1 - Exam4Me

Report
2
8
TOEFL Reading
9
* 총 30문항, 각 문제당 3.3점씩 배점
▶ Word Check
☞ Write the meanings of the words.
1. ape
2. humid
3. nostril
4. slim
5. narrow
6. thin
7. upright
8. matriarchal
9. bonding
10. habitat
11. hunting
12. extinction
13. donation
14. conservation
15. endangered species
▶ Phrase Check
☞ Choose the correct word or phrase for each blank.
splits into, are in danger, impact on, social status, is determined by
16. Females are considered to have a higher
in their matriarchal social structure.
암컷들이 모계 중심 사회에서 보다 높은 사회적 지위를 가진 것으로 여겨진다.
17. The status of a male Bonobo
the status of his mother.
수컷 보노보의 지위는 그 어머니의 지위에 따라 결정된다.
18. A community composed of approximately one hundred Bonobos
small groups
during the day.
대략 100마리의 보노보들로 구성된 집단은 낮 동안에 먹이를 찾을 때는 작은 그룹들로 나누어진다.
19. Bonobos
due to habitat loss and hunting.
보노보들은 서식지의 사라짐과 사냥으로 인해 위험에 처해 있다.
20. The first and second Congo wars had a significant
제1차와 제2차 콩고 전쟁은 보노보의 개체 수에 상당한 영향을 끼쳤다.
the Bonobo population.
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8
9
TOEFL Reading
▶ Reading Comprehension
Bonobos -- Closest Relatives to Humans
The Bonobo is a great ape. The name Bonobo first appeared in 1954. Together with
the ‘Common Chimpanzee,’ the Bonobo is known as the species that is the closest
relatives to humans that currently exist. The Bonobo is found wild in the Democratic
Republic of Congo in Africa. Around 10,000 Bonobos are found only south of the
Congo River and north of the Kasai River, in the humid forests.
It has a black face. Pink lips, small ears, wide nostrils and long hair form its head.
Compared to the Common Chimpanzee, Bonobos have slimmer upper bodies,
narrower shoulders, a thinner neck, and longer legs. They tend to walk upright, about
25 percent of the time when conducting ground movement. These characteristics
make Bonobos resemble humans more than the Common Chimpanzee.
Females are considered to have a higher social status in their matriarchal social
structure. Strong female bonding also allows groups of female Bonobos to dominate
the community. The status of a male Bonobo is determined by the status of his
mother. A community composed of approximately one hundred Bonobos splits into
small groups during the day while looking for food, and then they come back
together to sleep. They sleep in trees, in the nests they construct.
Bonobos are in danger due to habitat loss and hunting. The first and second Congo
wars had a significant impact on the Bonobo population. It is estimated that a range
from 60,000 to less than 5,000 Bonobos are living. Currently, awareness of Bonobo
extinction is ever increasing. Some non-scientific or ecological sites have even
created various groups to collect donations for the conservation of this endangered
species.
☞ Choose the best answer based on the article.
21. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic that makes Bonobos resemble humans more
than the common chimpanzee?
① They have pink lips and a black face.
② They walk upright at times when conducting ground movement.
③ They have slimmer upper bodies and longer legs.
④ They have narrower shoulders and a thinner neck.
2
8
9
TOEFL Reading
22. Which of the following sentences is correct?
① The status of a male Bonobo is dependant upon the status of his father.
② Females use strong female bonding and have a higher status in the Bonobo matriarchal social
structure.
③ Bonobos are essentially the same as the Common Chimpanzee.
④ Males are able to dominate the the Bonobo community.
23. Which of the following best defines the word 'extinction' from the 4th paragraph?
① The complete death of a particular species leaving some remaining members
② The increase in population of a species
③ The decrease in population of a species
④ The dying out of a particular species
24. Why is the Bonobo species in danger?
① Not enough people are making donations to groups trying to save the species.
② It is too difficult for a species to grow when females are in charge. Animals need males to exert
their dominance to fight in the wild.
③ The Bonobos have been hunted as well as experienced a loss in habitat during the Congo Civil
Wars.
④ They are outnumbered by the common chimpanzee.
☞ Write True(T) or False(F).
25. Bonobos usually look for food in large groups of roughly 100 members. _____
26. Right now, there are only 60,000 living Bonobos on the planet. _____
27. Many Bonobos can be found in the humid forests of the Congo. _____
▶ Structure
☞ Choose the correct answer.
28. Choice must be determined ( for, by, of ) merit.
29. The party split ( into, in, with ) two over the issue.
30. Without your help, I ( be, should be, would be ) in danger.
2
8
TOEFL Reading
9
* 총 30문항, 각 문제당 3.3점씩 배점
▶ Word Check
☞ Write the meanings of the words.
