GRBMP_NGRBA Consultation Workshop-June 3

Report
Friday, June 3, 2011
Senate Hall, IIT Delhi, New Delhi
With NGRBA Expert Members
Ganga River Basin
Management Plan
by
IIT
Bombay
SWaRA
IIT
Delhi
IIT
Guwahati
IT BHU
ISI Kolkata
Consortia of 7 IITs
IIT
Kanpur
BESU
IIT
Kharagpur
IIT
Madras
IIT
Roorkee
JNU
DU
PU
NEERI
WWF-India
CFRI
………
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Programme
First Session: 10:00 – 12:00 hrs
Agenda: Share our Vision on GRBMP; Present Highlights of
the Reports Prepared; Get Feedback, Comments and
Suggestions; Way Forward
Second Session: 12:15 – 13:45 hrs
Agenda: Second Set of Reports; Further thought process; Get
Feedback, Comments and Suggestions; Way Forward
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
GRBMP by Consortia of 7 IITs
Objectives and Organizational structure
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Our Philosophy
Can not afford to Experiment with River Like Ganga!
Precautionary Principles must apply wherever knowledge gaps
and uncertainties exist
Apply modern science and new technologies but with traditional
wisdom
Gyan Dhara + Jana Gyan
Supportive Capacity and Assimilative Capacity
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
The Mantra:
Thirteen actions are prohibited on approaching the scared waters of the
Ganga, namely:










Defecation
Ablutions
Discharge of wastewater
Throwing of used floral offerings
Rubbing of filth
Body shampooing
Frolicking
Acceptance of donations
Obscenity
Offering of inappropriate praises or even hymns in a
incorrect way
Discarding of garments

 Beating and
 Swimming across, in particular
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Our Strategy
Parts to Whole
Parts !
Priority: Immediate Attention; Availability of Resources;
Time Required
Public Participation: Availability of Reports
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Mile Stones
 MOA Signed on July 6, 2010
 First Core Group Meet : August 13, 2010
 Second Core Group Meet : August 27, 2010
 First Consultation Workshop: August 28, 2010
 First Installment Received in October 2010
 Third Core Group Meet: November 13, 2011
 First Set of Reports Submitted: December 2010
 Fourth Core Group Meet: January 6, 2011
 Highlights presented to Secy, MoEF: January 7, 2011
 Fifth Core Group Meet: January 22-23, 2011
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Mile Stone


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








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Sixth Core Group Meet: March 25-26, 2011
Workshop on PPP Model at IIT Kanpur: February 5, 2011
Comments and Suggestion Discussed: March 1, 2011
Consultation Workshop at BESU, Kolkata: March 8, 2011
Meeting with World Bank: March 14, 2011
Workshop on Kosi River in Patna: March 23, 2011
Responses to Comments Submitted: April 10, 2011
Revised Reports Submitted: April 11, 2011
First Meeting of the Standing Committee: April 18, 2011
PICC Meeting: April 27, 2011
Discussion on Revised Reports with NRCD, MoEF: May 18, 2011
Meetings of Various Thematic Groups
Participation in Several Workshops, Meetings and Conferences
Organized by Various Groups
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Reports …
A : River Ganga at a Glance
Identification of Issues and Priority Actions for Restoration
B : Riverbank and River Water Quality Management Plan
C : Sewage Treatment
Recommendations and Guidelines
D : Plan for Construction, Operation and Maintenance
Sewage Collection, Treatment and Disposal Infrastructure
Proposed under GRBMP
E : Active Floodplain Mapping
Defining the “River Space”
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Genesis of These Reports

Brainstorming Sessions within the Team IIT and with
MoEF Officials

Availability of Data and Resources

Time Required
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Sewage Treatment
GRBMPReport
: Concept
Indexing
Map
GEN
Recommendations and Guidelines
EQP
FGM
02
Methodology
(MTH)
ENB
SEC
PLG
GDM
COM
PIC
03
04
Data
(DAT)
Areas
-
Analysis
(ANL)
-
Suggestions &
Recommendations
(S&R)
EFL
MIS
Ver
(MMM YYYY)
GRBMP
*
Main
Document
01
Literature
(SOA)
WRM
nn
004_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R _02_Ver 1_Dec 2010
Nirmal
Dhara
Aviral
Dhara
Goals &
Objectives
Work
Packages
Financial
Layout
Ecological
Restoration
Strategy
River Course
Development
Implementation
Schedule
Navigation &
Recreation
Water Resource
Development
Monitoring
Mechanisms
Flood
prevention
Sustainable
Agriculture
Report A:
001_GBP_IIT_GEN_DAT_01 Ver 1_Dec 2010
The Ganga originates from the ice caves at Gaumukh (N 30º55´, E 79º7´) at an elevation of 4100
m. Alaknanda, its main tributary in the mountainous stretch, rises beyond Manna Pass, 8 km form
Badrinath (N 30º44´, E 79º41´) at an altitude of 3123 m, and meets at Devprayag.
A. Upper Ganga ≈ 294 km
B. Middle Ganga ≈ 1071 km
C. Lower Ganga ≈ 1145 km
Gaumukh to Rishikesh
Rishikesh to Varanasi
Varanasi to Ganga Sagar
Drainage Area of the Ganga River Covering 11
States in India (AIWFS Data
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report A:
001_GBP_IIT_GEN_DAT_01 Ver 1_Dec 2010
 Highlights

