WATER SECTOR INPUT - The Department of Water Affairs

Report
VISION: MMEWR will be a global leader in the provisions of services in the mineral, energy and
water sector for national prosperity.
Ministry of Minerals, Energy and Water Resources
Department of Water Affairs
PRESENTATION
ON
DEVELOPMENTS IN THE WATER SECTOR
09 June, 2011
1
Theme: “Water for the People and Development; Key priorities
and Challenges”
SYNOPTIC VIEW OF WATER RESOURCES IN BOTSWANA
Total yield and demand in m3/year
250,000,000
200,000,000
184,882,490
187,723,164
190,853,885
193,979,920
203,494,978
200,542,124
197,220,964
194,260,000
190,080,000
150,000,000
121,580,000
121,580,000
121,580,000
121,580,000
128,080,000
Total Yield
Demand
100,000,000
50,000,000
2010
2011
2012
2013
Years
2
2014
2015
2016
2011 WATER DEMAND SITUATION
15%
11%
Total Yield
55%
Household, Commercial and
Institutions
Livestock
Irrigated Farms
19%
Mining
3
WATER SECTOR CHALLENGES
 Growing spatial mismatch between water resources and water demand,
requiring transfer schemes.
 High variability of annual run-off related to highly variable rainfall patterns,
limiting the safe yields of dams;
 Lack of suitable high yielding dam sites, especially near demand centers,
leading to high evaporation rates from dams;
 Most surface-waters are subjected to compliance to the SADC Protocol on
Shared water courses;
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WATER SECTOR CHALLENGES
 Limited g/w resources with high variations in recharge rates coupled
with salinity problems e.g. greator part of the Kahalari
 Escalating domestic, urban and peri-urban water demand and high
water losses
 Contamination of water sources- sanitation is lagging behind,
sanitation is not a question of latrines, it is also very much a matter of
planning, city treatment facilities, preservation of wellfields etc.
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DWA STRATEGIES FOR AVAILING WATER FOR THE PEOPLE &
DEVELOPMENT
 Institutional restructuring
 Water infrastructure development
 Water conservation and demand management
 Capacity building
6
INSTITUTIONAL RESTRUCTURING STRATEGY
 To address the above challenges, MMEWR is currently undertaking
institutional restructuring of its water sector based on the NWMPR
2006 recommendations of separating the resource management role
from the water supply service role .
 This reform was motivated by the recognition that the existing
government policies and organizational structures may not be
adequate and modern to manage scarce resources of the country.
 The water authorities were reduced to two, namely; DWA and WUC.
 The review of the legal framework and establishment of the two legal
bodies being, Water Resources Council, and Water & Energy Regulator
is currently underway and expected to be completed by 2014.
 DWA and WUC are currently realigning themselves to carryout the
new roles of being a resource manager and water supply respectively.
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DWA’S MANDATE AND SPECIFIC ROLES
DWA’s mandate as the resource manager is to
 Plan, develop, manage and protect the country’s water resources for sustainable contribution
to the socio-economic growth.
 This mandate includes reducing vulnerability of the water resources systems to hydrologic
variability and climate change through a comprehensive planning and risk management
Specifically, DWA plays the following roles in the water sector.
 Strategic Role: This involves an ongoing assessment of the economic role of water in the
country’s development and a strong planning function.
 Analytical Role: As Botswana is a water scarce county, research and development is needed
to meet the challenges faced by the rural population, and mining and industry. Will serve as
the principal research support to the WRC.
 Management Role: The limited water resources of the country need active demand
management as well as water use and abstraction control.
 Development and Service Role: The DWA is a service oriented dept that works with the
water using sectors (agriculture, mining and industry, energy etc.) to ensure that water is
provided and used efficiently while the resources are managed in a sustainable manner.
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WATER INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
Strategic infrastructure development strategy is meant to
facilitate wise/ conjunctive use of both surface and ground
water resources which entails
 The planning, design and construction of major water infrastructure;
 Dams Under Construction: Dikgatlhong (400 MCM, Feb. 2012) Thune
9
(90 MCM,2013), Lotsane (42 MCM, dec. 2011).
