Emergency Support Function (ESF) #10 Oil and Hazardous Materials Response Annex to the National Response Framework May 2014 U.S. EPA Office of Emergency Management What we will cover • What work does ESF #10 do? – Scope of ESF #10 work and related support – Natural disasters – Chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear (CBRN) incidents • How is ESF #10 organized to accomplish its work? – Primary agency designation – Response organization – field and HQ – Special teams and equipment assets • How is ESF #10 work funded? – FEMA/EPA funding agreement Scope of ESF #10 work and related support Scope of ESF #10 Work General • Respond to oil and hazardous materials (hazmat) releases to the environment: – Assess and detect – Prevent, mitigate, minimize – Contain and stabilize – Collect, manage, and dispose – Clean up/decontaminate environment, structures, buildings • Develop site safety plan for oil/hazmat site • ESF #10 doesn’t transition to a National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF) Recovery Support Function (RSF) Scope of ESF #10 Work Natural Disasters • Assess extent of spills/contamination – Aerial asset and mobile labs available (more on this later) – Soil, sediment, air, water monitoring/sampling • Respond to oil/hazmat spills and threats of spills • Remove oil/hazmat from impacted vessels • Collect/dispose “orphaned” containers (e.g., drums, tanks, cylinders) from impact area and debris piles Scope of ESF #10 Work Natural Disasters • Collect/manage household hazardous waste • Collect/manage freon from white goods • Note: ESF #3/USACE may also conduct certain hazmat-related activities when managing natural disaster debris Scope of ESF #10 Work Natural Disasters • Debris support to USACE/states – ESF #10 or ESF #3 subtask – Air monitoring of debris operations/landfills – Landfill monitors to assure compliance with environmental requirements – Technical advice to USACE/states/locals on proper debris management/disposal – Review USACE/state/local debris management plans – Check debris piles for oil/hazmat contamination Scope of ESF #10 Work Natural Disasters A word about animal carcasses: • ESF #3/USACE: – “Debris may also include livestock or poultry carcasses” • ESF #11/USACE Support Agency: – “Debris to include…animal carcasses” • Upcoming Response FIOP: – ESF #10 lead for oil/hazmat-contaminated carcasses (not typical in natural disasters) Scope of ESF #10 Work Natural Disasters Other items to note: • ESF #10 doesn’t include collection/management of firearms • Another key EPA role is water infrastructure support – Covered under ESF #3 for natural disasters Scope of ESF #10 Work CBRN Incidents • Assess/determine extent of contamination – Aerial asset and mobile labs available (more later) – Soil, sediment, air, water, structure, building monitoring/sampling – Real-time environmental monitoring – Sampling and laboratory analysis – Note: Laboratory capacity to analyze samples may become a critical factor Scope of ESF #10 Work CBRN Incidents • Contain/stabilize contamination as possible • Develop and implement appropriate cleanup – Removal/excavation, decontamination, etc. • Manage wastes • Coordinate with ESF #8 on risk to public health – Potential need to also coordinate with ESF #8 to track off-site contamination to ID individuals needing medical attention by ESF #8 and areas needing environmental cleanup by ESF #10 • Note: Public decontamination and contaminated fatality management not within ESF #10 scope – ESF #10 decons environment/buildings/structures/cars, not general public or contaminated fatalities Scope of ESF #10 Work CBRN Incidents • ESF #10 expects to need to increase its coordination with JFO UCG and other ESFs/RSFs for CBRN incidents: – ESF #10 information on type and extent of contamination may be needed for many tasks, e.g.: • • • • Identify safe ingress/egress routes for public/responders Identify need for evacuations and relocations Support safety for S&R and other on-site teams Identify areas where support facilities may be located Scope of ESF #10 Work CBRN Incidents • ESF #10 information on status of environmental/structural cleanup efforts will be needed by other ESFs/RSFs conducting short- and long-term recovery activities, e.g.: – Status