Bradley Sykes
ENV 406
1.7 million people (21% of the population)
living under the poverty line
Average household debt = $5000
24th in labor productivity among OECD
Macroeconomic figures mask severe
inequalities among labor force.
High-profile startups are sold before massive job
creation can occur.
◦ “When these entrepreneurs sell their start- up
companies…they are denying the local economy
the opportunity to create an industrial company
that will supply jobs to a much wider segment of
the workforce than any start-up can.”
Education system does not prepare students for
high-tech industries
“Take the money and run” paradigm for business
Paradigm shift among business community
◦ “Maybe it’s time for us to think about ourselves as a
country going from a startup nation to a high-tech nation,
where startup is the first step, but companies are still built
in Israel, maintained in Israel and grow from Israel.” –
Avishai Abrahami, WIX CEO/Co-founder
Integration of key populations in the
workforce through ICT (Information and
Communications Technology)
Export Oriented Industrialization (EOI)
◦ Exploit position to become bridge between East/West and
“convert intellectual capital to industrial growth.”
Harkham, Ariel. "Time For The Startup Nation To Grow
Up." Forbes. Forbes Magazine, 20 Feb. 2014. Web. 19 Apr. 2014.
Miller, Zack. "From Start-Up Nation To Scale-Up Nation: Israel
Circa 2014." Forbes. Forbes Magazine, 17 Dec. 2013. Web. 19
Apr. 2014.
Benzaquen, John. "Evolving from 'start-up nation' to 'exit
nation'." The Jerusalem Post, 16 Apr. 2014. Web.
19 Apr. 2014.
Teig, Amir. "Israel, startup nation? not anymore, says Google
study - Business." Haaretz, 16 July 2013. Web. 19
Apr. 2014.

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