AwUBIS add-ons

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SUBORDINATE CLAUSE
• Is an add-on to a sentence that already exists
• Has extra information that relates to the main
sentence
• Creates a NEW INFO + KNOWN INFO situation
• KNOWN = main sentence; NEW = subordinate clause
NEW AND KNOWN ORDER
• Order is important and has punctuation rules
•
1. KNOWN INFO followed by NEW INFO needs no punctuation. This is
the usual way we write.
•
Ex: My brother actually drove the family car for about a block when he
was four years old.
•
2. NEW INFO introducing KNOWN info must have a comma at the end of
the NEW INFO.
•
Ex: When he was only four years old, my brother actually drove the family
car about a block.
WHY MOVE/CHANGE THE ORDER?
• To create tension and make the reader wait for the key
idea.
• To create a transition from previous sentence or
paragraph
• To make the reader notice. If you interrupt the usual
order, the change adds stress and details to the idea
you want to reinforce.
• What is the impact on the subject brother when you
move the subordinate clause?
AWUBIS PHRASES
A sentence opener or closer (dependent clause)
beginning with an AWUBIS word (subordinating
conjunction).
An AWUBIS phrase is NOT a complete thought and
cannot stand alone as a sentence. It must always be
paired with a real sentence (complete thought) and
will add more details to the original sentence.
MEET AWUBIS
KEY
Catch phrase
Letter
A
W
U
After
Although
As
(just) as
When
Whenever
Where
Unless
Until
As if
As long as
As soon as
As though
Whereas
Wherever
While
KEY
letter
Catch Phrase
B
Because
Before
I
If
If only
S
Since
So
So that
in case
in order to/that
THE WHEN AND WHY OF AWUBIS
Time:
Concession:
When, whenever, after, as, before, once, since, till, until, now
that, while, as long as, as soon as
Contingency:
Though, although, even though, is, while
Condition:
If, once
Reason:
If, in case, as long as, unless, provided that, because, since
as long as
Result:
So, so that
Comparison:
As, just as, as if
Contrast:
While, whereas
AWUBIS IN ACTION
Complex sentence:
After I finish my homework, I plan to spend the
evening relaxing.
Complex/compound sentence:
Because I stayed up so late, I’m extremely tired
this morning, and I feel grumpy.
PUNCTUATING AWUBIS
When AWUBIS is a sentence opener, use comma after the
dependent clause.
Ex: Because I stayed up so late, I’m extremely tired this morning,
and I feel grumpy.
You will not usually need a comma when the AWUBIS follows the
main sentence.
Ex: I’m extremely tired this morning because I stayed up so late last
night.

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