of decontamination/cleanup of critical infrastructure – Status of decontamination/cleanup of other residential, business, and government areas Scope of ESF #10 Work CBRN Incidents EPA/USACE/FEMA Contaminated Debris MOU (2010) • CBRN blast/explosion incidents create debris field – Is it “debris” (ESF #3) or is it “hazmat” (ESF #10)?? • MOU clarifies ESF #3 and #10 roles • CBRN contamination from non-blast/explosion scenarios led by ESF #10 and outside MOU scope Scope of ESF #10 Work CBRN Incidents Contaminated Debris MOU (cont) • ESF #3 Lead Responsibilities – in coordination with ESF #10: – Emergency phase debris clearance – Assessment of structural instability and stabilization of structures – Building demolition Scope of ESF #10 Work CBRN Incidents Contaminated Debris MOU (cont) • ESF #10 Lead Responsibilities: – Minimize/stabilize release – Detect/assess contamination – Analyze/implement options for environmental and structural cleanup (including management of debris remaining after emergency phase) – Manage waste Scope of ESF #10 Work Nuc/Rad Incidents Nuclear/Radiological Incident Annex • Identifies specialized federal interagency teams that may be activated: – Federal Radiological Monitoring and Assessment Center (FRMAC) – Advisory Team for Environment, Food, and Health (Advisory Team) – Nuclear Incident Response Team (NIRT) Scope of ESF #10 Work Nuc/Rad Incidents FRMAC • Mission: Coordination of environmental radiological monitoring, sampling, assessment (not cleanup!) • Includes several federal agencies • DOE leads initially, transitions to EPA for site cleanup • EPA deploys its FRMAC assets under ESF #10 – DOE deploys its FRMAC assets under ESF #12 • Close coordination and integration of FRMAC and ESF #10 UC functions critical for common operating picture of radiological and other hazmat releases Scope of ESF #10 Work Nuc/Rad Incidents Advisory Team • EPA provides representative under ESF #10 NIRT • Established by Homeland Security Act • Gives DHS authority to decide to activate and manage certain DOE and EPA radiological response assets • EPA expects to deploy its NIRT assets through ESF #10 MA process when NIRT activated Scope of ESF #10 Work Worker S&H for Natural Disasters and CBRN • NRF Worker S&H Support Annex led by OSHA – Coordinates federal support for worker S&H management activities – Addresses broader worker S&H issues for entire response, e.g., physical hazards, heat exhaustion – Also includes advising on oil/hazmat issues – EPA/USCG are support agencies • ESF #10 develops a worker S&H plan for its oil/hazmat response area – Coordinates with Worker S&H Support Annex as needed – OSHA also a support agency under ESF #10 Scope of ESF #10 Work General • ESF #10 has Pre-Scripted Mission Assignments (PSMAs) that can be tailored to incident • Developed more for natural disasters • No CBRN-specific PSMAs yet ESF #10 Response Organization ESF #10 Response Organization Overview Coordinating Agency EPA Primary Agencies EPA USCG Support Agencies USDA DOC DOD DOE HHS DHS DOI DOJ DOL DOS DOT GSA NRC ESF #10 Response Organization Overview ESF #10 Leadership Inland zone EPA primary agency Coastal zone (including Great Lakes) USCG primary agency Actions affecting both inland and coastal zones EPA primary/ USCG deputy ESF #10 Response Organization Overview • ESF #10 uses the response structure and coordinating mechanisms that were established under the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan • Commonly known as National Contingency Plan or NCP • A regulation that implements oil/hazmat planning and response authorities of 2 laws: – Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund) – Clean Water Act/Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (CWA/OPA) ESF #10 Response Organization Key Components ESF #10 On-Scene Incident Commanders (ICs): • EPA/USCG Federal On-Scene Coordinators (OSCs) ESF #10 Coordination Structures: • 13 Regional Response Teams • National Response Team • EPA Regional/USCG District EOCs • EPA HQ/USCG HQ EOCs Other On-Scene and Reachback Support for ESF #10 ICs: • Special Teams • Federal IMAT personnel • Federal contractors EPA/USCG ESF #10 Response Coordination ESF #10 Response Organization EPA Regions & Special Teams 10* 10 10* 10* 1 5* 5* 5 9 