Unit 4 Exam Review

Report
Chapter 5 – The Periodic Table
Question 1
The number 97 represents:
a. the atomic number c. the year Berkelium
was discovered
b. the atomic mass
d. the density
Question 1
The number 97 represents:
a. the atomic number c. the year Berkelium
was discovered
b. the atomic mass
d. the density
Question 2
What do the letters Bk
represent in the above
figure?
a. The highest filled
electron cloud
c. The family of berkelium
b. The period of berkelium d. The chemical symbol of
berkelium
Question 2
What do the letters Bk
represent in the above
figure?
a. The highest filled
electron cloud
c. The family of berkelium
b. The period of berkelium d. The chemical symbol of
berkelium
Question 3
The number 247.00 in the
above figure represents:
a. The atomic mass
b. The density
c. The electrons
d. The atomic number
Question 3
The number 247.00 in the
above figure represents:
a. The atomic mass
b. The density
c. The electrons
d. The atomic number
Question 4
The atomic mass of an element
is:
a. Protons plus
c. The number of
electrons
protons
b. Twice the number of d. Protons plus neutrons
protons
Question 4
The atomic mass of an element
is:
a. Protons plus
c. The number of
electrons
protons
b. Twice the number of d. Protons plus neutrons
protons
Question 5
The unit for atomic mass is the:
a. gram
b. pound
c. atomic mass unit
d. newton
Question 5
The unit for atomic mass is the:
a. gram
b. pound
c. atomic mass unit
d. newton
Question 6
Mendeleev arranged the known chemical
elements in a table according to increasing
a. atomic number
b. number of protons
c. mass
d. number of electrons
Question 6
Mendeleev arranged the known chemical
elements in a table according to increasing
a. atomic number
b. number of protons
c. mass
d. number of electrons
Question 7
When moving from left to right across a row of the
periodic table, which of the following values
increases by exactly one from element to element?
a. atomic mass unit
b. mass number
c. atomic number
d. isotope number
Question 7
When moving from left to right across a row of the
periodic table, which of the following values
increases by exactly one from element to element?
a. atomic mass unit
b. mass number
c. atomic number
d. isotope number
Question 8
In the periodic table, the periods are the
a. blocks of similar
elements
b. chemical families
c. vertical columns
d. horizontal rows
Question 8
In the periodic table, the periods are the
a. blocks of similar
elements
b. chemical families
c. vertical columns
d. horizontal rows
Question 9
The figure below shows a portion of a blank periodic
table. Identify the segments labeled A and B.
a. A and B are both groups
b. A is a group and B is a
period
c. A and B are both periods
d. A is a period and B is a
group
Question 9
The figure below shows a portion of a blank periodic
table. Identify the segments labeled A and B.
a. A and B are both groups
b. A is a group and B is a
period
c. A and B are both periods
d. A is a period and B is a
group
Question 10
Region 1 in the periodic table above is known as:
a. the alkali metals
b. the transition metals
c. the halogens
d. the metalloids
Question 10
Region 1 in the periodic table above is known as:
a. the alkali metals
b. the transition metals
c. the halogens
d. the metalloids
Question 11
Region 2 in the periodic table above is known as:
a. the transition metals
b. the halogens
c. the alkali metals
d. the metalloids
Question 11
Region 2 in the periodic table above is known as:
a. the transition metals
b. the halogens
c. the alkali metals
d. the metalloids
Question 12
Region 3 in the periodic table above is known as:
a. the transition metals
b. the alkali metals
c. the metalloids
d. the halogens
Question 12
Region 3 in the periodic table above is known as:
a. the transition metals
b. the alkali metals
c. the metalloids
d. the halogens
Question 13
Region A in the periodic table above contains
a. the metalloids
c. nonmetals
b. mostly metals
d. all metals
Question 13
Region A in the periodic table above contains
a. the metalloids
c. nonmetals
b. mostly metals
d. all metals
Question 14
Region B in the periodic table above contains
a. nonmetals
c. the metalloids
b. all metals
d. mostly metals
Question 14
Region B in the periodic table above contains
a. nonmetals
c. the metalloids
b. all metals
d. mostly metals
Question 15
Region C in the periodic table above contains
a. the metalloids
c. nonmetals
b. all metals
d. mostly metals
Question 15
Region C in the periodic table above contains
a. the metalloids
c. nonmetals
b. all metals
d. mostly metals
Question 16
How many valence electrons do members of the
boron family have?
a. One
b. Two
c. Five
d. Three
Question 16
How many valence electrons do members of the
boron family have?
