ACSM American Fitness Index™ Actively Moving America to Better Health AFI Community Action Guide Overview ACSM American Fitness Index™ ACSM American Fitness Index™ (AFI) focuses on: – Health behaviors – Chronic disease – Health care – Built environment – Recreation – School PE Identifies community strengths & challenges AFI Program Goal Improve the health, fitness and quality of life of Americans by promoting physical activity Helping All Communities AFI data report includes top 50 metro areas Information can help all communities look at same types of data AFI Community Action Guide companion to AFI data report AFI Community Action Guide Easy to read Practical Supports community-based efforts to improve health Guide not How-to Manual Links to resources & tools What’s In the Action Guide? Executive Summary Background about AFI Leadership Coalitions Planning Advocacy Moving Forward Available Online www.americanfitnessindex.org Why Physical Activity? 54% U.S. adults don’t get enough physical activity Inactivity doubles risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes & obesity Annual estimated cost of inactivity $24 to $76 billion Modest increase in activity produces great health benefits Don’t Reinvent the Wheel National Physical Activity Plan identifies 12 states with plans www.physicalactivityplan.org Governor’s Councils on Physical Fitness www.physicalfitness.org/state_councils.html Councils of Government (COGs) Health departments Parks & recreation departments AFI Community Action Guide Who Is the Guide For? People interested in: Community health & wellness Physical activity Smart growth Community planning Parks, open space & recreation Youth services Aging services Leadership Catalysts Engage the community Help recruit coalition Lead policy efforts Help assure sustainability Types of Leaders: Figurehead High profile name Spokesperson Helpful with networking & opening doors Usually limited time available In-kind support Types of Leaders: Active Agenda setting Recruiting others Strategic planning Facilitating Resources Presentations Building sustainability Types of Leaders: Staff Fiscal management Reporting Monitoring Operations Communication Follow-up Primary point of contact Leadership Game Plan Be clear with what you are asking leaders to do Indicate amount of time needed Identify leaders who can share power Identify leaders who can bring resources to the table Coalitions Work to achieve shared goals Represent broad community interests Provide unified direction Work from defined objectives Coalition Functions Community awareness, education & strengthening knowledge Educating policy makers Influencing public & private policy issues Building support for improvements in infrastructure Changing organizational practices Starting Your Coalition Define goals & objectives Determine who should be involved Set up operational processes Building Your Coalition Communicate Listen Determine decision-making process Determine how tasks will be assigned Set processes for follow-up & reporting Recognize & celebrate successes Coalition Pitfalls Lack of clear leadership Competition or conflict No plan unclear goals & Meetings objectives Focus too broad Poor decision-making process Impatience Poor follow-up Inadequate communication Imbalance in authority – – – – Too many Too long Hard-to-get to Too infrequent Not enough funding People turnover & burnout Language & cultural barriers Planning Provides clear focus Supports monitoring and assessment Facilitates new program development Planning Elements Vision: Clear, broad, inspiring, easy to communicate Mission statement: Easy to understand, outcome-oriented, inclusive Objectives: Specific, measurable Strategies: How objectives will be reached Action plan: Detail –who does what, when Needs Assessment Obtaining & analyzing information Determine the status and service needs Asset Mapping What resources exist? People Relationships Infrastructure Financial resources Developing Asset Maps Identify community assets – Address – Category – Telephone number – Website Develop spreadsheet listing assets Map asset locations Wants vs. Needs Wants Needs We want to build a new We need easily accessible, park affordable, and attractive places where people can be physically active We want more streetlights We want to create bicycle lanes We need to address safety issues for pedestrians We need to make our roads safer for bicyclists, and also consider the needs of motorists Gap Analysis Review asset maps: Determine strengths & weaknesses What is missing? What is poorly addressed? Monitoring & Evaluation Helps know progress made toward goals Important to funders Helps measure success Builds trust Considerations Who will use the information? What is being evaluated? What are the evaluation methods? How will information be gathered? How will information be analyzed? How will information be communicated? Public Policy Advocacy Advocacy Education Public Policy Addressing and influencing laws, codes & regulations Rules of Advocacy From the American Public Health Association 1. Get to know legislators 2. Get to know staff 3. Identify partners 4. Know opponents 5. Build relationships 6. Be honest 7. Be polite 8. Know processes 9. Be brief 10.Follow-up Moving Forward Chronic diseases attributable to physical inactivity and unhealthy diets are a “clear and present danger” Focus on prevention Address underlying health risks Focus on community interventions QUESTIONS?