Living, Non-living, Dead(Once Living)

Report
Examples of
Living Things
What does your list
above do that makes
them living?
6 Characteristics
of
Living Things
Living
Things
Living,
Dead(Once Living),
Non-living
How can you tell the difference?
Living Things
• Living things have 6 characteristics:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
All living things have cells
All living things have DNA
All living things grow and develop
All living things respond to stimuli
All living things have metabolism
All living things reproduce
Living Things
All Living Things Have Cells
• A cell is the basic unit of life
• A cell controls all the
activities of the organism
– AN ORGANISM IS ANY LIVING
THING
• A living thing can be
multicellular (lots of cells)
• A living thing can be
unicellular (one cell)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
All living things have cells
All living things have DNA
All living things grow and develop
All living things respond to stimuli
All living things have metabolism
All living things reproduce
Living Things
All Living Things Have DNA
• DNA is a special chemical
inside the cell that controls
all the activities.
• DNA stands for
deoxyribonucleic acid.
• It makes you who you are
(genes).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
All living things have cells
All living things have DNA
All living things grow and develop
All living things respond to stimuli
All living things have metabolism
All living things reproduce
Living Things
All Living Things Grow and
Develop
• Grow by getting bigger.
• Develop by changing
– Get permanent teeth
– Voice deepens
– Change from a seed to a tree
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
All living things have cells
All living things have DNA
All living things grow and develop
All living things respond to stimuli
All living things have metabolism
All living things reproduce
Living Things
All living things respond to
stimuli
• Stimuli – something that
happens in the environment
– Sun shining
– Cold
• Response – what you do
– Pupils contract
– Shiver
HOMEOSTASIS is your body
maintaining a stable internal
environment (bear growing a
fur coat to stay warm)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
All living things have cells
All living things have DNA
All living things grow and develop
All living things respond to stimuli
All living things have metabolism
All living things reproduce
Living Things
All living things have
metabolism
• Use energy
–
–
–
–
Move
Respiration
Excrete waste
Need nutrition
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
All living things have cells
All living things have DNA
All living things grow and develop
All living things respond to stimuli
All living things have metabolism
All living things reproduce
Living Things
All living reproduce
• Make new cells
• Have offspring
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
All living things have cells
All living things have DNA
All living things grow and develop
All living things respond to stimuli
All living things have metabolism
All living things reproduce
Once Living Things
(Dead)
Was living at one time but is
no longer alive.
• Pencil (wood from a tree)
• Dinosaur
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
All living things have cells
All living things have DNA
All living things grow and develop
All living things respond to stimuli
All living things have metabolism
All living things reproduce
Non-Living
In order to consider
something non-living it must
not have any of the 6
characteristics that living
organisms have.
rock, dirt, water
or
It was living or dead and has
been processed (chemical
change).
paper, apple juice, oil
Summary
• LIVING
• Has all 6
characteristics
necessary to
living things
Example:
Tree
• NONLIVING
• Does not
have all 6
things
necessary to
living things
Example:
Paper
•DEAD
•Used to have
all 6
characteristics
necessary to
living things,
but doesn't
anymore
Example:
Wood
Matching
•
•
•
•
•
•
_____ 1. dog
_____ 2. dinosaur
_____ 3. leather wallet
_____ 4. chicken bone
_____ 5. metal desk
_____ 6. lemonade
a. Living
b. Non-living
c. Once Living
Living Things are called “organisms.”

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