Medical Terminology

Report
Medical Terminology
A Word-Building Approach
Seventh Edition
CHAPTER
2
Suffixes
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Learning Outcomes
• Recognize how suffixes are used when
building medical words.
• Identify adjective, noun, and diminutive
suffixes.
• Be aware of suffixes that have more than
one meaning.
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Learning Outcomes
• Recognize suffixes that pertain to
pathological conditions.
• Identify selected suffixes common to
surgical and diagnostic procedures.
• Analyze, build, spell, and pronounce
medical words.
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Overview of Suffixes
• Suffix means to fasten on, beneath, or
under.
• A suffix can be a syllable or group of
syllables united with or placed at the end
of a word to alter or modify the meaning of
the word or to create a new word.
• A suffix is connected to a root or to a
combining form to make new words.
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Overview of Suffixes
• A compound suffix is made up of more
than one word component. It too is added
to a root or a combining form to modify its
meaning.
• Whenever you change the suffix, you alter
the meaning of the word to which it is
attached.
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Overview of Suffixes
• The following guidelines pertain to
suffixes:
– If the suffix begins with a vowel, drop the
combining vowel from the combining form
and add the suffix.
– If the suffix begins with a consonant, keep the
combining vowel and add the suffix to the
combining form.
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Overview of Suffixes
• The following guidelines pertain to
suffixes:
– Keep the combining vowel between two or
more roots in a term.
– When giving the meaning of the word or
reading its definition, you usually begin with
the meaning of the suffix.
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
General Use Suffixes
• All suffixes, when written, are preceded by
a hyphen (–) to signify that they are to be
linked to the end of a root or combining
form.
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Insert table 2-1
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Table 2.1 (continued)
Selected Suffixes for General Use
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Insert table 2-1
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Table 2.1 (continued)
Selected Suffixes for General Use
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Grammatical Suffixes
• Those suffixes that can be attached to a
word root to form a part of speech,
especially a noun or adjective, or to make
a medical word singular or plural in form.
• Suffixes are also used to indicate a
diminutive form of a word that specifies a
smaller version of the object indicated by
the word root.
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Insert Table 2-2
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Insert Table 2-3
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Insert Table 2-4
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
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Insert Table 2-5
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
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Table 2.5 (continued)
Selected Suffixes That Have More Than One Meaning
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Insert Table 2-6
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Table 2.6 (continued)
Selected Suffixes That Pertain To Pathological Conditions
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Insert Table 2-6
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Table 2.6 (continued)
Selected Suffixes That Pertain To Pathological Conditions
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Table 2.6 (continued)
Selected Suffixes That Pertain To Pathological Conditions
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Insert Table 2-6
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Insert Table 2-7
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Insert Table 2-7
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
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Table 2.7 (continued)
Selected Suffixes Used in Surgical and Diagnostic Procedures
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Table 2.7 (continued)
Selected Suffixes Used in Surgical and Diagnostic Procedures
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Audio Pronunciations
•
•
•
•
•
Abrasion
Anesthetize
Arousal
Asymmetrical
Asystole
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Audio Pronunciations
•
•
•
•
Comatose
Epithelium
Exogenous
Grandiose
grand/i = great
-ose = pertaining to
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Audio Pronunciations
•
•
•
•
•
Gynecoid
Hypertrophy
Infection
Irregular
Nasolabial
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Audio Pronunciations
•
•
•
•
Palpate
Steroid
Trauma
Turgor
turg = swelling
-or = one who
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Suffix Match Up Quiz
1. -cide
2. -gen
3. -plegia
4. -rrhea
5. -rrhexis
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
formation
flow
rupture
to kill
paralysis
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
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Review Quiz
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
A suffix that means pain is:
A. -algia
B. -cide
C. -dipsia
D. -stasis
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
A suffix that means pain is:
A. -algia
B. -cide
C. -dipsia
D. -stasis
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix -dipsia means:
A. point
B. forming
C. thirst
D. to separate
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix -dipsia means:
A. point
B. forming
C. thirst
D. to separate
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Which of the following is
not a suffix?
A. -an
B. -ase
C. -ate
D. -al
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Which of the following is
not a suffix?
A. -an
B. -ase
C. -ate
D. -al
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix -ism means:
A. mind
B. resemble
C. condition
D. spitting
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix -ism means:
A. mind
B. resemble
C. condition
D. spitting
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix -kinesis means:
A. hearing
B. motion
C. seizure
D. swelling
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix -kinesis means:
A. hearing
B. motion
C. seizure
D. swelling
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix -malacia means
madness.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix -malacia means
madness.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
When giving the meaning of a word, you
usually begin with the meaning of the suffix.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
When giving the meaning of a word, you
usually begin with the meaning of the suffix.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Nasolabial means pertaining to
the nose and mouth.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Nasolabial means pertaining to
the nose and mouth.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix -gram means an
instrument used for recording.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix -gram means an
instrument used for recording.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Suffixes can have more
than one meaning.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Suffixes can have more
than one meaning.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix for enlargement is
-megaly.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix for enlargement is
-megaly.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix for swelling is -edema.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix for swelling is -edema.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
An abrasion may be the result of
trauma, such as a skinned knee.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
An abrasion may be the result of
trauma, such as a skinned knee.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix -systole means
dilation.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
The suffix -systole means
dilation.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
If the suffix begins with a consonant, keep the
combining vowel and add the suffix to the
combining form.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
If the suffix begins with a consonant, keep the
combining vowel and add the suffix to the
combining form.
A. True
B. False
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
A noun suffix that means specialist
is:
A. -ive
B. -ist
C. -ism
D. -ior
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
A noun suffix that means specialist
is:
A. -ive
B. -ist
C. -ism
D. -ior
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
In the word cardiac, -ac is an
adjective suffix that means:
A. condition
B. treatment
C. pertaining to
D. small
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
In the word cardiac, -ac is an
adjective suffix that means:
A. condition
B. treatment
C. pertaining to
D. small
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
In the word edematous, -ous is an
adjective suffix that means:
A. pain
B. minute
C. discharge
D. pertaining to
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.
In the word edematous, -ous is an
adjective suffix that means:
A. pain
B. minute
C. discharge
D. pertaining to
Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition
Jane Rice
Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
All rights reserved.

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