Assessment

Report
Environmental Resources Monitoring
in Lebanon Project
Air Quality Monitoring in Lebanon: A step towards improved
assessment and mitigation of Air Pollution
Prepared by Nour MASRI
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
On the road…
From atmospheric science to policy
A: Atmosphere
B: Impacts
C: Analysis &
policy
Energy Planning
Health and
Risks
Atmospheric
processes
Mobility planning
chemistry
physics
Anthropogeni
c and natural
emissions
Meteorology
Territorial planning
Airborne
concentrations
Visibility
Climate
Spatial variability
Env.
target
Temporal variability
Chemical
composition
PM size
Ecosystem
s
Water
bodies
Rules and
measures to
get emission
reduction
Cost
analysi
s
Building scenario
Copyright Dr. Gabriele Zanini, ENEA, Italy
3
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Understanding air pollution
Understanding
the scale of
the problem
4
Understanding
which sector is
responsible
and its
contribution
The nature of
the problem
Ecorient 2013
How the
measures
work
Understanding
future trends
4-7 June 2013
Factsheet
Project Name
Environmental Resources Monitoring in
Lebanon
Thematic areas
-
Marine and coastal zone monitoring
and management
-
Air quality monitoring
Budget
USD 1,640,000
Funding
Development Cooperation (Hellenic Aid),
Government of Greece
Duration
2 years (2011 – 2013)
Executing partner
Ministry of Environment
Implementing agencies UNEP ROWA and UNDP
5
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Project objectives
Project overall objective:


Improve understanding of the environmental quality in Lebanon and its implications
for the population through the implementation of environmental monitoring on
priority sectors, and

Implement solutions through appropriate management programmes and policy
guidance.
Priority 1
Sustainable management and monitoring
of the coastal and marine sensitive areas
Priority 2
Integrated management of the coastal zone with focus
on socio-economic opportunities
Priority 3
Output 4
6
Air quality assessment and monitoring within urban
areas
Dissemination of project activities and results to
stakeholders in Lebanon
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Outputs
Component
Expected outputs
Priority 1
Priority 2
Coastal Zone Monitoring
and Management
•
•
Assessment report on
coastal and marine
sensitive areas
Management and
Monitoring Programme
Integrated Coastal Zone
Management
•
•
Situational analysis of
land use in the coastal
zone
Strategy for the
enhancement of SocioEconomic opportunities
Priority 3
Urban Air Quality
I. Assessment report incl.
the identification of
Hotspots
II. Air Monitoring
Programme on
hotspots
III. Equipment in place for
continuous monitoring
Policy options for:
• Coastal zone management
• Air quality monitoring and management
Awareness raising and capacity building
7
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Zooming on the
Air Quality Component
Main facts:
. Management:
MoE - UNDP
. Budget:
USD 706,200
. Consultants:
Joint AUB-USJ team
Indicative map
8
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Project Implementation Stakeholders
UNEP
UNDP
MoE
Coordination and
QA/QC of
activities
Coordination channels
Responsibilities/Tasks
9
Selection,
procurement and
training on
operations
Dept. of Air Quality
Dept. of Natural Resources Protection
Dept. of Ecosystems
Local authorities: MoPWT, MoIM, MoI, MoEW,
municipalities and union of municipalities, MPT,
etc.
Research centers: CNRS, USJ, AUB, NDU, etc.
Environmental observatories: TEDO
International organizations: EU, IC,
Direct implementation
Consultant:
AUB-USJ team
Selection:
Competitive, based on submitted technical
proposal
Procurement of required equipment
Selection:
Competitive, based on submitted technical
and financial proposal
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Task 1:
Assess current status of air pollution
Capacity Building
Report
Octobe
Novembe Decembe January
February March
April
May
June
July
August
r Assess current
r
Identify policy options for reducing air pollution
statusr of air
and emissions in key areas
pollution in Lebanon
Establish a monitoring and reporting programme for air pollution
Monitoring
Programme
Assessment Report
Policy Report
10
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Task 2:
Establish a monitoring and reporting
programme
Capacity Building
Report
Octobe
Novembe Decembe January
February March
April
May
June
July
August
r
r status of air
r pollution
Assess
current
Identify policy options for reducing air pollution
in Lebanon
and emissions in key areas
Establish a monitoring and reporting programme for air pollution
Monitoring
Programme
Policy Report
Assessment Report
11
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Task 2:
Identification of the hotspots location

A geostatistic model will allow a spatial
representation of pollution in Lebanon
 Location of the hot spots and their capacity of
retaining major pollutants.

