The Great American Songbook

Report
アメリカン・ソングブックを
生んだ作曲家たち
MODERATOR 中川ヨウ
SPEAKER 若山邦紘
自 己 紹 介
名
前:若山 邦紘
生
年:1941年
出
身:慶應義塾大学工学部
身
分:法政大学名誉教授(2011退職)
専
門:オペレーションズ・リサーチ
最適化理論・数理計画
システム工学・シミュレーション
道
楽:爵士樂・スキー・書・画
The Great American Songbook


1920年~1950年にブロードウェイ・ミュージ
カル、映画音楽などのために生み出されたア
メリカのポピュラー・ソングの中で最も重要
で最も影響をもたらした作品の「基準
(canon)」をいう。
その基準とは、作曲家であり評論家であった
Alec Wilderが1972年に出版した“American
Popular Song: The Great Innovators, 1900–
1950 “に基づいている。

Bookがあるわけではない。
American Popular Song:
The Great Innovators, 1900・1950
アメリカのポピュラー音楽作家の作品とその曲・詞
について詳細に分析・批評した大著
1975
Alec Wilder (1907-1980)
Wilderに取り上げられた作曲家
1.
Jerome Kern, Irving Berlin, George Gershwin,
Richard Rodgers, Cole Porter, Harold Arlen
2.
Vincent Youmans, Arthur Schwartz
3.
Burton Lane, Hugh Martin, Vernon Duke
4.
Hoagy Carmichael, Walter Donaldson,
Harry Warren, Isham Jones, Jimmy McHugh,
Duke Ellington, Fred Ahlert, Richard A. Whiting,
Ray Noble, John Green, Rube Bloom,
Jimmy Van Heusen
The Great American Songbook
Harold Arlen (with E.Y. Harburg "Over the Rainbow", "It's
Only a Paper Moon"; with Ted Koehler "Stormy
Weather", "I've Got the World on a String", "I Gotta
Right to Sing the Blues", "Let's Fall in Love"); with
Johnny Mercer ("Blues in the Night", "That Old Black
Magic", "One for My Baby", "Come Rain or Come Shine",
"Ac-Cent-Tchu-Ate the Positive"; and with Ira Gershwin
"The Man that Got Away")
Irving Berlin ("Alexander's Ragtime Band", "When I Lost
You", "How Deep Is the Ocean", "God Bless America",
"White Christmas", "Always", "A Pretty Girl is Like a
Melody", "Blue Skies", "Cheek to Cheek", "Puttin' on the
Ritz", "Let's Face the Music and Dance", "There's No
Business Like Show Business", "I've Got My Love to
Keep Me Warm")
The Great American Songbook
Nacio Herb Brown with lyricist Arthur Freed ("All I Do Is
Dream of You", "Broadway Melody", "Pagan Love Song",
"Paradise", "Singin' in the Rain", "Temptation", "You
Stepped Out of a Dream", "You Were Meant for Me",
"Good Morning")
Hoagy Carmichael ("Stardust", "Georgia on My Mind",
"Lazy River", "The Nearness of You", "Heart and Soul",
"Skylark")
Walter Donaldson mostly with lyrics by Gus Kahn ("My
Baby Just Cares For Me", "My Blue Heaven", "Love Me
Or Leave Me", "Carolina in the Morning", "My Mammy",
"What Can I Say After I Say I'm Sorry?", "Yes Sir, That's
My Baby", "Makin' Whoopee", "You're Driving Me Crazy",
"Little White Lies")
Vernon Duke ("April In Paris", "Autumn In New York", "I
Can't Get Started", "Taking A Chance On Love")
The Great American Songbook
Duke Ellington ("In a Sentimental Mood", "It Don't Mean a
Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing)", "Satin Doll" (with
Billy Strayhorn), "Mood Indigo", "Sophisticated Lady",
"Take the 'A' Train", "I'm Beginning to See the Light")
Sammy Fain ("I'll Be Seeing You", "That Old Feeling", "Love
Is a Many-Splendored Thing", "April Love", "Tender is
the Night")
Dorothy Fields ("I Can't Give You Anything But Love",
"Exactly Like You", "On the Sunny Side of the Street", "A
Fine Romance", "Pick Yourself Up", "The Way You Look
Tonight", "Big Spender", "If My Friends Could See Me
Now")
The Great American Songbook
George and Ira Gershwin ("Someone to Watch Over Me",
"'S Wonderful", "Summertime", "A Foggy Day", "But Not
For Me", "Embraceable You", "I Got Rhythm",
"Fascinating Rhythm", "The Man I Love", "They Can't
Take That Away from Me", "Love Is Here to Stay", "Strike
Up the Band")
Ray Henderson ("Alabamy Bound", "Bye Bye Blackbird",
"I'm Sitting on Top of the World", "The Birth of the
Blues", "The Thrill Is Gone", "The Best Things In Life
Are Free", "Sonny Boy", "You're the Cream in My
Coffee")
Herman Hupfeld ("As Time Goes By", "Let's Put Out the
Lights (and Go to Sleep)")