9 8 5* 2 7 1 7 7* 3* 3* 4* 4 4 6 2 4 2* National Enforcement Investigations Center Denver, CO * denotes field office CBRN CMAD EPA Headquarters Washington, DC 2 1 3* 3 3 Regional Offices and Field Offices 1 Boston, MA 2 New York, NY 2* Puerto Rico 3* Allentown, PA 3 Philadelphia, PA 3* Wheeling, WV 3* Richmond, VA 4 Atlanta, GA 4* Tampa, FL 4 Raleigh, NC 4 Louisville, KY 5 Chicago, IL 5* Charlesville, IL 5* Cincinnati, OH 5* Cleveland, OH 5* Grosse Ile, MI 6 Dallas, TX 7 Kansas City, MO 7* St. Louis, MO 8 Denver, CO 9 San Francisco, CA 9* Los Angeles, CA 10* Seattle, WA 10* Portland, OR 10* Boise, ID Anchorage, AK Radiation Labs 1. Las Vegas, NV 2, Montgomery, AL Environmental Response Team 1 Edison, NJ 2 Cincinnati, OH 3 Las Vegas, NV ESF #10 Response Organization USCG Districts and Strike Teams NST Locations NSFCC Location ESF #10 Response Organization On-Scene Components EPA/USCG Federal OSCs = ESF #10 Incident Commanders • ~240 EPA OSCs and ~35 USCG OSCs with experience and delegated authority to manage incidents • OSCs have extensive working relationships with federal, state, and local responders • ESF #10 UC also staffed by: – Other trained EPA/USCG and support agency IMAT personnel – Federal contractors – Special teams ESF #10 Response Organization Special Teams EPA - Environmental Response Team (ERT) EPA - Radiological Emergency Response Team (RERT) EPA – National Criminal Enforcement Response Team (NCERT) EPA - CBRN Consequence Management Advisory Division (CMAD) USCG - National Strike Force (NSF) USCG - Incident Management Assistance Team (IMAT) USCG - Public Information Assist Team (PIAT) OSHA – Specialized Response Teams NOAA & EPA - Scientific Support Coordinators (SSCs) Navy SUPSALV Other teams ESF #10 Response Organization Special Teams: EPA’s Environmental Response Team (ERT) • Focus: “Classic Environmental” Emergencies – – – – – Sampling/Monitoring Characterization Hazard Evaluation Risk Assessment/Safety Decontamination/Disposal • 33 experienced responders/50+ trained contractors • Key Assets include TAGAs, mobile labs, Dive Team, Specialized Rad Gear, Info Management Platforms 32 ESF #10 Response Organization Special Teams: EPA’s Radiological Emergency Response Team (RERT) • May deploy on own to support FRMAC • 27 person forward team (All Feds/No Contractor Support) • Focus: Radiation Monitoring and Evaluation – Sampling/Monitoring – Hazard Evaluation – Planning Decontamination – Risk Assessment – Lab Analysis – Characterization – Clean up – Waste Disposal • Key Assets include RadNet System, MERL, Scanner Vans, deployables 33 ESF #10 Response Organization Special Teams: EPA’s National Criminal Enforcement Response Team (NCERT) • 30 special agents and law enforcement specialists stationed around the United States • Liaison between OSC and FBI; also supports ESF #13 for EPA • Focus: Forensic Evidence Collection and EPA Protective Escorts – Level-A through D Capabilities – All-Hazards – Force Protection with Firearms 34 ESF #10 Response Organization Special Teams: EPA’s CBRN Consequence Management Advisory Division (CMAD) Mission: Provides scientific and technical expertise for all phases of CBRN environmental consequence management Focus: Operational preparedness for CBRN agents. Maintain ASPECT aircraft and PHILIS labs. Support: All phases of CBRN environmental response, including characterization, decontamination, clearance and waste management Buildings, infrastructure, indoor and outdoor environments, transportation sectors Airborne Spectral Photometric Environmental Collection Technology ASPECT Program -Remote-Sensing & ImageryChemical, Radiological & Situational Awareness NATION’S ONLY! ESF #10 Response Organization ASPECT: Operational Concept • • • • Provide a readiness level on a 24/7 basis Provide a simple, one phone call activation of the aircraft Wheels up in under 1 hour from the time of activation Once onsite and data is collected it takes about…. ~ 5 minutes to process and turn around data to first responders • Deployment Simplified: • Once on-scene, collect chemical, radiological, or situational data (imagery) using established collection procedures • Process all data within the aircraft using tested automated algorithms • Extract the near real time data from the