Environmental rehabilitation

Report
Environmental Rehabilitation Strategy
and Activities in Ayeyarwady Delta: UNDP
Experience
Htun Paw Oo and Saw Doh Wah
Inle/ICDP, UNDP Myanmar
12 November 2012, Inya Lake, Yangon
Content
•Introduction
•Previous Activities by Forest Department, UNDP,
FAO
•UNDP Rehabilitation Strategies & Activities
•Environmental Issues
•Progress on Climate Change Adaptation &
Mitigation
•The Way Forward
Ecosystem Function of Mangroves
Source: UN-REDD Newsletter no. 16, Feb 2011
Rakhine coastal line
Ayeyawady
Delta
Taninthayi
Coastal line
Types of Livelihoods In Delta
• Agriculture( paddy, homestead garden,
horlticulture)
• Fishery (catch fishery, aquaculture, processing)
• Livestock (cattle, poultry, duck, goat)
• Forestry ( fuel-wood, charcoal, Nipa)
• Agro-forestry (sorjan, multi-layer)
• MSE
• Cottage industry (rice mill, salt)
Main causes of mangrove depletion and
degradation
•
•
•
•
•
Increase of Rice Fields
Human Settlement in the Reserved Forests
Construction of Prawn Pond
Over exploitation of Firewood and Charcoal Production
Lack of Awareness of the services of Mangrove
Land use changes of Mangroves in Delta
1990
2007
2001
Mangroves affected by Cyclone Nargis
Sr. Township
Reserve Area Remaining
(ha)
Stands (ha)
Damaged
Area (ha)
Damaged (%)
1
Labutta
101,620
16,150
4,638
28
2
Bogalay
151,228
39,568
12,070
30
3
Mawlamyinegyun
21,947
251
62
24
274,795
55,969
16,770
29
2001
Total
Previous Programmes
UNDP/FAO HDI (1994 to 2002)
• Capacity building both for agencies and communities,
• Establishment of village nurseries,
• Development of community forestry,
• Public tree planting (roadsides, school compounds, etc.)
• Utilization of efficient stoves,
• River bank protection planting,
• Environmental awareness & forestry extension
ICDP (2003-2008) period in Ayeyaewady Delta
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Farm boundary planting
Community woodlots
Village forest nurseries
Embankment renovation
Land reclamation
Bamboo planting
School tree planting
Energy saving stoves
762.8 acres
774.0 acres
17 no.
284.8 miles
4415 no.
624.4 acres
6 no.
18816 no.
Those activities have been implemented in Bogalay, Labutta, Kyaiklat,
Mawlamyeingyun and Ngapudaw townships.
Community Forests and Public Tree Planting in HDI/ICDP
Projects Labutta
Community Mangroves Forests Established in HDI Provided Forest
Products for Construction & Farm Tools and Saved Lives
Strategies of
Reforestation
Public Forestry
1. Road Side
2. Coastal belt
3. River bank
4. School, Monastery,
Church etc.,)
Private Forestry
1. Reserved forest (FD)
2. Individual private land
3. Land allowed by SLRD
Mangrove nursery
(mangrove spp.)
Community Forestry
Agro-Forestry
1. Reserved forest land
permitted by FD
2. Land allowed by SLRD
1. Homestead garden
2. Farm boundary
3. Fish and shrimp ponds
for Silvo-fishery
Nursery
Fresh water nursery
Multipurpose + Fruit Trees
Capacity Building (Training, Workshop, Study tour)
Post Nargis Recovery Intervention(2009)

Nursery establishment
seedlings)
•
•
- 14 mangrove nursery(0.5 ml seedlings)
Public tree planting
- Road sides, River bank
(281 villages)
- Home gardens, Farm boundary
- School & monastery compounds
Villages for planting mangrove saplings - 78
5 forest nursery trainings
- Fresh water and mangrove species
4 Forest mgmt trainings
7 (Study tour, environmental campaign and orientation workshop)
Distribution of fruit trees
- 69,000
No. of beneficiaries for fruit trees
- 5,500
4 Efficient stove making training
- mud stove and rice husk stove
Distribution of efficient stoves
- 3,674
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
- 42 non-mangrove nurseries( 1.07 ml
ICDP-Delta Intervention(2010)

•
•
•
•
•
•
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Nursery establishment
- 29 non-mangrove nurseries( 0.4 ml seedlings)
- 15 mangrove nursery(0.4 ml seedlings)
Public tree planting
- Road sides, River bank
(165 villages)
- Home gardens, Farm boundary
- School & monastery compounds
3 Environmental campaigns - 400 students & 100 villagers
4 Efficient stove making training
- 126 trainees
12 (Forest management, agro-forestry, aqua-forestry and efficient stove
trainings) for 381 trainees from 95 villages
Distribution of bamboo & fruit trees
- 11,400 & 17,800
Distribution of IEC materials
- posters (9070), pamphlets
(36,000) & booklets (12,000)
Public Tree Planting Activities
Auk Gyo Phyu Mangrove Nursery& Planting in
MLG
Strengths and Opportunities
Strengths
• Community, NGOs and individuals show their interests for tree
planting
• Awareness increased on CC, Env and DRR
• Improved coordination among line agencies, I/NGOs
• Previous experienced village resource persons
Opportunities
• Traditional home garden (Agro-forestry) practices have been
existed
• Technology access on mangrove rehabilitation
• Potential for sorjan and mangrove-cum-aquaculture
• Community forests/woodlots for potential REDD+
Weakness and Threats
Weakness
•Limited land area for community forests and village woodlots
•Limited knowledge and skill on reforestation and agro-forestry at
field staff and community
•Limited village level forest resource data
Threats
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•
•
•
Population pressure associated with imbalanced supply & demand of
forest resources
Accelerated expansions of agriculture and fish & shrimp, salt farming
Widespread river bank erosion
Other environmental issues, weather abnormality, decreased fish
catch, sea level rise, etc.
Community Forests and Products in HDI/CDRT Project
Environmental Activities in 2011
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•
•
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Mangroves & fresh water nursery
Mangrove and fresh water seedlings
No. of villages planted
Forest management training
participants
• Environmental awareness campaign
• Posters and manual on mangrove mgnt
• Pamphlets on forest conservation
- 10 nurseries
- 388,535 seedlings
- 95 villages
- 2 batch for 70
- 1450 participants
- 1300
- 20,000
Protect from Wave on Mangrove Planting
Mangrove Nurseries and Plantation
Roadside Planting ad Agro-forestry
Agro-forestry in Delta
Bio-mass Fuel in Delta
Locally Available Non-wood Bio-mass Fuel
Utilization of Energy Efficient Stove and Local
Initiatives
Way Forward
• Cooperation with Government agencies, local communities and UN/
international organizations
• Supporting the development of the comprehensive land use
policy/plan
• Improve/encourage community and private forestry, agro-forestry
• Improve/encourage environmental awareness including climate
change mitigation and adaptation
• Improve capacity development on energy efficient stoves
• Improve stakeholder participation, cooperation and coordination
• Mangroves are potential climate change adaptation and mitigation
• Improve integration among stakeholders (line ministries,
INGOs/NGOs, CSOs and community)
• Participate in recently initiated Integrated Coastal Zone
Management programme
Thank You for Your Attention

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