Bart Howard ("Fly Me To the Moon")
Isham Jones with lyrics by Gus Kahn ("It Had to Be You",
"I'll See You in My Dreams")
The Great American Songbook
Jerome Kern with lyrics by Dorothy Fields ("A Fine
Romance", "Pick Yourself Up", "The Way You Look
Tonight"); with lyrics by Ira Gershwin ("Long Ago (and
Far Away)"); with lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II ("All
the Things You Are", "The Folks Who Live On the Hill",
"Ol' Man River", "The Song Is You"); with lyrics by Otto
Harbach ( "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes", "Yesterdays")
Frank Loesser ("If I Were A Bell", "On A Slow Boat To
China", "Standing on the Corner", "Baby, It's Cold
Outside", "Luck Be A Lady")
Jimmy McHugh ("I Can't Give You Anything But Love,
Baby", "I'm in the Mood for Love", "Don't Blame Me", "On
the Sunny Side of the Street", "Exactly Like You", "It's a
Most Unusual Day")
The Great American Songbook
Johnny Mercer (4-time Academy Award winning lyricist: "On the
Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe", "In the Cool, Cool, Cool
of the Evening", "Moon River" with Henry Mancini, "Fools
Rush In", and "Days of Wine and Roses"; wrote music and
lyrics for "Dream", "Something's Gotta Give", and "I Wanna
Be Around"; wrote lyrics for "Midnight Sun", "Day In, Day
Out", "Laura", and "I Remember You")
Cole Porter ("Night and Day", "I've Got You Under My Skin",
"Begin the Beguine", "Let's Do It, Let's Fall in Love", "What Is
This Thing Called Love?", "Too Darn Hot", "Love for Sale",
"You're the Top", "Just One of Those Things", "All of You", "I
Get a Kick Out of You", "Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye", "In the
Still of the Night", "It's De-Lovely", "My Heart Belongs to
Daddy", "I Concentrate on You", "You'd Be So Nice to Come
Home To", "So in Love", "Anything Goes", "You Do Something
to Me")
The Great American Songbook
Rodgers and Hart ("Slaughter On 10th Avenue (ballet)",
"Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered", "With A Song in
My Heart", "Falling In Love With Love", "My Romance",
"Have You Met Miss Jones?", "My Funny Valentine",
"Blue Moon", "Blue Room", "I Could Write a Book", "It's
Easy To Remember", "It Never Entered My Mind",
"Manhattan", "The Lady Is a Tramp", "Little Girl Blue",
"Mimi", "My Heart Stood Still", "Spring Is Here", "A Ship
Without a Sail", "Thou Swell", "Lover", "The Most
Beautiful Girl in the World", "I Didn't Know What Time It
Was", "Isn't It Romantic?", "Where or When", "Glad to Be
Unhappy", "You Took Advantage of Me", "This Can't Be
Love", "Mountain Greenery")
The Great American Songbook
Rodgers and Hammerstein (“You‘ll Never Walk Alone”,
“Hello, Young Lovers”, “Younger Than Springtime”,
“Oh What a Beautiful Mornin’”, “People Will Say We‘re
in Love”, “It Might as Well Be Spring”, “If I Loved You”,
“Happy Talk”, “Some Enchanted Evening”, “The Surrey
with the Fringe on Top”, “I Have Dreamed”, “The
Surrey with the Fringe on Top”, “My Favorite Things”,
“Something Wonderful”, “Climb Every Mountain”,
“Edelweiss”, “I Enjoy Being A Girl”, "The Sound Of
Music", "A Wonderful Guy")
Harry Ruby and Bert Kalmar ("Who's Sorry Now?",
"Thinking of You", "I Wanna Be Loved by You", "Three
Little Words", "Nevertheless", "A Kiss to Build a Dream
On")
The Great American Songbook
Arthur Schwartz and Howard Dietz (“Dancing in the Dark”, "You
and the Night and the Music", "I Guess I'll Have to Change My
Plan", "Alone Together", "Haunted Heart", "That's
Entertainment!")
Jule Styne ("Time After Time", "Guess I'll Hang My Tears Out to
Dry", "I Fall In Love Too Easily", "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best
Friend, "Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow!", "People", "Don't