a. One
b. Two
c. Five
d. Three
Question 17
The elements located in group 7A of the periodic
table (also known as group 17) are called the:
a. halogens
b. noble gases
c. alkaline earth metals
d. alkali metals
Question 17
The elements located in group 7A of the periodic
table (also known as group 17) are called the:
a. halogens
b. noble gases
c. alkaline earth metals
d. alkali metals
Question 18
The elements in group 8A (also known as column
18) of the periodic table are called:
a. alkali metals
b. noble gases
c. alkaline earth metals
d. halogens
Question 18
The elements in group 8A (also known as column
18) of the periodic table are called:
a. alkali metals
b. noble gases
c. alkaline earth metals
d. halogens
Question 19
Which of the following categories includes the
majority of the elements?
a. Metalloids
b. Metals
c. Liquids
d. Nonmetals
Question 19
Which of the following categories includes the
majority of the elements?
a. Metalloids
b. Metals
c. Liquids
d. Nonmetals
Question 20
Which list of elements contains only metals?
a. Potassium, calcium,
sodium
b. Oxygen, nitrogen,
chlorine
c. Potassium, sodium,
oxygen
d. Nitrogen, potassium,
calcium
Question 20
Which list of elements contains only metals?
a. Potassium, calcium,
sodium
b. Oxygen, nitrogen,
chlorine
c. Potassium, sodium,
oxygen
d. Nitrogen, potassium,
calcium
Question 21
Which of the following is a transition metal?
a. Boron
b. Copper
c. Nitrogen
d. Potassium
Question 21
Which of the following is a transition metal?
a. Boron
b. Copper
c. Nitrogen
d. Potassium
Question 22
Malleability and ductility are characteristics of:
a. nonmetals
b. metalloids
(semimetals)
c. all elements
d. metals
Question 22
Malleability and ductility are characteristics of:
a. nonmetals
b. metalloids
(semimetals)
c. all elements
d. metals
Question 23
Elements that share properties of both metals and
nonmetals are called
a. noble gases
b. metalloids
c. alkali metals
d. ions
Question 23
Elements that share properties of both metals and
nonmetals are called
a. noble gases
b. metalloids
c. alkali metals
d. ions
Question 24
Nonmetals tend to be
a. malleable
b. good conductors of
heat
c. brittle
d. ductile
Question 24
Nonmetals tend to be
a. malleable
b. good conductors of
heat
c. brittle
d. ductile
Question 25
Elements that belong to the same group have
the same number of
a. electron shells
b. valence electrons
c. total electrons
d. inner electrons
Question 25
Elements that belong to the same group have
the same number of
a. electron shells
b. valence electrons
c. total electrons
d. inner electrons
Question 26
Looking at the alkali metals, the ability to react
with other substances:
a. varies in an
unpredictable way
b. does not change
among members of
the group
c. decreases from top to
bottom within the
group
d. increases from top to
bottom within the
group
Question 26
Looking at the alkali metals, the ability to react
with other substances:
a. varies in an
unpredictable way
b. does not change
among members of
the group
c. decreases from top to
bottom within the
group
d. increases from top to
bottom within the
group
Question 27
Which halogen is most likely to react?
a. bromine (Br)
b. fluorine (F)
c. chlorine (Cl)
d. iodine (I)
Question 27
Which halogen is most likely to react?
a. bromine (Br)
b. fluorine (F)
c. chlorine (Cl)
d. iodine (I)
Question 28
Sodium reacts very violently when it comes in
contact with water. Based on periodic trends,
which of the following elements would be most
dangerous to drop in water since it would react
the fastest and most violently?
a. Hydrogen
b. Lithium
c. Potassium
d. Cesium
Question 28
Sodium reacts very violently when it comes in
contact with water. Based on periodic trends,
which of the following elements would be most
dangerous to drop in water since it would react
the fastest and most violently?
a. Hydrogen
b. Lithium
c. Potassium
d. Cesium
Question 29
Two highly
reactive
elements in
period 2 are
the metal
lithium and
the nonmetal:
a. Fluorine
b. Boron
c. Neon
d. Arsenic
Question 29
Two highly
reactive
elements in
period 2 are
the metal
lithium and
the nonmetal:
a. Fluorine
b. Boron
c. Neon
d. Arsenic
Question 30
Group 7A
(column 17)
of the
periodic
table
contains the
a. most reactive metals c. least reactive metals
b. least reactive
d. most reactive
nonmetals
nonmetals
Question 30
Group 7A
(column 17)
of the
periodic
table
contains the
a. most reactive metals c. least reactive metals
b. least reactive
d. most reactive
nonmetals
nonmetals
Question 31
Atoms of the
most
reactive
elements
tend to have
a. four or five valence
electrons
b. no valence electrons
c. one or seven valence
electrons
d. eight valence electrons
Question 31
Atoms of the
most
reactive
elements
tend to have
a. four or five valence
electrons
b. no valence electrons
c. one or seven valence
electrons
d. eight valence electrons
Question 32
As you move from LEFT to RIGHT across a
period, the number of valence electrons
a. stays the same
b. increases and then
decreases
c. increases
d. decreases
Question 32
As you move from LEFT to RIGHT across a
period, the number of valence electrons
a. stays the same
b. increases and then
decreases
c. increases
d. decreases
Question 33
Compared with group 2A, the elements in group
5A have
a. more valence
electrons
b. more atoms
c. fewer valence
electrons
d. more isotopes
Question 33
Compared with group 2A, the elements in group
5A have
a. more valence
electrons
b. more atoms
c. fewer valence
electrons
d. more isotopes
Question 34
Which element is the most reactive?