1. ape [꼬리 없는 원숭이]
2. humid [습한]
3. nostril [콧구멍]
4. slim [호리호리한, 가냘픈]
5. narrow [좁은]
6. thin [얇은]
7. upright [똑바로 선]
8. matriarchal [모계 중심의]
9. bonding [긴밀한 유대]
10. habitat [서식지]
11. hunting [사냥]
12. extinction [멸종]
13. donation [기부금]
14. conservation [보존]
15. endangered species [멸종 위기에 처한 종]
▶ Phrase Check
☞ Choose the correct word or phrase for each blank.
splits into, are in danger, impact on, social status, is determined by
16. Females are considered to have a higher social status in their matriarchal social structure.
암컷들이 모계 중심 사회에서 보다 높은 사회적 지위를 가진 것으로 여겨진다.
17. The status of a male Bonobo is determined by the status of his mother.
수컷 보노보의 지위는 그 어머니의 지위에 따라 결정된다.
18. A community composed of approximately one hundred Bonobos splits into small groups
during the day.
대략 100마리의 보노보들로 구성된 집단은 낮 동안에 먹이를 찾을 때는 작은 그룹들로 나누어진다.
19. Bonobos are in danger due to habitat loss and hunting.
보노보들은 서식지의 사라짐과 사냥으로 인해 위험에 처해 있다.
20. The first and second Congo wars had a significant impact on the Bonobo population.
제1차와 제2차 콩고 전쟁은 보노보의 개체 수에 상당한 영향을 끼쳤다.
2
8
9
TOEFL Reading
▶ Reading Comprehension
Bonobos -- Closest Relatives to Humans
The Bonobo is a great ape. The name Bonobo first appeared in 1954. Together with
the ‘Common Chimpanzee,’ the Bonobo is known as the species that is the closest
relatives to humans that currently exist. The Bonobo is found wild in the Democratic
Republic of Congo in Africa. Around 10,000 Bonobos are found only south of the
Congo River and north of the Kasai River, in the humid forests.
It has a black face. Pink lips, small ears, wide nostrils and long hair form its head.
Compared to the Common Chimpanzee, Bonobos have slimmer upper bodies,
narrower shoulders, a thinner neck, and longer legs. They tend to walk upright, about
25 percent of the time when conducting ground movement. These characteristics
make Bonobos resemble humans more than the Common Chimpanzee.
Females are considered to have a higher social status in their matriarchal social
structure. Strong female bonding also allows groups of female Bonobos to dominate
the community. The status of a male Bonobo is determined by the status of his
mother. A community composed of approximately one hundred Bonobos splits into
small groups during the day while looking for food, and then they come back
together to sleep. They sleep in trees, in the nests they construct.
Bonobos are in danger due to habitat loss and hunting. The first and second Congo
wars had a significant impact on the Bonobo population. It is estimated that a range
from 60,000 to less than 5,000 Bonobos are living. Currently, awareness of Bonobo
extinction is ever increasing. Some non-scientific or ecological sites have even
created various groups to collect donations for the conservation of this endangered
species.
☞ Choose the best answer based on the article.
21. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic that makes Bonobos resemble humans more
than the common chimpanzee? [1]
① They have pink lips and a black face.
② They walk upright at times when conducting ground movement.
③ They have slimmer upper bodies and longer legs.
④ They have narrower shoulders and a thinner neck.
2
8
9
TOEFL Reading
22. Which of the following sentences is correct? [2]
① The status of a male Bonobo is dependant upon the status of his father.
② Females use strong female bonding and have a higher status in the Bonobo matriarchal social
structure.
③ Bonobos are essentially the same as the Common Chimpanzee.
④ Males are able to dominate the the Bonobo community.
23. Which of the following best defines the word 'extinction' from the 4th paragraph? [4]
① The complete death of a particular species leaving some remaining members
② The increase in population of a species
③ The decrease in population of a species
④ The dying out of a particular species
24. Why is the Bonobo species in danger? [3]
① Not enough people are making donations to groups trying to save the species.
② It is too difficult for a species to grow when females are in charge. Animals need males to exert
their dominance to fight in the wild.
③ The Bonobos have been hunted as well as experienced a loss in habitat during the Congo Civil
Wars.
④ They are outnumbered by the common chimpanzee.
☞ Write True(T) or False(F).
25. Bonobos usually look for food in large groups of roughly 100 members. [F]
26. Right now, there are only 60,000 living Bonobos on the planet. [F]
27. Many Bonobos can be found in the humid forests of the Congo. [T]
▶ Structure
☞ Choose the correct answer.
28. Choice must be determined ( for, by, of ) merit.
29. The party split ( into, in, with ) two over the issue.
30. Without your help, I ( be, should be, would be ) in danger.

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