Rain on My Parade", "Just In Time", "Saturday Night (Is the
Loneliest Night of the Week)", "The Party's Over")
Jimmy Van Heusen mostly with lyricists Johnny Burke and Sammy
Cahn ("All the Way", "Swinging on a Star", "Darn That Dream",
"Polka Dots and Moonbeams", "But Beautiful", "Come Fly with
Me", "Imagination", "Like Someone in Love", "Call Me
Irresponsible", "I Thought About You", "Here's That Rainy Day",
"It Could Happen To You", "Love Is The Tender Trap", "Ain't That
a Kick in the Head")
The Great American Songbook
Harry Warren ("At Last", "There Will Never Be Another
You", "An Affair To Remember", "I Had The Craziest
Dream", "The More I See You", "Forty-Second Street",
"Boulevard Of Broken Dreams", "Lullaby of Broadway",
"You're Getting to Be a Habit with Me", "I Only Have
Eyes For You", "", "Jeepers Creepers", "You Must Have
Been A Beautiful Baby", "September in the Rain", "",
"You're My Everything", "Chattanooga Choo Choo", "On
the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe", "This Heart of
Mine", "You'll Never Know", "My Dream Is Yours", "I
Wish I Knew", "Serenade In Blue", "Nagasaki", "(I've Got
a Gal In) Kalamazoo", "That's Amore", "Innamorata")
The Great American Songbook
Richard Whiting ("Till We Meet Again", "The Japanese
Sandman", "Miss Brown to You", "Louise (the Maurice
Chevalier hit)", "She's Funny That Way", "Ain't We Got
Fun", "Guilty (1931 song)", "Breezin' Along with the
Breeze", "When Did You Leave Heaven?", "Ukulele Lady",
“Sleepy Time Gal", "Honey (Rudy Vallée song)", "I Can't
Escape from You", "My Future Just Passed" "Hooray for
Hollywood", "Beyond the Blue Horizon", "My Ideal" "On
the Good Ship Lollipop", "Too Marvelous for Words")
Jack Yellen with Milton Ager ("Ain't She Sweet", "Happy
Days Are Here Again", "Big Bad Bill (Is Sweet William
Now)", "Glad Rag Doll", "Hard Hearted Hannah (The
Vamp of Savannah)", "Louisville Lou (That Vampin'
Lady)", with Lew Pollack "My Yiddishe Momme")
The Great American Songbook
Vincent Youmans ("Tea For Two", "Time on My Hands",
"More Than You Know", "(The) Carioca", "Sometimes I'm
Happy", "Without A Song", "I Want to Be Happy")
Victor Young ("I Don't Stand a Ghost of a Chance with
You", "Stella by Starlight", "Love Letters", "My Foolish
Heart", "When I Fall in Love", "Around the World")
Burton Lane 1912-1997 (How About You,
Moments Like This, Old Devil Moon, On A Clear
Day)
Hugh Martin 1914-2011 (The Boy Next Door,
Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas)
Jimmy McHugh 1894-1969 (I Can稚 Give You
Anything But Love, On The Sunny Side Of The
Street, Exactly Like You, I知 In The Mood For
Love)
Duke Ellington 1899-1974 (Caravan, It Don稚
Mean A Thing, Mood Indigo, Sophisticated Lady,
Solitude, In A Sentimental Mood, Take The 羨・
Train)
Fred Ahlert 1892-1953 (The Moon Was Yellow,
Walking My Baby Back Home, I知 Gonna Sit
Right Down And Write Myself A Letter, Mean To
Me, I Don稚 Know Why)
Ray Noble 1903-1978 (The Very Thought Of You,
Cherokee, I Hadn稚 Anyone Till You, The Touch
Of Your Lips)
John Green 1908- 1989 (Body And Soul, Out Of
Nowhere)
Rube Bloom 1908-1976(Day In-Day Out, Don稚
Worry 腺out Me, Fools Rush In, Give Me A
Simple Life, May Be You値l Be There)
AMERICAN
SONGBOOK
JAZZ
STANDARD
TIN PAN
ALLEY SONG
ヨウ先生の選んだ9人
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Jerome Kern (1885-1945)
Irving Berlin (1888-1989)
Cole Porter (1891-1964)
George Gershwin (1898-1937)
Victor Young (1899-1956)
Hoagy Carmichael (1899-1981)
Richard Rodgers (1902-1979)
Harold Arlen (1905-1986)
Johnny Mercer (1909-1976)
12日若山担当
16日悠担当
活
動
時
期
TIN PAN ALLEY, New York
TIN PAN ALLEY, 1886 - 1956
Tin=錫、Pan=鍋、Alley=小路、と
いう命名は、Monroe H. Rosenfeld
Jerome H. Remick & Company
Demonstration Room
Jerome Kern (1885-1945)








