Infrastructure Development in Turkey: Improving connectivity for

Report
11th Southeast European Freight Forwarders and Logistics Providers Congress
SOUTHEAST EUROPEAN INTERMODALITY
DEVELOPMENT’S PERSPECTIVES FOR THE PORTS IN SOUTH-EAST EUROPE
Infrastructure Development in Turkey:
Improving connectivity for deeper regional integration.
Alp ÇAPA
Arkas Port Services Group
Current Modal
Terminal Constraints
Felixstowe
Bremerhaven
Rotterdam
Turkish Container Terminals
Challenges Faced
The Accomodation of Increasing Vessel Sizes
Year
Average ship size (teu)
Largest ship in world fleet
(teu+max. draft)
1980
975
3,057 - 11.6m
1990
1.335
4,409 - 14.0m
2000
1.824
7,200 - 14.5m
Current
2.377
15,000 - 15.5m
Furthermore;
Changing service patterns in distribution and trade could prevent non hybrid
operators from further investing for hub infrastructure.
Increased focus on improving tariff structure to sustain vendor competitiveness
Regional advantages are there while the disadvantages still remain: Busy traffic
for access to and out of Marmara. The presence of the Marmara Fault Line.
Emerging Markets
In the next decade, we will observe global economic growth driven by emerging
markets.
Not only by just the BRICS nations but by other countries such as Vietnam, Thailand,
Indonesia and also by the shifting wealth and buying power to emerge from reserves-rich
countries like Kazakhistan, Iran, Azerbeijan, Iraq, and Algeria.
Asian economies are growing rapidly and need to access to the potential & emerging
markets efficiently in order to sustain growth.
The current model will not support forever the evergrowing requirements, therefore a
new model must be developed.
Total Current Declared Turkish Container Terminal Capacity: 15.2 million TEU/pa.
Total Potential Declared Turkish Container Terminal Expansion: 7.4 million TEU/pa.
Potential Markets
Region
Region
432
Region5
1
GNI
GNI
per
Capita
[USD]
GNIper
perCapita
Capita[USD]
[USD]
Population
Population
[Millions]
Population[Millions]
[Millions]
GDP
GDP
000]
GDP[$[$
[$000]
000]
26,380
5,390
19,090
33,670
32,620
55
172
128
160
85
409,184
187,023
779,562
1,945,679
554,249
Turkish Container Terminals
Capacity & Development Analysis
Black Sea
Filyos
Samsun
Trabzon
Izmir Alsancak
Ege Gubre
Nemport
APM Aliaga
Baticim
MIP
Candarli
Port of Mersin
Port Akdeniz
Limak
Assan Port
Isdemir
Mediterranean
Marmara Container Terminals
Capacity & Development Analysis
Black Sea
Marport
Mardas
Haydarpasa
Kumport
Akport
Derince
Yilport
Asyaport
Belde Port
Marmara Sea
Evyap
DP Yarimca
Bandirma
Rodaport
Borusan
Yilport Gemlik
Limas
Market Overview: Turkey (TEU)
1996 - 2012
8,000,000
7,000,000
7,2M
6,6M
6,000,000
5,9M
5,000,000
5,2M
4,7M
4,5M
4,000,000
3,8M
3,3M
3,000,000
3,1M
2,5M
2,000,000
2,0M
1,6M
1,000,000
1,2M
1,3M
1,6M
1,3M
900K
0
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Base Country
Logistics Russia
Base
Relay of cargo via all modes of transport
Moldova Ukraine
Consolidation / Re-consolidation
Romania
Bulgaria Warehousing [Climate
Georgia
Controlled]
Azerbaijan
Hungary
Kazakhstan
Uzbekistan
Armenia
Assembly Facilities
Turkmenistan
Tunisia
Pre-delivery checks
inspections
SyriaandIraq
Morocco
Algeria
Libya
Iran
Egypt
Can Turkey play a Base Country Role in the development of such a new model?
Base Country Model
?
Can Turkey play a Base Country Role in the development of such a new model?
YES / IF,
Turkey can timely:
Rehabilitate and ultimately implement double-stack rail roads on NorthSouth (Samsun- Mersin & Iskenderun) and East-West routes.
Re-define logistics bases for determining the correct locations in
the country.
Develop state-of-the-art port infrstructure to facilitate the
network design.
11th Southeast European Freight Forwarders and Logistics Providers Congress
SOUTHEAST EUROPEAN INTERMODALITY
DEVELOPMENT’S PERSPECTIVES FOR THE PORTS IN SOUTH-EAST EUROPE
Infrastructure Development in Turkey:
Improving connectivity for deeper regional integration.
Alp ÇAPA
Arkas Port Services Group

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