Baqarah113-121_Lesson17_Presentation

Report
Ayahs 113 – 121
Lesson #17
Ayah 113
The Jews say "The Christians have nothing [true]
to stand on," and the Christians say, "The Jews
have nothing to stand on," although they [both]
recite the Scripture. Thus the polytheists speak
the same as their words. But Allah will judge
between them on the Day of Resurrection
concerning that over which they used to differ.
Context
• A group of Christians came from Najran to
meet with the Prophet SAW and started
having an argument with the Jews
• Both groups went to extremes; both were
knowledgeable and read their books but had
divided the deen
• We’re right and everyone else is wrong; this is
also the same thing that people with no
knowledge say
Ayah 113 - Roots
• Haa Kaaf Meem – a judgment through which
oppression and injustice are stopped; the one
who makes the decision and implements it
too
– The truth will become clear on the Day of
Judgment
– Khaaw Laam Faa – one person does
something and the other refutes him
Humans defend themselves even if they are
wrong
Humans claim their belief is better than
others
Some disputes will remain till the Day of
Judgement
Allah will judge between them on the Day of
Judgement.
More Lessons…
• But the greatness of a human being lies in
him/her accepting his/her mistake
• What’s ironic is that they were reading the
same Book, its not a different book
• They’re obsessed with someone else, not
themselves
• A mohsin should be worried about themselves
and ask am I righteous enough? We should be
concerned about bettering ourselves
Lessons
• Allah SWT tells us not to point fingers at nonMuslims
• We don’t know the fate of any person
individually; we can judge ideas, beliefs but
NOT people
• Don’t think that there’s one single argument
that will own the other side because such
disputes no matter how clear the signs are or
how strong the proof is, will stay until the day
of judgment
What happens when people
do not stop disputing?
It results in sectarianism!
Lessons
• If you learn the truth from anywhere, accept it
• Don’t create biases when doing dawah
• Believe in ALL the books and messengers
• People with knowledge don’t argue
• Jews and Christians had enmity before;
because of their hatred against Muslims they
united
• Problem of unity: We don’t focus on the Book
Day to Day Disputes?
And if you disagree over anything,
refer it to Allāh and the Messenger,
[al-Nisaa: 59]
Until Next Week…
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Review translation of ayahs 107-113
Reflect
Share
Implement
Ayah 114
And who are more unjust than those who
prevent the name of Allah from being
mentioned in His mosques and strive toward
their destruction. It is not for them to enter
them except in fear. For them in this world is
disgrace, and they will have in the Hereafter a
great punishment.
Ayah 114 - Roots
• Mann – Question for interrogation
• Dhaaw laam meem – superlative degree; one
who is more unjust
• Meem noon aain – to stop; to prevent; can be
done by tongue, action, gesture
• Seen jeem daal – a place where sajdah is
done; referred to as Masaajid of Allah to
honor the masaajid
Ayah 114 - Roots
• Dhaal kaaf raaw – to mention; he stops the
mention
• Seen aain yaa – to do something fast; walk
fast; figuratively, used to put in a lot of effort
• Khaaw raw baa – crop/field that lays waste;
abandoned place/building/garden; when
something is ruined, lying empty, unpopulated
Ayah 114 – More Roots
• Khaaw Waaw Faa – 1. such people have no
right to enter the masjid; 2. such people
should not have entered the masjid with
arrogance
• Aain Dhaaw Meem – a great punishment in
this world and the hereafter
Zikr
Salah
Learning
Deen
Tilawah
Tongue
َ‫َّمنَ َع‬
Hand
Gesture
Dirty
Tangible
Distractions
‫َو َس َعى ِفَ خ ََراِبِ َا‬
Allah is hardly
mentioned
Intangible
Sect Labelled
Personal Benefits
In Dunya
Humiliation
In Akhirah
Great
Punishment
Double
Punishment
The masjid should not be
made a source of attaining
some personal benefit, they
should be exclusively for
the dhikr of Allah.
