tia10e_ch04_ppt - Computer and Information Science

Report
Technology
in Action
Alan Evans • Kendall Martin
Mary Anne Poatsy
Tenth Edition
Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
Technology in Action
Chapter 4
Application Software:
Programs That Let You Work and Play
Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall
Chapter Topics
• The Nuts and Bolts of Software
• Productivity and Business Software
• Multimedia and Entertainment Software
• Managing Your Software
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2
The Nuts and Bolts of Software
• Software refers to a set of instructions that
tells the computer what to do
• Provides a means for us to interact with
and use the computer
• Two basic types of software
– Application software
– System software
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3
The Nuts and Bolts of Software
(cont.)
• New computes come with preinstalled
software
– Operating system
– Some application software
• Two types of software you can install on
your computer
– Proprietary (or commercial) software
– Open source software
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4
The Nuts and Bolts of Software
(cont.)
• Software as a Service (SaaS)
– Web-based applications
– Allow you to collaborate online with others
– Not as fully featured as installable
counterparts
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5
Productivity and Business Software
• Productivity software
– Word processing
– Spreadsheet
– Presentation
– Database
– Personal information manager
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6
Productivity and Business Software
Buying Productivity Software
• Software suite
– Cheaper than buying
each program
– Available for all types
of software
• Examples
– Microsoft Office 2012
– Apache OpenOffice
– Apple iWork
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7
Productivity and Business Software
Word Processing Software
• Used to create and edit documents
– Research papers
– Class notes
– Résumés
• Microsoft Word: Most popular
• Writer: More affordable option
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8
Productivity and Business Software
Word Processing Software (cont.)
• Basic word processing tools
– Spelling and grammar checking tools
– Thesaurus
– Find-and-replace tool
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Productivity and Business Software
Word Processing Software (cont.)
• Special tools
– Translate words or phrases into another
language
– Automatically correct spelling as you type
– Automatically summarize key points
– Add bibliographical references
– Include illustrations with different picture
styles
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10
Productivity and Business Software
Word Processing Software (cont.)
• Word processing software lets you
– Change fonts, font styles, and sizes
– Add colors to text
– Adjust margins and borders
– Insert bulleted and numbered lists
– Organize text into columns
– Insert pictures from your own files and from a
gallery
– Create an interesting background or add a
theme
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11
Productivity and Business Software
Spreadsheet Software
• Performs
calculations and
numerical analyses
• Examples
– Microsoft Excel
– OpenOffice Calc
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12
Productivity and Business Software
Spreadsheet Software (cont.)
• Basic element is the worksheet, a grid
consisting of columns and rows
• Types of data that can be entered into a
cell
– Text
– Values and dates
– Formulas
– Functions
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13
Productivity and Business Software
Spreadsheet Software (cont.)
• Spreadsheet applications let you create
charts
– Basic column charts
– Pie charts
– Line charts
– Stock charts
– Scatter charts
– Custom Charts
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14
Productivity and Business Software
Spreadsheet Software (cont.)
• Sparklines: New in Excel 2010; small
charts that fit into a single cell and make it
easy to show data trends
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15
Productivity and Business Software
Presentation Software
• Used to create a slide show
• Example
– Microsoft PowerPoint
• New capabilities in PowerPoint 2012
– Embed online videos
– Add effects
– Trim video clips without using a separate
video-editing program
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16
Productivity and Business Software
Presentation Software (cont.)
• Tips for designing good presentations
– Be careful with color
– Use bullets for key points
– Use images
– Consider font size and style
– Keep animation and background audio to a
minimum
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17
Productivity and Business Software
Database Software
• Used to store and organize data
• Organized into fields, records, and tables
• Used by businesses to keep track of
products, clients, invoices, and personnel
information
• Business information can be available to
home computer user
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18
Productivity and Business Software
Note-taking Software
• Note-taking and organizational tool used
for research, brainstorming, collaboration,
and organizing information
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19
Productivity and Business Software
Note-taking Software (cont.)
• Example
– Microsoft OneNote
• Organize and maintain lecture notes
• Write directly on tablet
• Convert handwritten notes to digital text
• Integrated web links
• Audio or video can be added
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20
Productivity and Business Software
Personal Information Manager Software
• Help manage e-mail, contacts, calendars,
and tasks
• Example - Microsoft Outlook
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21
Productivity and Business Software
Personal Information Manager Software (cont.)
• Web-based PIMs
– Yahoo!