aircraft using a broadband satellite system and rapidly QA/QC the data by a dedicated scientific reachback team • Team provides the qualified data to the first responder enabling them to make 37 informed decisions in minimal time ESF #10 Response Organization ASPECT: Types of Deployments • • • • • • • Pre-Deployments to NSSEs/SERE (Presidential Inauguration, Rose Bowl, Super Bowl, 9/11 Anniversary) Hurricane Sandy West Texas Explosion Halliburton Lost Source Field Exercises with NGB WMD-CSTs & DOE Deepwater Horizon Chem & Rad Urban Background Surveys Program Costs The cost per flight hour is less than $1,300. There is no additional cost for data processing and QA/QC since the federal employees who run the team are getting paid regardless. 38 ESF #10 Response Organization ASPECT: Multi-Hazard Identification/Reporting Concept Aerial Image Chemical ID/Concentration Radiological Map Base Map IR Plume Image A single pass of the aircraft produces a data set that permits mapping, aerial photography, Infrared imaging, chemical identification and radiological detection. These products can be generated in under 5 minutes and transmitted to the Incident Commander using the SatCom Link. ESF #10 Response Organization ASPECT: Oil Detection RED (surface oil) GREEN (mixed oil/water) BLUE/CYAN (water/land/other) Skimming Vessel Heavy Sheen Thick Oil Survey area ≈ 700m x 2100m 40 ESF #10 Response Organization Special Teams: USCG • National Strike Teams (NSTs) – Atlantic – Gulf – Pacific • National Strike Force Coordination Center (NSFCC) • Incident Management Assistance Team (IMAT) – USCG Public Information Assist Team (PIAT) ESF #10 Response Organization Special Teams – DoD’s Navy Supervisor of Salvage & Diving (SUPSALV) • Ship Salvage/Wreck Removal • Salvage & Ocean Engineering/Technical Support • Deep Ocean Search & Recovery • Diving • Waterborne Pollution Response/Recovery ESF #10 Response Organization Coordination, Support, and Oversight Components • 13 Regional Response Teams (RRTs) – Ten standard federal regions, plus Alaska, Oceania, and Caribbean – 15 federal agencies - ESF #10 primary and support agencies plus states/tribes – Co-chaired by EPA and USCG • National Response Team (NRT) – 15 federal agencies - ESF #10 primary and support agencies – EPA chairs for ESF #10 response, unless solely coastal • Neither RRT nor NRT deploy to site ESF #10 Response Organization Coordination, Support, and Oversight Components • EPA Regions and EOCs + USCG Districts and EOCs – – – – Coordinate deployments to RRCC/JFO and ESF #10 UCs Oversee and support ESF #10 UCs Coordinate with EPA/USCG HQs Activate RRTs when needed • EPA HQ and EOC + USCG HQ and EOC – Coordinate deployments to NRCC – Monitor all ESF #10 deployments, more robust activation for more significant incidents – Policy direction, oversight and support as appropriate – Activate NRT when needed ESF #10 Funding ESF #10 Funding Agreement FEMA Policy Number: 9523.8 • FEMA Response and Recovery Directorate Policy Number: 9523.8 – Aka: “Suiter-Makris agreement” • Funded thru CERCLA/Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund: – Pre-existing oil/hazmat sites under the NCP ESF #10 Funding Agreement Stafford Act Funded • • • • • Pre-deployment teams Orphan containers Household hazardous waste Technical assistance to states Pumping contaminated water from basements when widespread threat to public health • Initial assessments to determine if immediate H&S threat exists • Control/stabilization of oil/hazmat releases to deal with immediate public H&S threats • Cleanup/disposal of hazmat necessary to mitigate immediate public H&S threats • Monitoring of immediate H&S threats from debris removal operations ESF #10 Funding Agreement Stafford Act May fund thru Stafford Act • Cleanup/removal of oil/hazmat contamination in buildings/facilities otherwise eligible for FEMA assistance – e.g., subway decontamination following terrorist incident Will not fund thru Stafford Act • Testing/assessments of soil/air/waterways for mold/contaminants to determine long-term cleanup requirements • Long-term remediation/restoration • Permanent storage of hazmat • Clean/replace equipment damaged/contaminated during long-term cleanup • State/local costs for long-term cleanup Questions?