General Observations (related to Ecology, river Water Quality,
Pollution and condition of the river) and Recommendations for future
work (mostly by IIT Consortia) in three segments: Upper Ganga,
Middle Ganga and Lower Ganga

Recommendations on Sanitation, preparation of RRWQMP on
priority for some identified towns, and on developing pilgrimage and
spiritual spots in most sensitive places in UGS
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report B:
002_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R_01_Ver 1_Dec 2010

Highlights





Riverbank and River Water Quality Management Plan
[RRWQMP]
Preparation of RRWQMP
Components of RRWQMP
Importance of RRWQMP
Implementation of RRWQMP
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report B:
002_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R_01_Ver 1_Dec 2010
Actions Required:
 Preparation of RRWQMP should be started immediately and
must have quality check.
 The initial set of towns for which RRWQMP will be prepared
should be identified and the respective ULBs instructed to get
the RRWQMP prepared professionally.
 NGRBA facilitates and supports preparation of RRWQMP by
the ULBs.
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report C:
003_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R_02_Ver 1_Dec 2010
Point
Wastes
Solid
(non-point)
Non Point
Liquid
Agriculture
(non-point)
Domestic
Industrial
Old
Cities
Villages
New
Sewage Collection
Treatment
Small Drains
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
Open Defecation
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report C:
003_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R_02_Ver 1_Dec 2010

Highlights







Selection of Appropriate Sewage Treatment Technology
Treatment Chain
Cost of Treatment and Land Requirement
Decision Matrix
Sludge Management
Flow Measurement
Bioassay Test
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report C:
003_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R_02_Ver 1_Dec 2010
Treatment upto Tertiary Level
Treatment upto Secondary Level
Treatment Plant Footprint, m2/MLD
Assessment Parameter/Technology
Present (2010) Treatment Cost, paisa / L
upto Secondary Treatment
Present (2010) Treatment Cost, paisa/L
Consortia of 7 IITs
ASP*,a
MBBR*,c
SBR*,a
UASB+EA*,b
0.32
0.33
0.29
0.28
0.54
0.55
0.46
0.54
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
MBR*,a
WSP**,b
0.11
1.00
0.39
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report C:
003_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R_02_Ver 1_Dec 2010
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report C:
003_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R_02_Ver 1_Dec 2010
Stage I
Preliminary Treatment:

Three Stage Screening:


25 mm bar racks (before pumping)
12 mm bar racks

5 mm mesh
Aerated Grit Chamber if following unit operation is aerobic and Normal Grit
Chamber if following unit operation is anaerobic.
Expected effluent quality after preliminary treatment:
 No floating materials including polythene bags, small pouches, etc.
 Proper collection and disposal of screening and grit.
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report C:
003_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R_02_Ver 1_Dec 2010
Stage II: Primary and/or Secondary Treatment:
Many options are available for second stage treatment. These options can
be grouped into following three categories.

Pond Based Systems or

Activated Sludge Process (ASP) and its Modifications or
equivalent systems including but not limited to SBR, UASB
followed by ASP, ASP operated on Extended Aeration mode
(EA-ASP), ASP with Biological Nutrient Removal (ASP+BNR),
and MBBR or MBR
Expected effluent quality after primary and secondary treatment:

BOD < 30 mg/L

SS < 20 mg/L

Nitrified effluent
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report C:
003_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R_02_Ver 1_Dec 2010
Stage III

Tertiary Treatment:
Coagulation-flocculation-settling followed by filtration and
disinfection.
Expected effluent quality after tertiary treatment:

BOD < 10 mg/L

SS < 5 mg/L

Phosphate < 0.5 mg/L

MPN of fecal coliforms < 10/ 100 mL
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report C:
003_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R_02_Ver 1_Dec 2010
Salient Features of Recommended STPs:
 Continuous measurement of flow at the inlet and outlet
 Excellent preliminary treatment
 Treatment up to tertiary level
 Online bioassay test
 Designed and built as modular units
 Pumping and STPs to be taken together for
contracting/bidding
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report D:
004_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R_03_Ver 1_Dec 2010

