Document

Report
POST-COLONIAL OUTCOMES IN
FOOTBALL: FIFA, OVERSEAS
TERRITORIES AND NATIONAL
IDENTITY
STEVE MENARY, SOLENT UNIVERSITY/WORLD SOCCER
The Dutch footballing empire
1921 - Curaçao Voetbalbond formed
1932 - CVB joins FIFA
1938 - Dutch East Indies qualify for World
Cup finals
1950 - Curaçao win football gold at
Central American & Caribbean Games
1952 - Curaçao qualify for Olympic
football finals
1958 - Curaçao now known as the
Netherlands Antilles
1962 – Netherlands Antilles win gold at
Cent. American & Caribbean Games
The break-up of the Antilles
1986 - Aruba leaves the
Netherlands Antilles
1988 - Aruba joins FIFA
2010 – Netherlands
Antilles dissolved and
Bonaire win the inaugural
ABCS Cup for Dutchspeaking Caribbean
territories (right)
2013 – Sint Maarten
admitted as full
CONCACAF member and
Bonaire as associate
“The ABCS Cup is more the continuity
of the historical bond and the close
relationship of the Dutch speaking
island (sic) in the Caribbean Football
Union.” - Curaçao coach Etienne
The
Overseas
Oranje
Player
Position
Club(s)
Territory
Rugenio Josephia
Goalkeeper
NOAD
Bonaire
Ricardo van Rhijn
Defender
Ajax
Curacao
Hedwiges Maduro
Defender
Valencia, PAOK
Aruba
Gregory van der Wiel Defender
Ajax, PSG
Curacao
Jettro Willems
Defender
Sparta Rotterdam, PSV
Curacao
Leandro Bacuna
Defender
Groningen, Aston Villa
Curacao
Vurnon Anita
Midfielder
Ajax, Newcastle Utd
Curacao
Elson Hooi
Midfielder
NAC Breda
Curacao
Leroy Fer
Midfielder
Feynoord, Norwich City
Curacao
David Abdul
Striker
Sparta Rotterdam
Aruba
Quenten Martinius
Striker
Heerenveen, Ferencvaros Curacao
Le Outre-Mer
1928 - Fédération Calédonienne de Football formed
1960 - Community Games staged
1962 - Guadeloupe & Martinique invited to enter clubs in Coupe de France
1963 - New Caledonia win the first of six Pacifc Games football titles
1989 - Fédération Tahitienne de Football formed
1989 - Francophone Games first staged
1990 - FTF admitted to FIFA
1993 - Martinique win Caribbean Championship
1998 - France win World Cup final
2004 - FCF admitted to FIFA
2007 - Guadeloupe reach Gold Cup semi-finals
Le Coupe de l’Outre Mer
2008 – Coupe de l’Outre Mer
(Overseas Cup) first staged
“We know where we come from and we want to
give back what Guadeloupe or Martinique or
New Caledonia gave to the national team.
“We know our background. I wanted to be close
to them but also to try to give another visibility of
how we are, our tradition, our culture, this is the
way we are and the tool is sport” - Christian
Karembeu
A new world for the Outre-Mer?
2010 – St Pierre et Miquelon
invited to join the Overseas Cup
2012 - Réunion win last Overseas
Cup and Tahiti win Oceania
Nations Cup
2013 – Tahiti take part in
Confederations Cup and host
Beach Soccer World Cup
2013 – French Guiana,
Guadeloupe, Martinique and Saint
Martin join CONCACAF as full
members
Steve Marlet at 2012 Overseas Cup in Saint-Ouen
2014 – Overseas Cup cancelled
by Fédération Française de
Football
Le
OutreMer
XI
Player
Position Club(s)
Territory
Bernard Lama
Goalkeeper Lille, PSG, West Ham
French Guiana
Jocelyn Angloma
Defender
PSG, Inter, Valencia
Guadeloupe
Marius Tresor
Defender
Marseille, Bordeaux
Guadeloupe
Lilian Thuram
Defender
Parma, Juventus, Barcelona Guadeloupe
Gael Clichy
Defender
Arsenal, Man City
Martinique
Christian Karembeu Midfield
Sampdoria, Real Madrid
New Caledonia
Florent Malouda
Midfield
Lyon, Chelsea, Trabzonspor French Guiana
Didier Agathe
Midfield
Montpellier, Celtic
Reunion
Dimitri Payet
Midfield
St Etienne, Lille, Marseille
Reunion
Guillaume Hoarau Striker
Le Harve, PSG, Bordeaux
Reunion
Frédéric Piquionne Striker
West Ham, Portland
New Caledonia
Football in the British Empire
1895 - Gibraltar Football
Association formed
1909 - GFA joined the Football
Association on similar standing
to a county association
1928 - Bermuda Football
Association formed
1947 - Falkland Island Football
League formed
1962 - BFA join FIFA
1967 - Bermuda runners-up to
Mexico at Pan-American
Games
The end of Empire?
1992-1996
Anguilla, British
Virgin Islands,
Cayman
Islands,
Montserrat and
Turks & Caicos
all admitted to
CONCACAF
and FIFA as full
members
“You went into a school and all the children played
basketball and wanted to be Michael Jordan.” – Tom Smith,
founding president of Turks & Caicos Football Association
Outside the Caribbean
1969 Spain close border with
Gibraltar
1989 Gibraltar take part in
Island Games football
1997 GFA apply to join UEFA
2007 Gibraltar win Island
Games
2011 Court of Arbitration for
Sport rule for third time that
GFA must join UEFA
2013 Gibraltar admitted to
UEFA
Stuck in the South Atlantic
1997 Falkland Island team tour
Chile
2001 Falkland Islands enter
Island Games football tournament
2004 – Falkland Islands play
Chile at cricket
2007 – Falkland Islands join
International Cricket Council as
an affiliate
2010 – Falkland Islands beat
Costa Rica in ICC Americas
Championship Division Four
2011 – Falkland Island Football
League drops to 3 teams and is
not completed
A
British
Empire
XI
Player
Position
Club(s)
Territory
Tony Macedo
Goalkeeper Fulham
Gibraltar
Scott Wiseman
Defender
Hull, Rochdale, Barnsley
Gibraltar
Danny Higginbotham Defender
Man Utd, Southampton
Gibraltar
Colim Ramirez
Defender
Glentoran, Real Balonpedica Gibraltar
Arnold Woollard
Defender
Bournemouth, Newcastle
Bermuda
Liam Walker
Midfield
Portsmouth, Bnei Yehuda
Gibraltar
Ruel Fox
Midfield
Spurs, Newcastle
Montserrat
Gavin Glinton
Striker
LA Galaxy
Turks & Caicos
Nahki Wells
Striker
Bradford City, Huddersfield Bermuda
Sean Goater
Striker
Rotherham, Man City
Bermuda
Clyde Best
Striker
West Ham
Bermuda
The post post-colonial football world
US territories
FA founded
Confederation
Joined FIFA
American Samoa
1984
OFC
1998
Guam
1975
AFC
1996
Northern Mariana Islands
2005
AFC
N/a
Puerto Rico
1940
CONCACAF
1960
United States Virgin Islands
1992
CONCACAF
1998
Chinese territories
FA founded
Joined FIFA
Hong Kong
1914
AFC
1954
Macau
1939
AFC
1978
“I refuse to call them a national team. The U.S. is our national team.” - Aaron Gray, sports reporter for the Virgin Islands
Daily News.
“We all have U.S. passports.” – Reid Klopp, captain of the US Virgin Islands Team
The way forward?
• Fresh thinking needed over FIFA membership, what are the
criteria, how to engage with potential new members and also
non-sovereign nations on a more open, transparent way
• Whatever happened to FIFA’s Working Group on Small
Nations?
• Consideration of an associate membership of FIFA to allow for
transition of new members at various categories of
independence
• This would allow detailed engagement with FIFA before
Financial Assistance Programme and GOAL funds paid out

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