How do we stop people?
LESSONS
• 1. There are different degrees of doing wrong
(ad-lamu)
• 2. Doing anything to cause people to go away
from the masjid is forbidden
• 3. Any sin that is against Allah SWT and the
people, has double punishment too
Ayah 115
And to Allah belongs the east and
the west. So wherever you [might]
turn, there is the Face of Allah .
Indeed, Allah is all-Encompassing
and Knowing.
Ayah 115 - Roots
• Sheen Raaw Qaaf – rising of the sun/stars
• Ghaain Raaw Baa – setting of the sun/stars
• Thamma – used to point to a particular place
or direction
• Waaw seen aain – capacity; one that is very
vast 1. Vast in His control and 2. Vast in His
attributes (i.e. His Mercy encompasses
everything)
Focus is on Obedience of Allah
Context
• Once there was a group of companions who
were travelling; they had to pray, and it was
night, but in the morning they realized that
they had prayed in the wrong direction
• But Allah SWT still accepted their prayers,
because Allah’s knowledge is everywhere
• Qiblah changed from Jerusalem to Makkah;
Allah is not restricted to only one place
LESSONS
• We have limited worship to only the mosques
• Everything belongs to Allah, so wherever you
are, you have to worship Allah
• Allah SWT has made the entire earth a place
of sajdah for us 
• According to the best of your ability, find the
qiblah and pray (Qiblah apps)
• You are worshipping Allah so you don’t need
to be in a Muslim land to pray
Obedience to Allah
Ayah 116
They say, " Allah has taken a son."
Exalted is He! Rather, to Him belongs
whatever is in the heavens and the earth.
All are devoutly obedient to Him
Yahood
Uzair (a.s)
Nasaraa
Essa
(a.s)
Mushrikeen
Angels
A creation can’t be a son of a
Creator
Roots
• Seen baa haa – free from and above any
associations; free from having any undivine
attribute
• SubhanAllah – removing Allah SWT far from
any imperfections
– Everything in the Heavens and Earth belong to
Allah SWT; He is the Creator and Owner of
everything, but no biological connection
َ‫قَا ِنت‬
Obedient
Humble
Continuous
Obedience
• 2 Types:
• 1. General – humility and submissiveness of
everything in the heavens and earth; Allah
SWT has fixed the laws of nature and all of
creation is abiding by it (i.e. mountains, wind,
trees)
• 2. Specific – ibaadah (worship);
Ayah 117
Originator of the heavens and the
earth. When He decrees a matter, He
only says to it, "Be," and it is.
Roots
• Baa daal aain – to create something without
an existing specimen; to create something
unique; never existed before
– Note: the word Biddaah is from the same root;
nothing like this existed before in the time of the
Prophet SAW
–Qaaf daawd yaa – a final decision
•It is possible for Allah to create a child (Isa A.S.)
without a father; Adam A.S. was created without
any parents
LESSONS
• Allah has power over everything
• Everything is obeying Allah SWT
• It has been completely negated in this ayah
that Allah SWT has children
• Allah SWT is above all weaknesses and does
not need children to support Him
Ayah 118
Those who do not know say, "Why does Allah
not speak to us or there come to us a sign?"
Thus spoke those before them like their words.
Their hearts resemble each other. We have
shown clearly the signs to a people who are
certain [in faith].
Roots
• Law Laa – how come; how come Allah SWT
doesn’t talk to us directly and tell us that you
are a messenger
• Hamza taa yaa – their own miracles that they
demanded; previous nations used to say the
same thing
– People of Makkah would come to the Prophet
SAW and demand miracles
Roots
• Sheen baa haa – their hearts are similar in
their rejection/stubbornness; if the thinking is
similar, then actions will be alike too
– Even with miracles, people wouldn’t believe; the
Qu’ran was the biggest miracle; when the moon
was split, they called it magic
• Yaa qaaf noon – whoever has yaqeen (belief
with certainty), will believe in the clear signs
– A person who has made up their mind not to
believe will not believe
LESSONS
• The messengers were not magicians
• The truth should be recognized by the truth
itself
• Sometimes people don’t accept the truth
because its coming from an “ordinary” person
• Whatever is in our hearts, comes out in our
speech
Ayah 119
Indeed, We have sent you,
[O Muhammad], with the truth as a
bringer of good tidings and a warner,
and you will not be asked about the
companions of Hellfire.
