Citation Styles MUCT 602 Fall 2008 Style Guides A style guide is a book that gives precise details on how to format an academic document for a particular context. It includes information about writing style, research practices, and most helpfully, citation styles. Style Guides The style guide you use in this class will depend upon your discipline. – Academic music and performers will use: • Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7th ed. – Music Educators will use: • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th ed. Citation Styles These rules apply to the bibliography. Footnotes, endnotes, and parenthetical references have completely different requirements that are outlined in your style guide. Following this lecture, you will be expected to use proper citation styles throughout the rest of the semester. Always bring your style guide to class and check it if you have questions. Basic Order of Elements: Turabian Author (lastname, firstname) – subsequent authors’ names in direct order Title: Subtitle Editor, Compiler, Translator – preceded by Edited by, Compiled by, etc. Author of preface, introduction, or foreword, if appropriate Basic Order of Elements: Turabian Number or name of edition, if other than first (2nd, 3rd, rev., enl., etc.) Name of series, volume number Place: publisher, date Format: Turabian First line flush with left margin Subsequent lines are indented – “hanging indent” in most word processing programs; a paragraph format Entries are single-spaced, with one blank line between entries Each main element ends with a period Format: Turabian – Author. Title. Facts of publication. Book and journal titles are italicized; underline only if italics are not available Essay and journal article titles are surrounded by double quotes All significant title and subtitle words are capitalized Basic order of elements: APA Author(s) (lastname, initial(s)) Publication date in parentheses Title of article or essay: Subtitle Name of editor (initial(s). lastname) Title of book Edition information Place: Publisher Format: APA First line is flush with the left margin Subsequent lines are indented Entries are double-spaced Book and journal titles are italicized Unless names, only first word of titles and subtitles capitalized Examples: Books Turabian: Cope, David. New Directions in Music, 5th ed. Dubuque, Iowa: W. C. Brown, 1989. Barzun, Jacques and Henry F. Graf. The Modern Researcher, 4th ed. San Diego, California: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, Inc., 1985. Examples: Books APA: Cope, D. (1989). New directions in music (5th ed.). Dubuque, IA: W. C. Brown. Barzun, J. & Graf, H. F. The modern researcher (4th ed.). San Diego, CA: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, Inc. Journal Articles: Turabian Article title in quotations Journal title in italics/underlined No comma between journal title and volume number Date enclosed in parentheses followed by a colon (:), and page number(s) Journal Articles: APA Article title not formatted Journal title italicized Comma between journal title and volume number Volume number italicized Issue number in parentheses, followed by a comma and page number(s) Example, Journal Article: Turabian Krummel, D. W. “Searching and Sorting on the Slippery Slope: Periodical Publications of Victorian Music.” Notes: Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association 46, no. 3 (March 1990): 593-608. Example, Journal Article: APA Krummel, D. W. (1990). Searching and sorting on the slippery slope: Periodical publications of Victorian music. Notes: Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association, 46(3), 593-608. Online Journal Article: Turabian If based on a print journal, add URL or DOI (digital object identifier) after page numbers. If an article is in an online-only journal, place URL or DOI after volume/issue information. If you have a DOI number, use this in place of the URL. See page 185 for examples. Online Journal Article: APA If based on a print journal, add URL or DOI after page numbers. If an article is in an online-only journal, place URL or DOI after volume/issue information. Example, Online Journal: Turabian Lee, Jin Ha, and J. Stephen Downie. "Survey of Music Information Needs, Uses, and Seeking Behaviours: Preliminary Findings." Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Music Information Retrieval: ISMIR 2004 (2004): 441-446. http://ismir2004.ismir.net/proceedings/p081-page-441paper232.pdf (accessed July 1, 2008). Ward, Jamie, Elias Tsakanikos, and Alice Bray. "Synaesthesia for Reading and Playing Musical Notes." Neurocase 12, no. 1 (2006): 27-34. DOI: 10.1080/13554790500473672 (accessed July 28, 2008). Example, Online Journal: APA Lee, J. H. & Downie, J.S. (2004). Survey of music information needs, uses, and seeking behaviours: Preliminary findings. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Music Information Retrieval: ISMIR 2004, 441-446. http://ismir2004.ismir.net/proceedings/p081-page-441paper232.pdf Ward, J., Tsakanikos, E. & Bray, A. Synaesthesia for reading and playing musical notes. (2006). Neurocase, 12(1), 27-34. doi: 10.1080/13554790500473672 Chapters: Turabian Name of chapter/essay author(s) Title of chapter/essay in double quotes Title of book in italics, preceded by In Editor’s name Facts of publication Chapters: APA Name of author(s) Date of publication Title of chapter Editors, preceded by In Title of book (page numbers) Place: Publisher Example, Chapters: Turabian Shepherd, John. “Difference and Power in Music.” In Musicology and Difference: Gender and Sexuality in Music Scholarship, edited by Ruth A. Solie. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993. Example, Chapters: APA Shepherd, J. (1993). Difference and power in music. In R. A. Solie (Ed.), Musicology and difference: Gender and sexuality in music scholarship (pp. 46-65). Berkeley: University of California Press. Unsigned Encyclopedia Article: Turabian The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Edited by Stanley Sadie. London: Macmillan, 1980. s.v. “Bury, Bernard de.” Unsigned Encyclopedia Article: APA Bernard de Bury. (1980). In S. Sadie. (Ed.), The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians (Vol. 3, pp. 496-497). London: Macmillan. Signed Encyclopedia Article: Turabian Fortune, Nigel. “Zumsteeg, Johann Rudolf.” In The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, edited by Stanley Sadie. London: Macmillan, 1980. Signed Encyclopedia Article: APA Fortune, N. (1980). Zumsteeg, Johann Rudolf. In S. Sadie (Ed.). The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians (Vol. 20, pp. 716-717). London: Macmillan, 1980. Sound Recordings: General Format Turabian: Composer. Title of work. Performer, instrument or ensemble, conductor. Labelname number. APA: Composer. (Date of pressing). Title of work [Artist]. On Title of album [Medium]. Place: Label [label number]. Sound Recordings: Example Turabian Kolb, Barbara. Soundings. L’Ensemble Intercontemporain, Arturo Tamayo, conductor. CRI CD 576. Sound Recordings: Example APA Kolb, Barbara. (n.d.). Soundings [Performed by l’Ensemble Intercontemporain, Arturo Tamayo, conductor]. [CD]. New York: Composers’ Recordings, Inc. [CRI CD-576]. Sound Recordings: 1 Piece Turabian Goeb, Roger. “Two Divertimenti for Two Flutes.” On A Tribute to Otto Luening. Members of the New York Flute Club. CRI CD 561. Sound Recordings: 1 Piece APA Goeb, Roger. (n.d.). Two divertimenti for two flutes [Performed by members of the New York Flute Club]. On A tribute to Otto Luening [CD]. New York: Composers Recordings, Inc. [CRI CD-530]. Single Score Turabian Willaert, Adrian. De Profundis (Psalm 129: A Song of Hope). Edited and translated by Ralph Hunter. New York: C. F. Peters, 1992. Single Score APA Willaert, A. (1992). De profundis (Psalm 129: A song of hope). R. Hunter (Ed. & Trans.). New York: C. F. Peters. Piece in a Collection Turabian Armer, Elinor. “Kellon’s Counting Game.” In Various Leaves: A Collection of Brief Works by Contemporary American Composers. Berkeley, California: Fallen Leaf Press, 1992. Piece in a Collection APA Armer, E. (1992). Kellon’s counting game. In Various leaves: A collection of brief works by contemporary American composers (p. 36). Berkeley, CA: Fallen Leaf Press.