 Strategic Pipelines: North South Carrier (NSC 2) and Chobe Zambezi
 Wellfield development will be continued
 Infrastructure for artificial recharge in areas such as Maun, Thune etc will
be put in place
 Infrastructure that will facilitate the utilization of saline groundwaters etc.
will be put in place
 Waste water recycling infrastructure will be developed in areas such as
Palapye – Serowe, Ghanzi, Gaborone.
WATER CONSERVATION AND DEMAND MANAGEMENT
STRATEGY
Strategy for water conservation and demand management for
the NDP 10 is fully informed by the NWMPR 2006 recommendations
which is as follows:
 Review of the existing policies and development of action plans as per
the NWMPR 2006
 Development of effective water systems monitoring protocols,
Assessment, Monitoring and Evaluation of Water Resources
During NDP 10, Government shall ensure:
 That information required for decision-making on water resources is
collected and analyzed.
 That information acquired is fully utilized for strategic planning for the
use, development, and protection of water resources.
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WATER CONSERVATION AND DEMAND MANAGEMENT
CONT...
 That change in water use is dynamic enough to cope with changing
priorities and conditions.
In addition, during NDP 10, Government shall:
 Establish an independent quality monitoring and evaluation division as
part of the Regulator for monitoring and evaluation of services
provided in the water sector both at project implementation and
service delivery (timeliness, water quality, cost and water
conservation).
 Establish water quality testing laboratories.
 In addition, the review of the status of all water supply systems and
national metering will be undertaken in order to determine the future
investments required in terms of capital expenditure and major
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Water Pricing/Economic
Measures
•Leak detection
•Tariffs - full cost recovery
•Abolishment of Centralised Billing
•Review supply of free water from public
standpipes
•Introduce Pre-paid Metering Systems
•Should DWA subsidise the cost of water
Technical Measures
•Retrofitting of Fixtures
•Water Saving Devices
•Harvest rainwater and collect drainage
•Desalination
•Waste-water Recycling
•Leak detection
•District metering/monitoring
•Data logging
NATIONAL WATER CONSERVATION
PROGRAMME
Water Efficient Practices
•
Water wise gardening and landscaping
Evaporation loss reduction
Artificial recharge (G/Water)
‘Grey Water’ re use
Efficient practices of water authorities
Time to respond to call outs (ALR)
Water Efficient (drip) irrigation system
Hose pipe bans for car washing
Hose pipe ban for paved
area washing
–
Public Awareness and Education
Water Week Big event for IEC
Educational Activities in schools and colleges
Promotional Material and Activities
Involvement at Community level
Customer Advisory Services
Curricula Development
Street Posters
•
Bill boards
•
Open days at schools what have you done?
WATER CONSERVATION AND DEMAND
MANAGEMENT CONT...
 Director of Ceremonies, Our solutions will require
behavioral change, more integrated planning and sound
economic principles.
 Citizens should have greater say and should be more water
literate.
 Clearly, pure technological and engineering approaches will
not be enough.
 The media should also play a role in educating the public, so
that consumers can work cooperatively with politicians and
encourage them to take more prominent leadership roles in
water management.
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CAPACITY BUILDING STRATEGY
 During NDP 10 the following shall be carried out in order to build
capacity in the water sector and facilitate effective project
implementation:
 Training facilities for applied engineering in the water sector
organizations in collaboration with relevant institutions (e.g. BOTA,
University of Botswana, Botswana University of Science and
Technology) will be established ------to capacitate the Water Resource
Planning, Development and Management Programs .
 Funding from multilateral sources shall be explored (international
donors/ investors)--------to enhance the financial resourcing of the
Water Resource Planning, Development and Management Programs.
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CAPACITY BUILDING CONT…
 Utilization of Public Private Partnership (PPP) for all infrastructure




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development projects, as a means of facilitating private sector
participation in the water sector – will be encouraged/enhanced
under the IWRM framework.
