mary reibey

Alternatives name: Burrow, James (alias)
Haydock, Molly (maiden name)
Raby, Mary (alternative spelling)
Raiby, Mary (alternative spelling)
Birth: 12 May 1777
Location: Bury, Lancashire, England
Died: 30 may 1855
Location: Newtown, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Cultural heritage: English
Occupation: business woman
and convict
Relationship: Reibey, Thomas (7 September 1794 – 5 April 1811)
Arrived Sydney: 1792
Children: 7 , some are boys and some are girls
Mary Reibey, baptized Molly Haydock, was born on 12 May 1777 in Bury,
Lancashire, England as it says on the second slide. Following the death of her
parents, Mary at a very young age and was raised by her reared
grandmother and sent into service. She ran away and was arrested. She
arrived in Sydney, Australia, on the royal admiral in October 1792. Mary
Reibey was a businesswoman with interests in shipping and property. She
meets a young fellow, Thomas Reibey, who she married at the age of 17 on 7
September 1794, a young Irishman in the service of the east India Co., whom
she met in the transport and who had returned to Sydney in the Britannia
that year and a junior officer. Thomas was granted land on the Hawkesbury
River, where he and Mary lived and farmed following their marriage. By
1807, Thomas has bought a schooner for trading with the pacific islands. He
felt ill after all his hard work a voyage to India in 1809; his heath never
actually recovered, who died in 1811, Mary was left with seven children and
control of a large business which included rural properties, bass strait
sealing operations and overseas trading. Through enterprise and hard work
she became one of the most successful businesswomen in the colony. In the
eyes of her age group Mary Reibey gradually rose to respectability and
affluence in the new emancipist society. She was a favorite of Governor
Lachlan Macquari and opened a new warehouse in George Street in 1812 and
in 1817 extended her shipping operations with the purchase of further
vessels. By 1828, when she gradually retired from active involvement in
business, she had acquired wide property holdings in the city. In 1820 she
returned to England with her daughters. Returning to Sydney she began
buying property, starting several building projects in the centre of town.
Mary was quickly able to retire and live on her savings. In 1825, in
recognition of her interest in church, education and charity, Mary was
appointed one of the governors of the Free Grammar School. She settled in
Newtown in her later years, where she lived until her death in 30 of May 1855.
Five of her seven children had predeceased her.
Mary Reibey was arrested and convicted of stealing
horse at Stafford on 21 July 1790 at the age of thirteen.
She was transported to the colony of New South Wales
as a convict to serve out her sentence in 1790 for 7
years. When arrested she was dressed as a boy and
using an alias (James Burrow), however her identify
was revealed during the trial and was 13 when she was
sentenced. Landing in Sydney in 1792 she was assigned
to a Major Francis Grose and given the duties of
nursemaid in his household. She committed stealing
horse because of childish prank and at the age of
thirteen she must've no t known the rules as an
orphaned girl and stealing a horse was a prank to her
but to the rules it was a crime. The reason why she
committed this crime wasn’t because anything that
wanted her to give revenge or regret something back,
it was a prank that she didn’t know it would lead to
transporting 7 years to New South Wales.
Mary Reibey being an orphanage as a young
girl (1777-1855). Arrested for stealing a horse
at the age of 13, she was tried - still
disguised as a boy with the name of James
Burrow - and sentenced to death. Her
sentence to transportation for seven years
to Australia, New South Wales in October
I think the punishment that Mary Reibey faced and done
sort of and sort of doesn’t matches the crime because first
of all the crime she made, was all on a childish prank
which I think she didn't really meant to do as it was a
prank and being transported for seven years just for
stealing a horse from a prank at the age of thirteen isn't
what she expected and for seven years for stealing a horse
must've mean that she did something more worse, anything
that got her sent to the colony of New South Wales unless
she stole more than one or two horses that lead to seven
years, but on the other side I think it matches because
she stole a horse which she doesn’t own and by the laws of
punishment and crimes it illegal to steal as we still do now
and when she was arrested she was disguised as a boy
under the influence of James Burrow which she found
attractive, and at the trial she was identified that she was
a female which must’ve added more years and sentenced
to death. Her sentence was later commuted to
transportation to Australia which is why she was sent to
this place that we live in now for 7 years for the crimes
she made and that is why I think it does and does not
matches (punishment & crime of Mary Reibey).
Remembered by history
Mary Reibey is remembered by the history, why?
Because in recognition of her charity Mary Reibey
is put on the front of Australian 20 dollar banknote.
She is the only person in the whole history of the
world that was convicted in crimes against property
(or any other non-political crimes) and still her image
on national currency.
The $20 dollar note
Once there she not only married and
had seven children, but also became a
highly successful and hugely wealthy
businesswoman. In credit of her
generous activities her portrait now
appears on the Australian $20 note.
Exam questions
I'm still thinking… but for now ill give you one…
Who was the only person in the whole
history world that was convicted in
crimes against property ? As you will find to
this Answer on slide 7
Thank for watching … hope you liked my
mini assignment that we had to do

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