EMSA`s perspective on RPAS/UAV Maritime Surveillance services

Report
EMSA's perspective on RPAS/UAV
Maritime Surveillance services
3rd Workshop on European Unmanned
Maritime Systems; Porto, 29 May 2014
1
Leendert Bal
Head of Department
Operations
Regulatory Agency of
the European Union
• 10 years in existence
• Own legal identity
• Technical and operational
support
• ~240 staff,
24 nationalities
• ~80 staff in Operations
Department
• Annual overall budget:
~50 million Euros
• HQ Lisbon, Portugal
3
EMSA’s growing role in Maritime
Surveillance based on maritime information
systems
 Ship reporting services:
- SafeSeaNet (short range monitoring – terrestrial stations)
- Satellite-AIS (long range monitoring together with ESA)
- LRIT (Long Range Identification and Tracking)
 Earth observation service:
- CleanSeaNet (oil spill monitoring and vessel detection)
- Copernicus Maritime Surveillance Services as of 2015
 Integrated Maritime Services (data fusion/correlation)
4
New developments:
 Enlarged legal mandate: By providing, …, relevant vessel
positioning and earth observation data to the competent
national authorities and relevant EU bodies … in order to
facilitate measures against threats of piracy and of
intentional unlawful acts …
 Institutional Service Provider of “maritime picture”
to other EU bodies: EFCA, FRONTEX, EU NAVFOR
5
6
Current constraints to use RPAS as part of operations:
• Negative public/political perception:
• Intrusive, aggressive
• Costly
• Operational constraints:
• Use in non-segregated airspace
not regulated, no EU certification,
• ATC for cross-border use?
• Limited operational experience in civil domain.
7
7/
Oil spill
found!
Vessel
detected!
Scanning for
oil spills…
Monitoring offshore
platforms….
Searching for vessel
in distress….
Offshore gas plume
monitored!
Serving different applications/purposes:
•
•
•
•
Maritime Pollution Monitoring
Supporting Search and Rescue Operations
Monitoring accidents with Oil and Gas installations
Supporting law enforcement activities (fishery control, customs,
anti-drug trafficking, border control)
• Supporting Anti-piracy
• Safety of Navigation: Iceberg and Ice boundary monitoring
9/
9
RPAS: Operational Added Value
- To be integrated in surveillance chain: used in
combination with satellites and MPA,
- More flexible than orbiting satellite
- Small boat detection capability
- Less sensors than surveillance aircraft but lower
operating costs
- Emissions monitoring: safer in situations with gas and/or
explosion danger
- Suitable for routine monitoring and event related action
(pinpointing)
- At-sea operation relatively safe
- Small number of RPAS at strategic positions to assist
EU Member States is a cost effective solution
Conclusions
•
•
•
•
Clear maritime surveillance business case for RPAS
At-sea operation is straightforward and relatively safe
General public acceptance is an issue, also at EU level
Regulatory framework is required soon in order to be able to
offer operational services – Commission Communication: >2016
• Operational experience will grow quickly with on-going trials
and projects: fine-tuning for right operational mix
(sensors and endurance) is on-going
• RPAS is interesting new data source
• RPAS data is tested to be embedded
in EMSA applications
11/
11
12
© Portuguese Air Force

similar documents