cs-costs-concerns-part4

Report
Complete Streets:
Guide to Answering the Costs
Question
Companion Presentation, Part 4
1
Complete Streets add
lasting value.
2
Use with: general public, community officials, receptive
transportation professionals
Complete Streets add
lasting value.
3
Health: Walkability and Obesity
Residents of
walkable areas:
• More physically
active
• Less likely to be
be overweight or
obese
Kenneth Spencer
4
Health: Safe Streets & Women’s Health
Only ¼ women ages 40-60
meet national guidance for
recommended physical
activity.
Safe neighborhoods with
sidewalks and near
destinations = women are
more likely to walk, run, bike
Doc Searls
William Feldman
5
Health: Transit Users
One third of regular transit
users meet the minimum
daily requirement for
physical activity during
their commute.
Michal Ronkin
Health: Communities of Color
Where infrastructure
has fallen into disrepair
or was never there,
simple changes such
as easily accessible
paths to destinations =
more physically active
African-American
neighborhoods
Dan Burden
7
County Health Rankings
http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/
8
Safer Streets: Seattle
Seattle DOT
Seattle DOT
9
Safer Streets: Orlando, Florida
Road diet reduced the
frequency of crashes
involving injuries from
1 every 9 days to
1 every 30 days
City of Orlando
10
Safer Streets: Vancouver, Washington
Road diet on Fourth
Plain Blvd:
• Vehicle collisions
dropped 52%
• Pedestrian crashes
dropped to 0
City of Vancouver, WA
11
Economic Vitality: Revenue, Jobs
• Vermont: 1,400 jobs, $41 million in wages, and
$81 million in revenue.
• Wisconsin: $556 million from the bicycle
industry.
• Iowa: Bike commuters  $52m in indirect and
direct benefits.
12
Economic Vitality: Job Creation
Walk, bike, and transit
projects = more jobs
than auto-only projects
13
Economic Vitality: Lancaster, California
$10m investment in
‘rambla’, new lighting,
landscaping, and trees
City of Lancaster, CA
= $125m private
investment, 40 new
businesses, 800 new
jobs, 26%  in sales
tax revenue
14
Economic Vitality: San Diego
La Jolla Boulevard’s
improvements
helped generate 20%
more sales across 95
area businesses.
Dan Burden
15
Economic Vitality: Property Value
Walkability adds to
commercial and
residential real estate
value.
Dan Burden
16
Dan Burden
“Communities that invest in bike ways and
good sidewalks also attract a creative class of
professionals who bring additional vitality and
economic growth to communities.”
– Jeffery Tumlin, principal, Nelson/Nelson
17
Traffic Management: Portland, Oregon
40,000
Hawthorne Bridge
37,500
Total # of Vehicles
35,000
Automobiles
32,500
30,000
27,500
25,000
1991-2008: 1% increase in auto volumes
Increases in mobility borne by bicycle traffic
22,500
20,000
1991 1992
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
2008
Year
18
Traffic Management: Portland, Oregon
40,000
Hawthorne Bridge
37,500
Total # of Vehicles
35,000
32,500
30,000
27,500
25,000
22,500
20,000
1991 1992
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
2008
Year
19
Traffic Management: Boulder, Colorado
Twenty years of consistent
investment:
• SOV trips  7% since
1990
• Bicycle commuting is
~20x nat’l average
• Transit use is 2x nat’l
average
• Walk trips are 3x nat’l
average
Dan Burden
20
Traffic Management: Vancouver, British
Columbia
City of Vancouver, BC
Reallocated 1 lane on Burrard Bridge
+200,000 bicycle trips, no significant impact on autos
21
User Fees: National
U.S. PIRG
Only 1/2 of a road’s cost is paid by user fees.
22
User Fees: Seattle
General Fund
12%
29%
4%
Gas Tax
23%
12%
Debt
Cumulative Reserve
Fund
Bridging the Gap
18%
2%
Reimbursables
23
User Fees: Boulder, Colorado
Just 11% of
transportation
budget is from the
state highway
user’s tax.
Dan Burden
24
User Fees: Complete Streets Better for
Drivers
Some people will
choose not to drive =
roads are safer and
more convenient for
drivers
Smart Growth America is the only national organization dedicated to researching,
ating for and leading coalitions to bring smart growth practices to more communities
nationwide.
www.smartgrowthamerica.org
1707 L St. NW Suite 1050, Washington, DC 20036 | 202-207-3355

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