Review for Test 2 Chapter 2 & 3 The 1s and 0s that a digital device works with are referred to as ____ digits. Character data Numeric Data Binary Numbers ASCII The speed specifications that you see in a computer ad indicate the speed of the microprocessor ____. Control Unit Register RAM Clock Intel’s budget processor is called the ____. Athalon Pentium Celeron Titanium C++, Java, COBOL, and Visual Basic are ______ languages. High level Machine Microprocessor Foreign Software ____ are companies that specialize in packaging, marketing, and selling commercial software. Marketers Produces Publishers Makers The ____ operating system was developed in 1969 at AT&T's Bell Labs. Windows Mac OS X Linux Unix ____ means a billion cycles per second. Gigahertz Megahertz Exahertz Kilohertz Hard disk and tape storage technologies can be classified as ____ storage. Optical Magnetic Slow Volatile ____ access is the ability of a device to "jump" directly to the requested data. Random Volatile Directed Sequential Which of the following is considered to be optical storage? Floppy Disk DVD RAM Tape DPI is a measurement of quality for what? Monitor Printer Hard drive Memory CRT stands for: Common RAM techonolgy Computer read technology Cathode ray tube Computer ROM tube The program that starts the computer is called the: Operating system Bootstrap DOS GUI The two parts of the processor are the ____ & the _______. Control Unit, ALU ALU, RAM RAM, Virtual Memory ALU, registers A computer with fewer instructions on the ROM chip is considered to be: RISC CISC TISC TASC All of the following increase processing speed except… Parallel processing Pipelining Serial Processing All of the above increase processing Software built for a certain type of business is called: Horizontal market software Flat market software Vertical market software Specialized market software Microsoft Office is an example of a(n): Spreadsheet Program Vertical Market Program Software Suite Operating System All of the following are examples of application software except: Powerpoint Internet Explorer Instant Messenger Windows XP Which of the following is best suited for answering what-if questions? Word Excel Powerpoint Outlook All of the data about one entity in a database is entered into a _____. Field File Disk Space Record Which software program would you use to create blueprints and product specifications? CAD CD Ripper MIDI Database Accounting software is a good example of: Vertical market software Horizontal market software Software suite Networking Software A programmer uses a _____ to prepare instructions into a format the computer can read. Object coder Suite Transformer Compiler RAM is considered to be: Magnetic Memory Volatile Memory Non-volatile Memory Permanent _____ is the rate that the computer redraws the screen. Plasma Rate Refresh Rate Redraw Rate Flicker Rate A printer that spits ink onto the paper through small nozzles is: Ink jet Laser jet Dot matrix Thermal Transfer Which of the following optical media stores the most data? CD-R CD-ROM DVD-ROM CD-RW Tape drives read data through: Random access Sequential access Straight Access Limted Access Character data can be represented in all of the following except: ASCII Unicode EBCIDIC PORTI The chip that stores your computer configuration and requires a small battery is: ROM RAM CMOS DOS ROM’s function is: Tell the computer where the hard drive is during booting Remember computer’s name on the network Control configuration files Temporarily store instructions for the ALU All of the following are volatile memory storage devices except: RAM Registers CMOS ROM Higher disk ____ allows for increased storage. Quality Density Allocation Volatility _______time is the average time the computer takes in locating the media and reading it. Access time Read time Focus time Refresh time Generally, which of the following is the least expensive monitor type? CRT LCD Plasma They’re all about the same SVGA and XGA are examples of: Print quality Monitor resolutions Expansion cards Vertical market software A GUI interface : Allows you to manipulate icons and files in a graphical environment Requires the user to memorize commands Was first developed by Microsoft in AT&T labs in the 1960s Is another name for the surface of a magnetic disk If plug and play doesn’t work, you’ll need to install a ____ to get your peripheral to work. Operating System BIOS software Device driver Helper file Magnetic storage can be endangered by: Dust Magnets Heat All of the above ALU stands for Arithmetic Learning Unit Arithmetic Linking Unit Arithmetic Logic Unit Arithmetic Load Unit The light data areas on a CD or DVD are called: Lands Pits Scratches Cells All of the following are magnetic storage devices except: Floppy disk Hard drive Zip Disk Compact Flash Card Tests run to test the overall speed of a processor are called: Comparison matches Benchmarks Quality Control Prototyping RAM is generally measured in: Kilobytes Megabytes Exabytes Megabits A file that runs when you click on it is generally called a(n): Operating system Office suite Executable file Compressed file The compiled code that the computer understands is called: Source Code Object Code Secret Code Machine Code The operating system is responsible for: Booting the computer Storing records in databases Providing the user interface Keeping the time when the computer is turned off.