PIRACY - Intertanko

Report
Latin American Panel
October 31, 2012
UPDATE
ON
PIRACY
Joseph Angelo
Deputy Managing Director
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• Statistics
• BMP
• Privately contracted armed
security personnel (PCASP)
• Risk assessment
• High risk area
• Ransom payments
• West coast of Africa
• Guidance from NATO
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PIRACY - Somalia
2010 Statistics (IMB)
- 219 attempted incidents
- 49 hijackings (21% of incidents)
2011 Statistics
- 237 attempted incidents
- 28 hijackings (11% of incidents)
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PIRACY - Somalia
2012 Statistics (March 8)
- 31 attempted incidents
- 6 hijackings (21% of incidents)
2012 Statistics (June 25)
- 67 attempted incidents
- 13 hijackings (19% of incidents)
(4 dhows & 3 fishing vessels)
2012 Statistics (October 27)
- 71 attempted incidents
- 13 hijackings (18% of incidents)
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Piracy attacks 2012
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BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES (BMP)
Three essential requirements that cannot be
over emphasized:
• Register with MSCHOA
• Report to UKMTO
• Implement Self Protection Measures
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BMP OBSERVATION TASK – EU/NATO/CMF
Click to edit Master title style
STATISTICS ON BMP4 COMPLIANCE
EUNAVFOR
Period from AUG2011 to AUG2012
06SEP12
Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 Jan-12 Feb-12 Mar-12 Apr-12 May-12 Jun-12 Jul-12 Aug-12
Total number of observed
ships
610
945
767
345
183
227
278
141
246
476
241
414
675
120
137
106
34
3
25
19
21
44
47
20
48
104
14,5
13,8
9,8
1,8
11,0
6,0
14,8
17,8
10,1
8,3
11,6
15,4
Number of ships which were
non compliant with BMP
Ratio of BMP4 non compliant 19,7
ships
RATIO OF NON COMPLIANT SHIPS BETWEEN AUG 2011 and AUG 2012
945
1000
900
700
Total number of observed ships
767
800
675
610
600
500
300
100
414
345
400
200
Number of ships which were non
compliant with BMP
476
120
137
183
227
278
3
2 per. Mov. Avg. (Total number
of observed ships)
241
141
106
34
246
25
19
21
44
47
20
48
104
0
Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 Jan-12 Feb-12 Mar-12 Apr-12 May-12 Jun-12 Jul-12 Aug-12
Chart 1 – Total number of observed and non-compliant ships
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INTERTANKO position regarding the use of
armed guards
INTERTANKO believes it is the responsibility of the
international navies to ensure the right of free passage
on the high seas including the use of vessel protection
detachments on merchant ships
INTERTANKO does not advocate the arming ships'
crews
INTERTANKO believes that the use of private armed
guards or private security forces onboard merchant
ships has to be a matter for each individual owner or
manager to assess as part of their own voyage risk
assessment
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IMO
IMO Maritime Safety Committee
• MSC.1/Circ.1405 – Interim Guidance to Shipowners,
Ship Operators and Ship Masters on the use of Privately
Contracted Armed Security Personnel on Board Ships in
the High Risk Area
• MSC.1/Circ.1406 – Interim Recommendations for Flag
States regarding the use of Privately Contracted Armed
Security Personnel on Board Ships in the High Risk Area
• MSC.1/Circ.1408 – Interim Recommendations for Port
and Coastal States regarding the use of Privately
Contracted Armed Security Personnel on Board Ships in
the High Risk Area
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IMO
IMO Maritime Safety Committee
• MSC.1/Circ.1443 – Interim guidance to private maritime
security companies providing privately contracted armed
security personnel on board ships in the High Risk Area
• MSC.1/Circ.1444 – Interim guidance for flag States on
measures to prevent and mitigate Somalia-based piracy
(compilation, in a single reference document, the best
practices, codes and standards developed by IMO to date)
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ISO
• IMO MSC requests ISO to develop standard for
guidelines and the certification of private maritime
security companies providing PCASP
• Standard to be based upon MSC.1/Circ.1443 –
Interim guidance to private maritime security
companies
• ISO Publicly Available Specification (PAS) 28007
developed and out for balloting
• Expected to be made available to IMO MSC 91
meeting November 26-30
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GUARDCON
• Contract for the employment of security guards
on vessels
• Developed by BIMCO to provide clearly worded
and comprehensive standard contract to
conclude agreements with security services
• Reviewed by INTERTANKO Documentary
Committee and endorsed for use by members
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Rules on Use of Force (RUF)
BIMCO Guidance on Rules for the Use of Force
(RUF) by Privately Contracted Armed Security
Personnel (PCASP)
• adopted after significant consultation with broad
industry, insurance and legal sectors
• supplements GUARDCON
100 Series Rules - An International Benchmark
for Commercial Maritime Rules for the Use of
Force (RUF)
• developed UK attorney
• intended to supplement ISO PAS 28007
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Risk Assessment
• BMP4 Section 3 recommends ship operators
carry out thorough risk assessment
• Industry associations have received requests
for assistance from members
• Seeking RT/OCIMF agreed joint approach
• Most contentious issue within the RA is speed
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High Risk Area (HRA)
• BMP4 which is an industry document defines
High Risk Area
• Egypt wants Red Sea excluded
• India wants HRA moved further away from
Indian coast
• UN Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of
Somalia has requested WG 3 to consider a
review of the HRA through discussions with
industry
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Ransom Payments
• UK creates international Task Force - “the
ultimate goal is to arrive at a position whereby
pirates are no longer able to profit from ransom
payments”
• Industry Advisory Panel established to provide
industry input to TF
• Lead by INTERTANKO, industry input has
focused on ensuring that TF recommendations
do not to interfere in any way with our members
ability to pay ransoms
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West Coast of Africa
• Piracy off the west coast of Africa is worsening
• The model is for ships to be taken, barges filled
with cargo then ships released. However these
pirates are very violent
• New name – Extended Duration Robbery (EDR)
• UK Foreign Office and OCIMF working together
on launching a co-ordination center in the region
• Executive Committee requested Secretariat to
develop guidance for Members specific to the
piracy problem in West Africa.
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NATO Guidance
New NATO issued guidance:
• Identification guide for Dhows, Skiffs and Whalers in the
High Risk Area
• Dhow and Skiff Recognition Chart
• Yemeni Fishing Template
Objective:
• Assist bridge team in identifying vessels
• Assist military in improved reporting of vessels
Guidance issued in INTERTANKO Weekly
News No. 41/2012
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THANK
YOU!
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