer / seed and other input uses )
2. 3 monthly In-depth meetings on sector subject matter
and cross-over synergies on fertilizer / seed / gross
margins of crops
3. Focus on a commercial approach toward solving Food
Security and Livelihoods issues. i.e. Agro dealers, Credit
on farm demonstration of crops, seed production,
horticulture, small livestock and post harvest.
4. Involve private sector (Producers and suppliers) through
PPP. (Soil labs / OMNIA?)
5. Confirm with private sector to invest in agricultural, NRM
and livestock projects which complement the 4 objectives
of PEDSA CAADP and FtF strategy.
www.ifdc.org
Obrigado
Thank you
www.ifdc.org
Mile Stone Delivery - Solutions for Africa
Drivers
 Commodity Market has to pull the change
 Governments fully committed, favorable policies (See: Malawi)
Commonalities
 There has to be an urge (famine, market etc)
 Technologies have to be available (and often are)
 Infrastructure (roads, warehouses, physical markets)
 Policies need to be conducive
 There has to be money – financial sector support and
reasonable interest rates
www.ifdc.org
Mile Stone Delivery - Solutions for Africa
What works
 Multiple investments are needed simultaneously
 extension improvement
 Private Strengthening strengthening
 input market linkages, dealer development & access to finance
 access to output markets
 A blanket approach will often not work – better to go for 1000’s
of pockets of excellence
 Don’t expect change to happen overnight
www.ifdc.org
Risk factors
 Volatile markets / small local markets
 Policy changes – subsidies – border closures etc.
 Changing product quality requirements
 Climate risks
www.ifdc.org
Table 1: Sample distribution across the different treatments
No savings
offered
Offered match
at regular
savings rate
Offered
savings with
50% match
rate
Total
Receives
agro-input
voucher
267 hhs
283 hhs
245 hhs
795
hhs
Does not
receive agroinput voucher
247 hhs
311 hhs
240 hhs
798
hhs
Total
514 hhs
594 hhs
485 hhs
1593
hhs
www.ifdc.org
Table 1: Voucher lottery results and consequent use on maize
Won the Voucher Lottery
no
yes
no
730
547
Total
1277
yes
67
253
320
Total
794
800
1597
Used Voucher
on Maize
www.ifdc.org
SEED…. Not mentioned yet… but will be
www.ifdc.org

similar documents