Methodology:


12
GIS mapping and analysis

Definition of the different
urban, suburban, rural areas,
based on the land map of 2007

Location of potential sites
using satellite images provided
by the geographic database of
the Department of Geography
at the USJ
Complementary method for
physicochemical modeling
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Task 3:
Identify policy options for
reducing emissions
Capacity Building
Report
Octobe
Novembe Decembe January
February March
April
May
June
July
August
r
r status of air
r pollution
Assess
current
Identify policy options for reducing air pollution
in Lebanon
and emissions in key areas
Establish a monitoring and reporting programme for air pollution
Monitoring
Programme
Policy Report
Assessment Report
13
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
An initiative in line with the
proposed Clean Air Act

Article 2 of the Draft Clean Air Act


This law aims at protecting the ambient air quality by the understanding,
monitoring, assessment, prevention, control, and surveillance of the ambient
air pollution resulting from human activities…”
Content of the Draft Clean Air Act document:

Part 1 - Understanding, Monitoring, and Assessment

Chapter One: Understanding and Monitoring

Chapter Two: Assessment

Part 2 - Prevention

Part 3 - Control and Surveillance

Part 4 - Information Management And Research and Capacity Building Promotion

Part 5 - Financial Provisions

Part 6 - Extraordinary Procedures, Administrative Measures, Liabilities, and
Sanctions
14
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013

Encompasses 34 articles, including articles related to:

Execution methods of a National Program for Ambient Air Quality Monitoring:

National Network for Ambient Air Quality Monitoring:
 Stationary and mobile stations distributed based on national air quality assessment
 Partnerships with public and private sector for operating and financing the stations
 Database for results are kept by the MoE

National Emissions Inventory

Laboratories approved by the ministry of the environment for air quality samples retrieval
and analysis
Quality Control
•
15
Air Quality Control
and Surveillance
Unit
Periodic National Report on
Ambient Air Quality
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Building the network…

Project Title:

Supply and Installation of Compact Air Quality Monitoring Systems and Related
Components in Beirut, Tripoli, Sidon and Beqaa Regions

Project Reference: LEB/CO ITB/1/13

Project Subjects:

Set 1 – Compact ambient air quality monitoring stations (2x Beirut, Tripoli, Sidon
and Beqaa Valley)

Set 2 – Central data processing and management system

Set 3 – Documentation and training

Contract Date: 22/04/2013

Delivery Time: 120 days (20/08/2013)
16
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Phase 1: Five (5) AQM stations
Beirut 1
Beirut 2
NOx,
X
X
CO
Saida 1
Beqaa 1
X
X
X
X
X
X
SO2
X
X
X
PM10
-2.5
X
X
X
O3
17
Ecorient 2013
X
Tripoli 1
X
X
X
4-7 June 2013
Overview of the ambient air quality monitoring system in Lebanon – Phase 1
Urban and rural Background
Beirut 1
Beirut 2
Saida1
Tripoli 1
Beqaa 1
Automatic air quality analyzers
Real-time measurements
Require maintenance and calibration
SO2
PM10, PM2.5, PM1
O3
NO-NO2-NOx
CO
Environmental Data Acquisition System
(WinIMAGSoftware)
Regular data transfer
Saved in SQL database (Envibase) at MoE
Air quality department at MoE
(data handling, validation, and reporting)
18
Data Output
Reporting
Data sharing
5 minutes averages
Hourly averages
Daily averages
Annual Averages
Monthly reports
Annual reports
Air quality index
Other??
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Progress review on procurement
and training
ID
Task Name
27
28
29
19
Qtr 1, 2013
Jan
Feb
Mar
Tender posting
First posting period - Deadline set at 5 February 2013
Second posting period - Deadline set at 25 February 2013
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
HOW TO INTERACT
WITH ERML?
20
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Project’s key success factors

Accessing needed information from the relevant stakeholders:

GIS and land-use data

Air quality and health-related data

Achieving developments in policies and legislation  Clean Air Act
approved by the CoM on January 2012 and was transferred to the
relevant parliamentary committees!

Engaging the different stakeholders:

Filling-in the gaps at the AQ and epidemiological levels

Information sharing and dissemination of results

Installation and operation of the equipment

Awareness raising at the different levels

Financing of O&M activities and decentralization of the environmental monitoring
activities.
21
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Project challenges and key questions

How to incorporate local activities into a wider national initiative?

How to financially sustain the AQ monitoring activities and ensure O&M
costs?

How to secure the collaboration with local actors on the production and
centralization of the data – What are the most suitable sharing modalities
and mechanisms to be adopted?

How to coordinate data collection on AQ and health to avoid duplication and
ensure production of useful, normalized data (in time and in space)?
22
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013
Thank You
23
Ecorient 2013
4-7 June 2013

similar documents