– Google
• Other options
– Toodledo
– OmniFocus
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22
Productivity and Business Software
Microsoft Office Productivity Software Features
• Tools to increase efficiency
– Wizards
• Step-by-step guides to complete a task
– Templates
• Predesigned forms included with productivity
software
– Macros
• Small programs that group a series of
commands to run as a single command
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23
Productivity and Business Software
Personal Financial Software
• Financial planning software
– Helps manage daily finances
– Include electronic checkbook registers and
automatic bill payment tools
– Examples
• Quicken and Mint: Market leaders
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24
Productivity and Business Software
Personal Financial Software (cont.)
• Tax preparation software
– Financial planning applications coordinate
– Examples
• Intuit Turbo Tax and H&R Block at Home
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25
Productivity and Business Software
Small Business Software
• Accounting software
– Track accounts receivable and accounts
payable
– Inventory management, payroll and billing
– Examples
• Intuit QuickBooks and Sage Peachtree
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26
Productivity and Business Software
Small Business Software
• Desktop publishing (DTP) software
– Used to design books and other publications
that require complex layouts
– Examples
• Microsoft Publisher, QuarkXPress, Adobe InDesign
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27
Productivity and Business Software
Small Business Software (cont.)
• Web page-authoring software
– Used to design web pages without knowing
HTML code
– Examples
• Microsoft Expression Web and Adobe
Dreamweaver
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28
Productivity and Business Software
Software for Large and Specialized Businesses
• Specialized programs for:
– Project management
– Customer relationship management (CRM)
– Enterprise resource planning (ERP)
– E-commerce
– Marketing and sales
– Finance
– Point of sale
– Security
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29
Productivity and Business Software
Software for Large and Specialized Businesses (cont.)
• Specialized programs for: (cont.)
– Security
– Networking
– Data management
– Human Resources
• Vertical market software
– Software designed for a specific industry
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30
Productivity and Business Software
Software for Large and Specialized Businesses (cont.)
• Computer-aided design (CAD)
– Create automated designs, technical
drawings, and 3-D model visualizations
– Examples
• AutoCad by Autodesk
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31
Productivity and Business Software
Software for Large and Specialized Businesses (cont.)
• Applications for CAD software
– Architects build virtual models
– Engineers design 3-D models
– GPS services
– Medical engineers use CAD to create
anatomically accurate solid models of the
human body
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32
Multimedia and Entertainment
Software
• Multimedia software
– Digital image-editing software
– Video-editing software
– Digital audio software
– Other specialty software to produce computer
games, animations, and movies
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33
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Digital Image- and Video-editing Software
• Image-editing software
• Used to edit photographs and other
images
– Remove red-eye
– Modify contrast
– Sharpness
– Color casts
– Fix scratches
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34
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Digital Image- and Video-editing Software
• Examples
– Adobe Photoshop Elements
– Google Picasa
• Online photo-sharing and photo-storing
sites
– Snapfish
– Kodak
– Shutterfly
– Flickr
– Facebook
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35
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Digital image- and video-editing software (cont.)
• Professional image editors might use
– Adobe Photoshop
– Corel PaintShop Photo Pro
– GIMP
• Designers use sophisticated tools to
create commercial digital images for ads,
books, and CDs
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36
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Digital image- and video-editing software (cont.)
• Video-editing software
• Used to refine videos
• Examples
– Adobe Premiere Pro and Apple’s Final Cut
Pro (expensive)
– Windows Live Movie Maker and iMovie
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37
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Digital Audio Software
• Digital audio files
• Downloaded music files, audiobooks, or
podcasts
– Compressed – smaller, easier to manage
• MP3: Most common format
• AAC
• WMA
– Uncompressed – no data removed, perfect
representation of the audio as recorded
• WAV
• AIFF
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38
Multimedia and Entertainment
Software
Digital Audio Software (cont.)
• Digital audio applications to create and
record audio files
– MAGIX Music Maker
– Apple GarageBand
– Audacity
– Cakewalk SONAR
– AudioAcrobat
• Web-based program
• Audio-editing software
– Includes tools that make editing audio files
easy
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39
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Media Management Software
• Media management
software
– Lets you organize
music, video, pictures,
and even recorded TV
files
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40
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Media Management Software
• Media management software (cont.)