Ol' Man River lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II 1927
Smoke Gets in Your Eyes lyrics by Otto Harbach 1933
Yesterdays
lyrics by Otto Harbach 1933
Pick Yourself Up lyrics by Dorothy Fields 1936
The Way You Look Tonight lyrics Dorothy Fields 1936
I'm Old Fashioned lyrics Johnny Mercer 1942
Long Ago (and Far Away) lyrics Ira Gershwin 1944
The Folks Who Live On the Hill
lyrics Oscar Hammerstein II 1937
 The Last Time I Saw Paris Oscar Hammerstein II 1940
 Long Ago and Far Away
Ira Gershwin 1944
 All The Things You Are Oscar Hammerstein II 1939
Ol' Man River 1927
Broadway Musical “SHOW BOAT”
Oscar Hammerstein II
(1895-1960)
Jerome Kern
(1885-1945)
Paul Robeson
Pick Yourself Up 1936
Words by Dorothy Fields
Music by Jerome Kern
オバマ大統領就任演説
“Starting today, we must pick ourselves up, dust ourselves off,
and begin again the work of remaking America”
4人のカーン
Jerome Kern
(1885-1945)
Gus Kahn
(1886-1941)
I'll See You In My Dreams
It Had To Be You
Sammy Cahn
(1912-1993)
It's Been a Long, Long Time
Call Me Irresponsible
Donald Kahn
(1918 - 2008)
A Beautiful Friendship
この歌をご存じか?
The sun is shining
The grass is green
The orange and palm trees sway.
There’s never been such a day
In Beverly Hills LA.
But it's December the 24th
And I am longing to be up North.
White Christmas 1941

