مضاف إليه - Miraath Publications

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Live lesson
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22:00
(KSA time)
Taught by
Abu Ismaeel
Saalik Ad-deen
Ahmed
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PREVIOUSLY
COVERED IN
LESSON 4b
1. Exercises from lesson 4a
2 . Vo c a b u l a r y f o r l e s s o n 4 b
3. Grammar for lesson 4b
1.Prepositions
2.Pronouns
1.Lesson 4b from the text book
TEXT BOOK
LESSON 4b
‫أنا من اليابان‬
‫ال‬
‫عم ٌار من الصين‬
‫ّ‬
‫هو من الهند‬
‫ب إلى المدير‬
‫َذ َه َ‬
‫علي إلى المرحاض‬
‫ب ٌّ‬
‫ال‪َ ,‬ذ َه َ‬
‫على‬
‫إلى‬
‫من‬
‫في‬
‫من‬
‫إلى‬
VOCABULARY
T h e K a ’ b a h : ‫الكعبة‬
T h e S o n : ‫االبن‬
T h e M a t e r n a l U n c l e : ‫الخال‬
T h e C a r : ‫السيارة‬
ّ
LESSON 5
Closed : ‫ق‬
ٌ َ‫ُمغل‬
T h e r e : ‫اك‬
َ ‫ُهَن‬
T h e M e s s e n g e r : ‫الرسول‬
T h e N a m e : ‫االسم‬
T h e P a t e r n a l U n c l e : ‫العم‬
T h e B a g : ‫الحقيبة‬
T h e S t r e e t : ‫الشارع‬
B e n e a t h / U n d e r : ‫حت‬
َ َ‫ت‬
GRAMMAR
‫ مضاف و مضاف إليه‬- ‫اإلضافة‬
The Possessive Expression
‫ اإلضافة‬is used to show how one noun belongs to another noun
or is possessed by another noun.
Example:‫سيارةُ المدير‬
ّ
The manager’s car
‫سيارةُ مدير‬
ّ
A manager’s car
‫سيارة‬
ّ : ‫ المضاف‬/ The possessed
‫ المدير‬: ‫ المضاف إليه‬/ The possessor
LESSON 5
The ‫ مضاف‬always precedes the ‫مضاف إليه‬
The ‫ مضاف‬changes it’s case ending depending on it’s function in
the sentence, however, the ‫ مضاف إليه‬is always ‫مجرور‬
‫سيارةُ المدير‬
ّ
The manager’s car
-
‫ المضاف‬: The Possessed
Always precedes the ‫مضاف إليه‬
- Can be in any case (nominative - dhammah, genitive - kasrah, accusative fatthah)
- By default it is definite even though it doesn’t have ‘al’ before it
- It doesn’t accept the tanween.
- ‫المضاف إليه‬
- Can be definite or indefinite
- Is always in the genitive case
: The Possessor
Indeclinable words : ‫كلمات مبنية‬
In Arabic some words are indeclinable, meaning that their
endings do not change regardless of their function within a
sentence or what they are preceded by. These types of words
in Arabic are referred to as being ‫مبنية‬.
Examples:
‫كتاب َمن هذا؟‬
ُ = ‫َمن‬
‫أين خرج محمد؟‬
َ ‫أين = من‬
َ
‫هذا = خرج محمد من هذا الفصل‬
‫حت‬
َ َ‫ ت‬/ Beneath, under
The noun that follows ‫ تحت‬takes the genitive case because it is
‫مضاف إليه‬
Example:
‫الحقيب ُة تحت المكتب‬
The bag is underneath the desk
‫همزة الوصل و همزة القطع‬
The Arabic letter ‘ ‫ ا‬- Alif’ is of two types:
1 – ‫ همزة القطع‬- ‫ أ‬: Hamza tul-qat’ – This type of Hamza is
always pronounced.
‫أين ذهب محمد و أين ذهب علي‬
2 -‫ همزة الوصل‬- ‫ ا‬: Hamza tul-wasl – Some words begin with
this type of Hamza. If that word is preceded by a word or
letter then this Hamza is not pronounced, however, it
remains in written form.
‫ابن اإلمام طبيب وابن المدير مدرس‬
‫ النداء‬: Vocative Particle
In Arabic a word that is used for calling someone is called
An-nidaa ‫ النداء‬and in Arabic we use ‘‫ ’يا‬for this purpose.
Example:
a teacher : ‫مدرس‬
oh teacher : ‫مدرس‬
‫يا‬
ُ
- The word that follows the ‫ نداء‬is referred to as ‫المنادى‬.
- The ‫ منادى‬is usually in the nominative case and even if the
‫ منادى‬is indefinite it still only takes one vowel.
LESSON 5
TEXTBOOK
THANK YOU
‫شكرن‬
Miraathpublications.net

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