Highlights

Restoration of “Nirmal Dhara”

Sewage Collection, Treatment and Disposal Infrastructure

Funding and Implementation Issues: Current Scenario

Funding and Implementation Issues: Proposed Changes

Funding and Implementation Issues: New Paradigm

Private Participation: Design-Build-Operate (DBO) Model

Compliance, Legal Implications and Regulatory Issues

DBO Model: Public Monitoring
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report D:
004_GBP_IIT_EQP_S&R_03_Ver 1_Dec 2010
Recommendations and Actions Required:

Henceforth, all new sewage treatment plants (item 6) and associated sewage pumping
stations (item 5) should be constructed and managed together, i.e., by the same agency.

The sewage pumping and treatment infrastructure should be built in a modular fashion
such that the capacity is at most 125% of the actual sewage availability.

All new sewage treatment plants sanctioned by the NGRBA should require treatment up
to tertiary level (as specified in GRBMP_IIT_EQP_SNR 02_Ver 1 Dec 10) and should be
funded by the DBO model as specified in this report.

All necessary clearances, permissions, etc. required by NGRBA for funding of sewage
treatment plants using the DBO model should be obtained.

The process of empanelment of reputed service providers interested in participating in
construction, operation and maintenance of sewage treatment plants through the DBO
route should be started.
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report E:
005_GBP_IIT_FGM_DAT_01_Ver 1_Dec 2010

Data Report: Mapping of Active Flood Plane using
Remotely Sensed Data.
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report E:
005_GBP_IIT_FGM_DAT_01_Ver 1_Dec 2010
(b)
(a)
(a) LANDSAT 2003 data showing the meander scroll and the stretch of Ganga upstream of
Kanpur. The active floodplain of the river is shown with a dashed line. Note that the right bank of
the river does not have any active floodplain whereas the left bank has a wide floodplain. (b)
LANDSAT data of the Kanpur area during the flood of 2010.
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report E:
005_GBP_IIT_FGM_DAT_01_Ver 1_Dec 2010
(b)
(a)
(a) LANDSAT 2003 data showing the meander scroll and the stretch of Ganga upstream of
Kanpur. The active floodplain of the river is shown with a dashed line. Note that the right bank of
the river does not have any active floodplain whereas the left bank has a wide floodplain. (b)
LANDSAT data of the Kanpur area during the flood of 2010.
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report E:
005_GBP_IIT_FGM_DAT_01_Ver 1_Dec 2010
Ganga Basin boundary map showing the major states, the river Ganga and
the active floodplain associated with it on AWIFS
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Report E:
005_GBP_IIT_FGM_DAT_01_Ver 1_Dec 2010
Enlarged view of the stretch of Ganga around Kachlabridge plotted on
Landsat 2010 data
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Feedback, Comments and Suggestions; And
Way Forward
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Future Plans: Tentative  Requires Discussions and
Consensus amongst Team Members
1.
SWOT of GAP: Objectives  I &D; Brought in Disposal Standards; Strength:
Involvement of Academic Institutes in WQM and STP Monitoring
2. Expenditure of 1000 crores!; Now 7000 crores!
3.
National River  National River Act!
4. NGRBA  Institutional Framework
5. Distributed Storages  Revival/Creation of Ponds and small streams
6. Issue of HEPs and E Flows
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Challenges

Data and Information

Access to reports and Information

Interaction with other Ministries  MOWR and MOP for E Flow and HEPs;
MOUD for Urban Infrastructure

Scramble Competition  No one wins; Few Cows and too many Calves
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Upcoming Reports
1.
Review of Wastewater Reuse Projects Worldwide (EQP)
2. Plan for Renovation, Operation and Maintenance of Existing Pumping Stations
and Sewage Treatment Plants in Ganga River Basin (EQP)
3.
Hydrological Modeling of Ganga Basin (WRM)
4. Mapping of Legislations
5. Livelihood
6. Preliminary Report on Environmental Flows
7. Delineation of Valley Margin and Geomorphic Mapping of Channel Belt and
Active Flood Plain of Ganga River
8. Floral and Faunal Diversity in Upper Ganga
9. Status of Agriculture in Ganga Basin
10. Ganga Basin Information and Communication Network
11. SWOT of GAP
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Ganga Basin Information and Communication Network
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Gangapedia Home Page
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Feedback, Comments and Suggestions; And
Way Forward
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD
Thank You !
Consortia of 7 IITs
GRBMP
Consultation Workshop
June 3, 2011;
Senate Hall, IITD

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