– Examples
• Windows Media Player, Apple iTunes, Winamp
• Most do the following
– MP3 recording
– CD ripping
– CD burning
– Encoding and decoding
– Format conversion
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41
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Gaming Software
• Home users can create custom levels of
characters to extend a game with
– EverQuest
– Oblivion
– Unreal Tournament
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42
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Gaming Software (cont.)
• Home users can create their own games
with
– Unity
– AdobeFlash
– RPG Maker VK
– GameMaker
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43
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Educational and Reference Software
• Software to help you master, study,
design, create, or plan
• Teach skills such as
– Typing
– Languages
– Cooking
– Playing the guitar
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44
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Educational and Reference Software (cont.)
• Test preparation
• Brain-training games and programs
– Improve the health and function of the brain
– Examples
• Lumosity: Online brain-training games
• Brain Age2: Software for Nintendo DS
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45
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Educational and Reference Software (cont.)
• Tutorials for popular computer applications
• Simulation programs
– Commercial and military flight training
– Surgical instrument training
– Machine operation training
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46
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Educational and reference software (cont.)
• Course management software
• Run online classes
• Examples
– Blackboard
– Moodle
– Angel
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47
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Educational and reference software (cont.)
• Collaboration tools
• Facilitate virtual office hour sessions
• Examples
– Whiteboards
– Desktop sharing
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48
Multimedia and Entertainment Software
Drawing Software
• Create
– Two-dimensional, line-based drawings
– Technical diagrams
– Animations
• Professional level
– Adobe Illustrator
• Home and landscape planning
– SketchUp: Simple, web-based
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49
Managing Your Software
Getting Software
• Students
– Educational discount
• Campus computer stores
• College bookstores
• Online software suppliers
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50
Managing Your Software
Getting Software
• Open source
– Butterscotch
– Freeware Home
• Beta versions
– An application that is still under development
– Unlikely to be bug free
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51
Managing Your Software
Software Licenses
• Also known as End User License
Agreement (EULA)
• Agreement between user and the software
company
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52
Managing Your Software
Software Licenses (cont.)
• States the following
– Ultimate owner of software
– If copies can be made
– Number of installations allowed
– Warranties
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53
Managing Your Software
Software Licenses (cont.)
• Single License
– Covers one person’s specific use
• Multiuser licenses might be available
– Use on more than one computer in household
– Business and educational institutions
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54
Managing Your Software
Software Licenses (cont.)
• Open source software
– All users have access to code
– Can be tweaked by users and redistributed
• Free software license
– Grants recipients the right to modify and
redistribute
– Example: Copyleft
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55
Managing Your Software
Getting the Right Software for Your System
• Software programs have sets of system
requirements
– Specify minimum recommended standards
• Upgrade
– Latest version of software
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56
Managing Your Software
Getting the Right Software for Your System (cont.)
• Update
– Provide smaller enhancements or fix program
bugs
• New versions are backward compatible
– Software can recognize files created in older
versions
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57
Managing Your Software
Installing and Uninstalling Software
• Most software must be permanently
installed on your system
– Installing from DVD or Downloading from the
Internet
– Full installation – copies all the most
commonly used files and programs
– Custom installation – you decide which
features to install
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58
Managing Your Software
Installing and Uninstalling Software (cont.)
• Starting software in
Window 8
– Program icon on
Start screen
– Desktop view
– Pin shortcut to
taskbar or Start
screen
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59
Managing Your Software
Installing and Uninstalling Software (cont.)
• Uninstalling software
– Removing a program from the hard drive
– Windows 8
• Right-click icon on Start screen
• Right-click the program in desktop view
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60
Managing Your Software
Installing and Uninstalling Software (cont.)
• Recovering form a computer crash
– Preinstalled software: Not necessary to
reinstall
– Operating system: Must be reinstalled
• Create a system repair disc
– Recovery utility included in Windows
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61
Chapter 4 Summary Questions
1. What’s the difference between application
software and system software?
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62
Chapter 4 Summary Questions
2. What are the different ways I can access
and use software?
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63
Chapter 4 Summary Questions
3. What kinds of applications are included in
productivity software?
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64
Chapter 4 Summary Questions
4. What kinds of software do small and
large businesses use?
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65
Chapter 4 Summary Questions
5. What types of multimedia and
entertainment software are available?
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66
Chapter 4 Summary Questions
6. What’s important to know when buying
software?
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67
Chapter 4 Summary Questions
7. How do I install and uninstall software?
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68
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Copyright © 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.
Publishing as Prentice Hall

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