Promote and Practice Social Entrepreneurship: Social Work Education Presented By: Monica Nandan, Ph.D., MSW, MBA WHO ARE social entrepreneurs Dees, Emerson, and Economy (2001) define a social entrepreneur as “innovative, opportunity-oriented, resourceful, value-creating change agents” (p. 4). Gray, Healy, and Crofts (2003) view social entrepreneurs as innovators who balance an organization’s economic and social goals, “who value local initiative and participation” (p. 148), and who seek “social justice outcomes” to “guide the mission and evaluation of social entrepreneurial activity” (p. 149). Light (2006) defines a social entrepreneur as “an individual, group, network, organization, or alliance of organizations that seeks sustainable, large-scale change through pattern-breaking ideas in what governments, nonprofits, and businesses do to address significant social problems” (p. 50). Sharir and Lerner (2006) perceive social entrepreneurs as “social change agents” who “create and sustain social value without being limited to resources currently in hand” (p. 3). , Skoll Foundation views social entrepreneurs as transformational change agents who “pioneer innovative and systemic approaches for meeting the needs of the marginalized—the disadvantaged and the disenfranchised— populations that lack the financial means or political clout to achieve lasting benefits on their own” (p. 41). Social Entrepreneurs… Act with the intent to eliminate societal distress, rather than appease it. Are a new generation of social change agents implementing innovative solutions to change social equilibrium in sustainable fashion. Emerge primarily when prevailing wisdom and paradigm unable to explain and solve complex issues. Continuously create social value. SE vs. SE Social entrepreneurship is not the same as starting/running a social enterprise. What is social enterprise? An organization that advances its social mission through earned income strategies Social enterprise could be a tool/ a mechanism for a social entrepreneurs to bring innovation to fruition. What is social intrapreneurship New ventures created within an organization, by developing an innovative product/service/process that involves risk, is proactive, and addresses an issue differently than in the past. What do social intrapreneurs do? Doing things outside the “norm” and SOP. Acting on opportunity without being limited by resources Proactive change agents within organizations Work with the leadership of the organization What is social service management Tasks fall into following categories: Planning Budgeting & Financial management Human resource management Program development Resource development Data management Marketing Governance What can we accentuate in social work education… Improved networking skills Working across systems and disciplines simultaneously Risk taking Recognizing opportunity Information coupling Tolerating ambiguity Ability to adapt quickly. RISK INNOVATION PROACTIVE INITIATIVE HIGH LOW SE Continuum Similarities & Differences Similarities in knowledge, values and competencies Differences in knowledge, values, competencies What does each one create/added value, each time? Why is SE and SI relevant for social work managers? Funding & Funder criteria Impact Sustainability Ethics Innovation Social Work Managers as change agents Compare and contrast Management knowledge SE & SI knowledge Skills & Competencies Skills & Competencies Vision & Social Value Vision and Social Values Internships Interdisciplinary internships PLAN Mapping Route to Destination… Social Entrepreneurship Social Intrapreneurship Human Service organization management Community and stakeholder Today… Cross sector alliances Triple bottom line SE & SI Steps Implementation science for launching Resources and people Intervention/program/organization structure Examining competency and competitive advantage Engaging community & understanding issue comprehensively CAUSES: DOMINO EFFECT WHERE TO INTERVENE From Visioning to managing SE •Creative/Innovative … •Risk taking •Proactive SE MGMT SI •Ensure you are generating enough income to live on. •Programs •Resources •Supervision •Support ed by SE mgmt SE and SW Education Macro practice courses in social work Management Community organizing/planning/development Policy practice Handful of schools offer courses in social entrepreneurship. SE education: more management focused; monodisciplinary; Limited attention to community participation, cultural competency, development of collective vision with community, and focus on “root cause.” University of TX, Austin: Exception. Move from monomultiintertrans-disciplinary educational model for SE. 2010 Social Work Congress approved the following imperative… Infuse model of sustainable business and management practices in social work education…. Multi/inter/trans Disciplinary Models for SE education Multidisciplinary: each discipline offers courses specific to them. Interdisciplinary: faculty and students plan/interact/synthesize knowledge from partnering disciplines Transdisciplinary: community members/beneficiaries/stakeholders participate in curriculum development and implementation. Proposed Model for SE Education Key faculty from relevant disciplines/prof Key administrators in College/Univ Facilitator of Process SE EDU MODEL Students from specified disciplines/prof Community stake holders Funders/ businesses SW: Interdisciplina ry Bio, Psy Cash Social work borrows from diverse disciplines… Social Work Eco, Pol,Soc, Proposal…. Social work profession well poised to lead/facilitate transdisciplinary education…for Social Entrepreneurship. MPA and MBA focus on internal characteristics and tasks (e.g., finance, marketing, budgeting etc) MSW macro practice focus on external tasks (e.g., community organizing, mobilizing, community development etc). Time is right to collaboratively teach. NASW Ex. Director: calling for social workers to reinvent themselves (2009) Monica Nandan, Department of Social Work and Human Services Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA.