B9 Coal

Report
B9 Coal
Deploying Fuel Cells to Generate Cheap,
Clean Electricity from Fossil Fuels
The next step in the CCS revolution…
B9 Coal present the next step in the CCS clean energy revolution
employing a unique Integrated Gasification Fuel Cell (IGFC) process
Addressing
both the rising
combines the gasification
cost of energy
and the need to reduce global
CO2 emissions
of coal with the use of hydrogen to generate electricity with fuel cells
Key advantages of IGFC power plants
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Efficiency
Cost of the CCS
Captures upwards of 90% CO2
Lower cost
Flexible output
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High reliability
Lower environmental footprint
Scaleable
…transforming coal from the dirtiest fossil fuel to the cleanest
it
B9 Coal
A revolution in clean energy generation
Surface Coal
Gasification
(SCG)
AFC Energy’s
Alkaline Fuel
Cell System
Underground
Coal
Gasification
(UCG)
Carbon Transport
and Storage
Gas
Separation
Gasification
Coal can be reacted at high temperatures with a controlled amount of oxygen to
produce synthesis gas (syngas)
Underground Coal Gasification (UCG)
Gasifying coal in situ carries additional commercial and environmental advantages
Gas Separation
Syngas is cleaned of impurities and split into near pure streams of hydrogen and
carbon dioxide
AFC Energy’s Alkaline Fuel Cell
The most efficient way of producing electricity from hydrogen
Large Scale Energy Generation
Using the hydrogen from syngas AFC Energy’s fuel cell system is the cheapest,
cleanest and most flexible way to produce electricity from fossil fuels
Carbon Transport and Storage
Captured carbon dioxide is compressed, transported and stored in geological
structures to prevent its escape into the atmosphere
Compression
Ship Transport
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Compressed to reduce volume
Compressed to dense phase >90bar
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Trucks or ships are suitable for transportation of
small volumes or over long distances
CO2 is liquefied for ship transport
Shipping of liquefied CO2 similar to shipping
liquefied petroleum gases (LPG)
Pipeline Transport
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Saline Aquifers
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Aquifers are sandstone formations that hold saline water
CO2 is pumped into the sandstone, filling the pore spaces
Largest capacity storage options
Case Study: The Sleipner Project, North Sea
250km off coast of Norway, around 1 million tonnes CO2
removed from the Sleipner West Gas Field per annum and
injected into aquifer 800m below seabed
Compressed CO2 is transported in a dense, liquid like phase
Better economically and environmentally than shipping
Large-scale transportation of CO2 in pipelines has taken place for over 30 years in the US
Case Study: Snøhvit project, North Sea
Came on stream in 2007, transports 700,000 tonnes CO2 per year for 145km from a liquid
natural gas facility to the Snøhvit oil and gas field
Saline Aquifer
Depleted Gas/Oil Field
Depleted gas fields
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Sandstone formations that held natural gas
The shale cap which once prevented the gas from escaping now holds in the CO 2
Potential field location and geology already well known
Reduced costs - number of existing pipelines and rigs could be used
Confidence - millions of tonnes of gas and oil already stored securely
UK well suited - close to North Sea gas fields
B9 Coal
A revolution in clean energy generation
Surface Coal
Gasification
(SCG)
AFC Energy’s
Alkaline Fuel
Cell System
Underground
Coal
Gasification
(UCG)
Carbon Transport
and Storage
Gas
Separation
B9 Coal present…
Clean Potential for upwards of 90% carbon capture
Green Small footprint power plants: no turbines or other heavy infrastructure; AFC Energy’s fuel cells are
made from lightweight recyclable materials and cartridges are refurbishable
Efficient Alkaline fuel cells are the most efficient way of converting hydrogen to electricity; carbon
capture as part of the process with no loss of efficiency
Low cost Minimal infrastructure means low capital costs; AFC Energy’s fuel cells are cheap to
manufacture; low running costs as fuel cell maintenance is simple
Small footprint
No turbines, minimal infrastructure
Fully scalable Modular nature of the fuel cells means capacity can be increased to meet demand
Load following Modular fuel cell system allows output to be increased or decreased with no loss in
efficiency
Reliable Alkaline Fuel Cells are 99.999% reliable as they are a solid state technology
…a game-changing clean energy proposition
B9 Projects in action…
Project plan
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Powerfuel is constructing a large scale IGCC power station with carbon capture capability at Hatfield site
Initial construction will involve 800 MW combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) facility optimised for 'syngas' conversion and
operation
Powerfuel to convert CCGT plant into 900 MW IGCC power station fuelled by extensive coal resources at Hatfield
colliery
The syngas can be used to produce hydrogen as a feedstock for 330 MW of alkaline fuel cells power generation
…300MW installation alongside IGCC plant
B9 Coal…
B9 Coal’s
low cost, flexible, clean energy
revolutionise the way we
produce electricity, providing an essential step
in the move to a low carbon future and acting
as a global template for clean energy
generation.
proposition will
…the future of clean energy

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