Outsourcing of services
Engineering Procurement and Construction (EPC) tendering model
shall be followed in projects where complexity and value justify, such
as the Zambezi Transfer, Cross Border Pipeline and NSC 2.
Partnership with stakeholders will be formed for information
exchange.
Information, education & awareness creation on water resource issues
will be pursued
DWA Programs to deliver Strategy cont….
Program
Outcomes
Key Performance Indicators
Initiatives
Water
Resources
Planning
and
Developme
nt.
Sufficient
water
resources
available to
meet
national
demand
Additional resources quantified;
Baseline: 0 m3/ year; Target:
6,898,500m3/ year ( this excludes
effluent as is shown separately)
% utilization of recycled water;
Baseline: 15%; Target: 50%
Cooperate with SADC on
partnerships and joint studies by
2016 ( continuous activity)
Carryout
macro
economic
assessment impact of water
resources
on
economic
development and GDP by 2013.
Carryout investigation studies for
surface water and groundwater
potential
including
saline
groundwater resources by 2013
Review and update national water
master plan by 2013
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DWA Programs to deliver Strategy cont….
Program
Outcomes
Water
Sustainable
Resources
& equitable
Management use
Key Performance Indicators
Initiatives
Established water balances for water
sheds & wellfields ( Baseline : 0
Target:2 priority water sheds & 18
wellfields)
Level of Compliance to
recommended abstraction rates for
major consumers (Baseline: 18% (
5/28 consumers for Dukwi, Orapa,
Jwaneng, Paje and Mmabula wellfield)
Target: 90%)
Percentage of water produced that
meet quality standards. (Baseline:
TBD Target: 80%)
Implement water shed management
project (Gaborone and Ntimbale) by
2014.
Wellfield Auditing by 2016
Improve resource monitoring
systems by 2014
1. Upgrade hydrological network
coverage
2. Upgrade wellfield monitoring data
collection platforms
Establish baseline for abstraction
rates for all abstractors by 2014 and
monitor for compliance there after
until 2016
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DWA Programs to deliver Strategy cont….
Program
Outcomes Key Performance Indicators
Water
Resources
Developm
ent
(including
Treatment
and
Transmissi
on)
Adequate
quality
water
produced
to meet
identified
demands
in
NWMPR
(National
Water
Master
Plan
Review)
2006
Initiatives
Percentage of water demand Build dams and
met. (Baseline: 44%; Target: interconnections by 2014
95%)
Construct strategic pipelines by
2015
Wellfield Development –
Botlhapatlou
Water Supply Emergency
Projects
Thematic
Working
Group
Role
Players
DWA,
PIU,
WUC,
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WATER PITSO
 The 1ST WATER PITSO (Stakeholder Symposium) is a stakeholder
meeting that has been initiated to cultivate and build solid partnerships
between the Government through Ministry of Minerals, Energy and
Water Resources and all water stakeholders.
 Pitso provides a platform for us to evaluate or assess progress made
towards meeting the Pillars of Vision 2016, Millennium Development
Goals and water policy goals that are outlined in the National
Development Plan 10.
 The theme of the Water Pitso is: “Water for the People and
Development: Key Priorities and Challenges”
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WATER PITSO
The objectives of this symposium are as follows:
 Improve




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and build meaningful relationships with all water
stakeholders
Exchange views and experiences between government and water
sector stakeholders
Share progress and updates on water policy, projects and programs
Address pertinent issues that affect the water sector
Provide info. on DWA services to the people (service delivery)
WATER PITSO
 Without cross-sectoral cooperation, we would not be able to
meet our goals for the future.
 It is only through an integrated approach involving all
stakeholders across all sectors and disciplines that we will
find sustainable solutions to the many water problems that
we face.
 We need to recognize that technical solutions are not enough
to face all the water challenges.
 The ‘time of easy water is over’ we must act before disaster
strike.
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WATER PITSO
 You are all welcomed to join the Water Pitso-a symposium of
solutions.
 Thank you very much for your attention and thank you very
much for being here!....I wish you a open and productive
discussion.
PULA….PULA
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