presentation

Report
Promoting the African Renaissance through the
Post-2015 Development Agenda
Briefing of UN Member States, New York, 23 October 2013
Dr. Ibrahim Assane Mayaki – CEO
NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency
Presentation outline
 Africa is transforming
 Challenges remain...but opportunities exist
 Africa’s response






Planning for long-term transformation
Structural transformation for inclusive development
Sector strategies to advance Africa’s transformation
Institutional strengthening – the NEPAD Agency
Results-driven partnerships
Mobilising domestic resources for PIDA implementation
 Conclusion
 NEPAD implementation in a changed context
 Making the Post-2015 Agenda work for Africa
 How UN Member States can support Africa’s transformation
efforts
Africa is transforming…
2013
2010
2000
Continent-wide changes
7 of the ten fastest-growing
countries globally based in
our continent
In 2013, expected growth
rate of over 7% for 12 of
Africa’s 54 economies
Growing population: Africa’s
population expected to double
by 2050; 400 million young
people by 2035
Growing middle class:
Currently 34% of the
population; Expected to grow
to 1bn by 2060
Rising domestic demand
Capital flows into Africa
 Funding still resilient during
financial crisis.
 $48 billion (2011), threequarters from FDI flows.
 Rate of return on foreign
investment is higher in Africa
than any other regions
 Drivers of FDI growth are
increasingly coming from within
the continent
…challenges remain…
youth employment: between 2010 and 2020, the continent is set to add
122m people to its labour force, youth represents 60% of the continental
unemployment
social inequality: new middle class (1/3 population) but from the 10 most
unequal countries, 7 are African; poverty in rural areas is massive
natural resources governance: at least 6 wealth funds on natural
resources in Africa, 7 African countries are EITI compliant and 13 more on
track; Land Policy Initiative is a milestone for land management
regional integration: intra-African trade remains low, potential for regional
value-chains rests untapped; African economies are insufficiently
diversified and are essentially commodity-based
…Poverty is still a major risk…
Poverty levels in Africa are high: Absolute poverty rate is next to 50% in Sub-Saharan
Africa; Absolute number of poor has grown steadily between 1981 and 2010; Twice more
extremely poor people (414 million) than three decades ago (205 million)
…but opportunities exist
Means of our ambitions: FDI=50bn$/y; capital flight=80bn$/y; tax=520bn$ and tax
evasion≈25bn$/y  opportunity to go beyond (declining) ODA
Governance is improving as a result of more coherent institutions and a new generation
of leaders open to accountability – [email protected]
Africa’s institutional architecture for integration is better defined, with anchor role for
RECs – CFTA by 2017
International context is more conducive to greater ownership and leadership by
Africa of its own development process
Africa’s response:
Planning for long-term transformation
A skewed starting point :
State-building in the post-independence period
SAPs and the erosion of strategy
Lagos Plan
1980
of Action
NEPAD 2001
African Union 2002
NEPAD
Strategic Plan
2014-2017
Regional integration agenda
Increased planning capacities
Sustained growth but with inequalities
Structural transformation for inclusive development
Transformation driven by Economic and Political Governance
Economic
Governance
Economic and regulatory reforms
African-led
structural
transformation
Improved political governance
Political
Governance
Political stability
Cessation of armed conflicts
African Peer Review Mechanism
Sector strategies to advance Africa’s transformation
NEPAD as a comprehensive programme of the African Union with
priorities and approaches for the political and socio-economic
transformation of Africa
AU Vision
An integrated,
prosperous and
peaceful
Africa, driven by its
own citizens and
representing a
dynamic force
in global arena
NEPAD Strategic Focus
Agriculture
and Food
Security
Regional
integration
and
infrastructure
Climate
Change and
Natural
Resource
Management
Human
Development
Economic
and
Corporate
Governance
Gender
Empowerment
Capacity
Development
Stronger institutions – the NEPAD Agency
New mandate & structure
• A legal identity within the AU family
• NEPAD Agency as a technical body
of the AU
• Clearer – thus stronger – role and
responsibilities within the AU system
and strategy
• On-going recruitment process to
match long-term orientation of
AU/NEPAD transformation agenda
Results-based management
• From sector-based approach to
programmatic and thematic activities
NEPAD Delivery process
Feedback - further
development
Continental
Policy
Framework
