AIS 630 chapter 3: systems planning- preliminary

Report
AIS 630
CHAPTER 3: SYSTEMS PLANNINGPRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION
Group’s member:
Faziera Mohd Zainun
Nurhanis Syazwani Rosli
Nurul Adibah Musfirah Mustapa Kamal
Tengku Wook Khatijah Tengku Iskandar
INTRODUCTION
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Systems development life cycle - the entire set of
activities needed to address business problems by
suggesting information system solutions.
The plans constitute the blueprint- organization
needs to implement the new system representing the
desired state of affairs and create a prioritized
schedule of projects.
Information System Strategic Planning
(ISSP)
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Set of long-term goals that describe the information
architecture and major information system initiatives
needed to achieve the goals of the organization.
ISSP must be aligned with the overall organization’s
strategic plan.
To make the customer remain loyal so that the profit
can be increased.
To make the company run smoothly by using the
computerised system.
Information Systems Operational
Planning (ISOP)
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ISOP is a set of projects that will be executed by the IS department and the
functional areas managers in support of the IS strategic planning.
ISOP responsible for identifying hardware component and configuration
that allow software to operate.
Typical ISOP contains:
Mission & objectives of IS function.
Summary of info needs of the functional areas & organization as a whole.
Constraints of the IS function in terms of technological, financial & personal
limitation.
Long-term plans indicating the summary of the system needed by the
company & the system projects selected to reach organization goals.
Short-term plan listing the current information system projects & a detailed
plan of projects to be developed or continued during the current year.
SYSTEMS REQUESTS
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Is a written request from management or end user
which triggers the start of the systems development
life cycle.
Includes five (5) considerations:
Project sponsor.
Business needs.
Functionality of the System.
Expected value.
Special issues.
Project Sponsor.
 Is the person who usually initiates proposed information
systems project having an interest in seeing that new system
succeeds.
 Rafiq is a project sponsor.
Business Needs.
 Describes why the information system should be developed
explaining to the information systems steering committee
why the organization should fund the project concerned.
 The present system is prepared manually, difficult to handle
the accounts.
 Time consuming to prepare the accounts.
Functionality of the System.
 Describes what the proposed information system will do.
 Computerized systems will be easy to handle and time
consume more shorten.
INFORMATION SYSTEMS STEERING
COMMITEE
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Get support of top management.
Rafiq’s uncle is a top management.
Steering Committee set up representing top
management and all functions areas within the
organization.
They will responsible for overall planning and
control of the systems development effort of the
organization.
They also provide guidance throughout the systems
development life cycle.
PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION
Important to understand the existing system before
proposing changes or modifications and need to
establish a working relationship with users of the
systems.
Nature of the Problem.
 The problem of the company is, they prepared the
accounts manually that consume more time
 The competitors give discount to customer that pay
within 30 days.
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EVALUATING SYSTEM REQUESTS
Technical Feasibility
 Determining whether a proposed information system is possible
given the current state of technology.
 The company should be update with the latest technology in order to
developed the system
Operational Feasibility
 Covers two aspect which is technical performance and acceptance
within the organization
 The company should give a trial to their employees whether they can
adapt with the system or not
Economic Feasibility
 Determining whether a proposed information system will yield
benefit that exceed its cost
 If the company can adapt with the system then the system can be
use permanently
PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION REPORT

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