a. Francium (Fr)
b. Lithium (Li)
c. Potassium (K)
d. Sodium (Na)
Question 34
Which element is the most reactive?
a. Francium (Fr)
b. Lithium (Li)
c. Potassium (K)
d. Sodium (Na)
Question 35
Which one of the following is the most reactive?
a. Chlorine (Cl)
b. Iodine (I)
c. Fluorine (F)
d. Bromine (Br)
Question 35
Which one of the following is the most reactive?
a. Chlorine (Cl)
b. Iodine (I)
c. Fluorine (F)
d. Bromine (Br)
Question 36
The amount of energy needed to remove an
electron is
a. Electronegativity
b. Reactivity
c. Ionization Energy
d. Atomic Radius
Question 36
The amount of energy needed to remove an
electron is
a. Electronegativity
b. Reactivity
c. Ionization Energy
d. Atomic Radius
Question 37
The ability of an atom to attract or gain an electron
is
a. Electron Activity
b. Electronegativity
c. Ionization Energy
d. Reactivity
Question 37
The ability of an atom to attract or gain an electron
is
a. Electron Activity
b. Electronegativity
c. Ionization Energy
d. Reactivity
Question 38
Ionization Energy across a period
a. Increases from left to c. Increases from right
right
to left
b. Decreases from left d. Does not change
to right
across a period
Question 38
Ionization Energy across a period
a. Increases from left to c. Increases from right
right
to left
b. Decreases from left d. Does not change
to right
across a period
Question 39
Electronegativity within a group
a. Increases from top
to bottom
b. Increases from
bottom to top
c. Decreases from
bottom to top
d. Does not change
within a group
Question 39
Electronegativity within a group
a. Increases from top
to bottom
b. Increases from
bottom to top
c. Decreases from
bottom to top
d. Does not change
within a group
Question 40
Which one of the following elements has the
highest Ionization Energy?
a. Lithium (Li)
b. Francium (Fr)
c. Potassium (K)
d. Cesium (Cs)
Question 40
Which one of the following elements has the
highest Ionization Energy?
a. Lithium (Li)
b. Francium (Fr)
c. Potassium (K)
d. Cesium (Cs)
Question 41
Which one of the following elements has the
lowest Ionization Energy?
a. Lithium (Li)
b. Francium (Fr)
c. Potassium (K)
d. Cesium (Cs)
Question 41
Which one of the following elements has the
lowest Ionization Energy?
a. Lithium (Li)
b. Francium (Fr)
c. Potassium (K)
d. Cesium (Cs)
Question 42
Which one of the following elements has the
highest Electronegativity?
a. Chlorine (Cl)
b. Fluorine (F)
c. Neon (N)
d. Bromine (Br)
Question 42
Which one of the following elements has the
highest Electronegativity?
a. Chlorine (Cl)
b. Fluorine (F)
c. Neon (N)
d. Bromine (Br)
Question 43
Which one of the following elements has the
lowest Electronegativity?
a. Chlorine (Cl)
b. Fluorine (F)
c. Neon (N)
d. Bromine (Br)
Question 43
Which one of the following elements has the
lowest Electronegativity?
a. Chlorine (Cl)
b. Fluorine (F)
c. Neon (N)
d. Bromine (Br)
Question 44
Which one of the following elements has the
largest atomic radius?
a. Francium (Fr)
b. Cesium (Cs)
c. Uranium (U)
d. Radon (Rn)
Question 44
Which one of the following elements has the
largest atomic radius?
a. Francium (Fr)
b. Cesium (Cs)
c. Uranium (U)
d. Radon (Rn)
Question 45
Which one of the following elements has the
smallest atomic Radius?
a. Lithium (Li)
b. Francium (Fr)
c. Hydrogen (H)
d. Helium (He)
Question 45
Which one of the following elements has the
smallest atomic Radius?
a. Lithium (Li)
b. Francium (Fr)
c. Hydrogen (H)
d. Helium (He)

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