paper 3 tourism

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Paper 3 revision
Tourism
The growth of tourism
Why has tourism grown????
Physical and human attractions do
holiday destinations offer?
•
Weaker answers involved candidates talking about different types of holiday
(adventure, package etc.) Identification of physical factors tended to be clearer and
better than that of human factors.
What types of holiday are there?
How has an EU resort developed over time?
Explain how an EU resort fits the Butler model.
Blackpool
Benidorm
Some resorts move faster through the Bulter model. Benidorm moved
faster than Blackpool.
The multiplier effect
What are the effects of tourist
industry growth in a HIC and a LIC?
Many candidates were 'stuck' on two marks
here due to a lack of specific examples used.
Often a place name would be included, but the
impact would not be specific.
Explain how eco tourism protect the environment?
Explain how eco tourism benefit the local community?
• Ecotourism is tourism which helps protect the
environment and benefits the local people
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZDM70AX
1klM
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZDM70AX
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Explain how eco-tourism can protect the
environment. Refer to a case study you have
studied” (6 marks)
• “The Asa Wright Nature Centre, located in the Arima Valley in
the north of Trinidad in the Caribbean, was originally a coffee
and cocoa plantation. However, in 1967 the plantation
became the first eco-tourism project in the West Indies.
• Asa Wright was carefully planned in order that the Centre’s
impact on the environment was as limited as possible. The
ecotourism resort recycles all rubbish, with the compost used
to fertilise the kitchen gardens that supply the resort’s holiday
lodges. Likewise, waste water is re-used in order to reduce
the Centre’s impact on the environment. Furthermore, there
are strict restrictions on the development of the resort, so
much so that only 10% of the estate is actually open to
visitors. This means that the wildlife in 90% of the forest
remains undisturbed and is protected.
“Explain how eco-tourism can benefit local people. Refer to a
case study you have studied” .
The Asa Wright Nature Centre, located in the Arima Valley in the
north of Trinidad in the Caribbean, was originally a coffee and
cocoa plantation. However, in 1967 the plantation became the
first eco-tourism project in the West Indies.
• All of the staff at Asa Wright live in the Arima Valley, therefore
the Centre is an important provider of employment for local
people. All employees receive a fair wage and in addition to
this, they receive support and advice regarding matters such
as building and renovating their homes. They are even offered
interest-free loans to support them in improving their lives. In
addition to this, the staff at Asa Wright receive education and
training resulting in the opportunities available to them
increasing, and in turn improving their quality of life.

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