1942年映画“Holiday Inn”の挿入
歌

Bing Crosbyのレコードはシング
ル・アルバム合わせて1億枚は
世界記録となった

1954年に映画“White
Christmas”
Irving Berlin (1888-1989)

Alexander’s Ragtime Band
1911

I Love A Piano

All By Myself

Easter Parade

How Deep Is The Ocean

Cheek To Cheek
1935

White Christmas
1941

They Say It’s Wonderful

Blue Skies

There’s No Business Like Show Business
1915
1921
1933
1933
1946
1946
1954
Hoagy Carmichael の代表作
1.
Stardust
Rockin・Chair
1929
3. Georgia on My Mind
1927
2.
(1899-1981)
1930
4.
Lazy River
1931
5.
The Nearness of You
1937
6.
Skylark
1961
7.
Heart and Soul
1964
名曲 STARDUST 1927
Lyrics by
Mitchell Parish in 1929
Mitchell Parish (1900 - 1993)
サッチモのStardustに歌詞をつけた男
サッチモの1931年レコーディング
Judith and Jon Hendricks, 1990
ホーギー・カーマイケルの伴奏で
石井好子さんの伴奏をしたことがある(1961)
Richard Rodgers (1902-1979)
Rodgers & Hart
Rodgers & Hammerstein
Richard Rodgers (1902-1979)



1925
1927
1932
1934
1935
1937
1941
1943
1945
1949
1959
1965
Manhattan
My Heart Stood Still
Isn't It Romantic?,
You Are Too Beautiful
It's Easy To Remember,
Blue Moon
My Romance
The Lady is a Tramp, Where or When
My Funny Valentine
Bewitched
Oh! What A Beautiful Morning, Oklahoma
You'll Never Walk Alone
Some Enchanted Evening
Edelweiss,
My Favorite Things,
The Sound Of Music
Take The Moment (Stephen Sondheim)
The Kennedy Center Horner
カーター大統領
1978年に第1回
音楽・映画・テレビで顕著な業績者表彰
第1回の受賞者(5名)
シナトラ特製のWhere or When
1989年11月Sammy Davis Jr. コンサート
Johnny Mercer (1909・976)
Moon River 1961
酒とバラの日々 1962
Moon River
Johnny Mercer痴 Hit Songs
One For My Baby 1943 Harold Arlen
Dream
1944
3. Autumn Leaves
1947 Joseph Kosma
4. Satin Doll
1953 Duke Ellington
5. Something's Gotta Give
1954
6. I Wanna Be Around
1959 Sadie Vimmerstedt
7. Moon River
1961 Henry Mancini
8. The Days of Wine and Roses 1962 Henry Mancini
9. When October Goes
1984 Barry Manilow
1.
2.
DREAM by The Pied Pipers 1951
I Wanna Be Around
 1959年にオハイオに住む美容師Sadie
Vimmerstedtという女性から歌のアディ
アとなる一行の文がマーサーの所に送ら
れてきました。
 I want to be around to pick up the pieces
when somebody's breaking your heart
I WANNA BE AROUND
I wanna be around to pick the pieces
Somebody breaks your heart
Some, somebody’s twice as smart as I
Somebody who will swear to be true
You used to do with me
Leave you to learn that misery loves company
I mean I wanna be around
To see how he does it
When he breaks your heart to bits
Let’s see if the puzzle really fits so fine
That’s when I’ll discover that revenge is sweet
As I sit they’re applauding from a front row seat
Somebody breaks your heart like you broke mine
Tony Bennett with Ralf Sharon
When October Goes
マーサーの死後、見つけられた遺作の詞
Composed and sung by Barry Manilow
The End
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