Roots
• Raaw seen laam – sending someone with a
message; what you have brought to the
people is the truth (Quran and sunnah)
• Baa sheen raaw – giver of good news
• Noon dhaa raaw – to warn; it’s a warning
that’s given ahead of time
• Seen hamza laam – Prophet SAW will not be
asked about the people who enter hell-fire;
job is to convey only
Roots
• Jeem haa meem – a lion’s stare at its prey;
Jahannam is intensely waiting for people to
enter it; also a person who is red-eyed (they’re
hot tempered); so it’s a place of heat and
burning
Lessons
• Everything that the prophet SAW taught us is
true
• In the Qu’ran there is good news and warning
• When doing dawah, you can’t force the deen
upon people
• A believer is one whose good news makes him
happy, and whose bad news makes him sad
REFLECTION: What is our reaction
when we read about Jannah vs.
Jahannam
HOMEWORK?
Creating a Forgive and Forget Card
Ayah 120
And never will the Jews or the Christians
approve of you until you follow their religion.
Say, "Indeed, the guidance of Allah is the [only]
guidance." If you were to follow their desires
after what has come to you of knowledge, you
would have against Allah no protector or
helper.
CONTEXT
• The prophet SAW is being addressed here, and
then all the believers
• Prophet SAW wanted guidance for everyone;
but here, he’s being told that not everyone
will accept
ROOTS
• Taa baa aain – to completely follow their ways
• Meem laam laam – religion; followers of a
particular religion; religious community
• Ah waa ahum – lit. to fall; their religion is not
based on truth, rather desires
Context
• The guidance that is offered by Allah in the
Qu’ran is the only guidance
• Guidance is not about being in a particular
group; its attained by following the guidance
• If you follow their desires (assimilate) then
you will have no protecting friend nor
someone who will take you out of trouble
َ‫ن َِص ري‬
َ‫َو ِ ر ِل‬
After
Trouble
Before
Trouble
Takes you
out from
the trouble
Protect from
getting in
trouble
LESSONS
• Warning against complete ASSIMILATION
• If we leave what Allah SWT wants us to follow,
then we will lose Allah’s help
• We shouldn’t compromise deen to get praise
of people in this world
• If you leave knowledge, its not ignorance, its
following your desires
EXAMPLES OF ASSIMILATION
Ayah 121
Those to whom We have given the Book
recite it with its true recital. They [are the
ones who] believe in it. And whoever
disbelieves in it - it is they who are the
losers.
Roots
• Taa laam waaw – follow; reciting; only used
for the reading of revealed scripture;
recitation which is followed by
understanding/action
Tilawah
Tilawah
Lafziyyah
Recitation of
the Words of
the Book
Tilawah
Ma’nawiyya
h
Understand
the text of the
Book
Tilawah
Amaliyyah
Implement the
Commands of
the Book
Follow the
Commands
Stay away
from
Prohibited
Acts
LESSONS
• If a person truly believes in the book, then
he/she must follow all 3 aspects
• This ayah was revealed primarily for the Bani
Israel who believed in the Prophet SAW; they
recited the Torah and understood it, and
implemented it by believing in the Prophet
SAW
• To recite and understood the Book is a great
honor
More Lessons
• Simply having the Book is not enough
• Iman becomes visible through Aml; one of the
signs of imaan (faith) is giving the rights of the
Book
Until next class…
• Review translation of ayahs 114-121
• Next week inshAllah: Lesson 18 (ayahs 122129)
• Reflect, implement, share 

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