Alignment
Process
Policies,
systems and
programs
Alignment
Country policies,
systems and
programs
Through
RECs
Results-driven partnerships
 Key support from bilateral partners for NEPAD implementation
North-South
partnerships
 Germany, Norway, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, …
 Improved quality of Africa-Japan cooperation under TICAD V
 SSC as an instrument for development effectiveness and capacity
development, complementing N-S cooperation
South-South
Cooperation
 Continental Frameworks: FOCAC, Africa-India Forum, Africa-South
America,…
 Bilateral partnerships: Brazil, Colombia,…
 Bilateral schemes: Nigeria Technical Aid Corps, South Africa African
Renaissance and International Cooperation Fund, Egyptian Fund for
Technical cooperation with Africa,…
Intra-African
Cooperation
 Regional cooperation: Egypt-Uganda cooperation for transboundary water
resource management, Regional Capacity Building project for public
sector in post-conflict countries, South Sudan Development Initiative,
APRM, African Biosafety Network of Expertise (ABNE), PAF,…
Mobilising domestic resources for PIDA
implementation
NEPAD/UNECA
DRM Study
Africa’s domestic
financing
potential
29th NEPAD &
21st AU
Summits
Offer by H.E.
President Macky
SALL to host a
high-level
financing
conference
Proposed
thematic focus
PIDA & PICI
Regional
Infrastructure
Dec. 2013
Dakar
Financing
Summit
Similar
exercises
for other
NEPAD
programmes
Increased private sector engagement
Dakar Financing Summit
 A NEPAD investment promotion
summit
 Not a pledging conference
 Promoting PIDA through domestic
resource mobilisation
 High-level event championed by H.E.
President Macky Sall of Senegal &
HSGOC leaders
 A mechanism bringing together
development partners to support
Africa’s domestic resource
mobilisation efforts
Lead institutions: NEPAD Agency, AU Commission, UNECA, African Development
Bank, German Government (GIZ), World Bank
Potential: AFC, RECs, NEPAD Business Groups
Expected Results
1
Private sector commitments to finance 8-10 regional projects
2
Political buy-in at highest level & commitment of key partners
3
Increased support for infrastructure project preparation in Africa
4
Network of private sector agents to promote infrastructure
development in Africa
Transforming Africa by 2020
DFC as a perfect vehicle to fast-track implementation of PIDA projects
Conclusion:
NEPAD implementation in a changed context
 NEPAD as Africa’s comprehensive and integrated response
to eradicate poverty
• Addresses sustainable, inclusive and shared growth through sector
priorities and domestic resource mobilisation
 Post-2015/SDGs agenda must support Africa’s transition on its
own terms, in coherence with continental frameworks for
transformation:
•
•
•
•
Regional integration
Infrastructure (PIDA)
Agriculture (CAADP), Food security and nutrition
Capacity development, including strengthening the institutional
architecture for integration and capacities to mobilise domestic resources
Making the Post-2015 agenda work for Africa
Inclusive
growth
Complete
the
unfinished
MDG
business
Regional
integration
Productive
capacities &
industrialisation Common but
Conducive
international
environment
and
partnerships
Youth
Employment
differentiated
responsibilities
Capacity
Development
Environmental
sustainability
Financial &
technical means
of
implementation
Monitoring
&
Evaluation
Strengthening NEPAD’s role as catalyst for Africa’s transformation
How UN Member States can support
Africa’s transformation efforts…
Ensure that the Post-2015 agenda and other UN frameworks are
coherent with and support Africa’s own priorities: sectorial and regional
transformation frameworks (CAADP, PIDA,…), mobilisation of
domestic resources
Encourage greater alignment of bilateral policies and interventions
with Africa’s AU/NEPAD agenda and its regional dimension
Support African voice, participation and positions in global
decision-making on trade, debt, investment….
Advance issues relating to illicit financial flows/capital flight etc.
within the UN
How UN Member States can support
Africa’s transformation efforts…
Sustain the global political commitment to address the aid agenda,
honour ODA commitments (Monterrey, Doha, Gleneagles,…) and
show firm results in improving the quality of ODA following Paris,
Accra, Busan….
Foster the accelerated operationalisation of the UN monitoring
mechanism on commitments related to Africa’s development and
Africa’s own monitoring capacity
Support and strengthen UN structures dedicated to advancing African
issues and perspectives, e.g. UN-OSAA, UNDP-RBA, UNECA,….
Asante Sana
Merci de votre attention
Thank you
‫شـكـرا عـلى حسـن استمـاعكــم‬
Obrigado pela vossa atenção
www.nepad.org

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