Eco-Design ITD

Report
Eco Design
1
General Objectives
GENERAL ACARE OBJECTIVES
• 80% cut in NOx emissions
• Halving perceived aircraft noise
• 50% cut in CO2 emissions per pass-Km by drastic fuel consumption reduction
• A green design, manufacturing, maintenance and disposal product life cycle
ECO 2011 AR
Eco-Design ITD Definition
ECO-DESIGN ITD
EDA – Airframe
EDS – Systems
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EDA - Eco-Design for Airframe
General Objectives
Development of A/C technologies to reduce environmental
impacts during out of operation phases of the A/C lifecycle
Reduction of
inputs and
outputs
Technology
areas along
the lifecycle
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EDS - Eco-Design for Systems
General Objectives
• Validate an a/c design methodology and tools for optimisation of the
All Electric A/C (AEA)
• Integration at a/c level of AEA electrical & thermal technologies
Common Architecture Studies (Generic Arch.)
Requirements
Modelisation, simulations, validations
Bizjet Application (ECO)
Regional Application (GRA)
Rotorcraft Application (GRC)
ECO
Technologies Devt
SGO
• ECS, anti / de-icing
• Electrical generators, Starters
• ...
GRA
GRC
Electrical & Thermal
Benches definition
Electrical Test Bench
Global Iron Bird
Energy : Iron Bird
Thermal bench
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Thermal Test Bench
Environmental Targets
EDA : reduction of environmental impacts during out of operation
phases of the a/c lifecycle
Environmental
aspect
Process emission:
e.g.CO2
Hazardous material
Type
Rational
Target
Quantitative
ACARE, Emission trading
20% reduction
Qualitative
REACH
Compliance to
regulations
15% reduction
Energy
Quantitative
Recycling of material Qualitative
Resource consumption
Future regulation on recycling
and waste management
EDS: Benefits brought by the All Electric A/C concept to be
highlighted through of the conceptual A/C (Vehicle ITDs)
•
•
•
•
Mass benefits and energy management  fuel consumption reduction (2%)
Removing of hydraulic noxious fluids
Increase a/c availability through more efficient maintenance
Limit the amount of ground and flight tests during design phase
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Eco-Design for Airframe Technical Areas
Area 1 : new
materials &
surfaces
Area 4 : end of life
management
Raw Materials
Elimination
Recycling
Eco-Design
for Airframe
Manufacturing
Green Repair
Area 3 : long life
structure
Product
Maintenance
Use
General objectives : Eco-Design and Green Manufacturing
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Area 2 : green
manufacturing
EDA Technical Overview
Technology Selection
State of the art
235 technologies
“Clustering” and
downsizing
157 Remaining
technologies
Trade-off based
on a scoring
110 selected
technologies
Technology Development
Scoping
2010
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2011–2012–2013
EDA Technical Overview
Examples of Technology
Incremental sheet forming
Replacement of chemical
machining by mechanical
machining
Press Forming of TS
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EDA Technical Overview
Lifecycle Analysis (LCA) Logic
Technologies
Eco-Statement
23 A/C Reference
parts
Material & Process
Technologies
(current & innovative)
LCA on
Reference
parts
Combination
for A/C
extrapolation
Bill of Materials &
Processes
A/C Material &
Process cakes
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A/C Level EcoStatement
(current & innovative)
EDA Technical Overview
Demonstration
10 Airframe Demonstrators
Light Alloys /
Green
metallics
Metallic
alloys,
processes
and surface
treatments
Mg alloys
Panel
A
Panel
B
Panel
C
Panel
D
Panel geometry:
Length: 40” – 80”
Radius (OML): 1100mm (43.3”)
Low Energy
Curing
Low Energy
Curing
TP a/c
structures
TP a/c
structures
Low Energy
Curing
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Low Energy
Curing
EDA Technical Overview
Demonstration
Green PU
foams for
seating
6 Equipment demonstrators
Biocomposites for cabin
interior applications
Metallic alloys,
processes and
surface treatments
Biocomposites
for cabin
interior
applications
Composites for high
temperatures
Materials for electronics
2 cabin interior demonstrators
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EDS Technical Overview
Methodology Overview
Electrical Test Bench
Thermal Test Bench
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EDS Technical Overview
Methodology Overview
Architecture trade-off
Arch. 1: Baseline
…
Arch. 2
Arch. n
A/C Optimization
Specifications
and requirements
Technology
Architecture
Refinement
Components
& S/S Def.
Models
Data
…
Optimization Loop
Status
…
A/C Sizing
A/C Level Ecolonomic Comparison
More Electrical Architecture Selection and Benefits Assessment
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EDS Technical Overview
Methodology Development
Objectives:
• Detail methodology for A/C Optimization
and Trade-off and “Ecolonomic” Analysis
• Define and develop (if necessary)
associated modeling tools
Development of a platform including:
•
•
•
•
•
ENAM – Electrical Network Analysis Model
EMM – Energy Management Model
ThM – Thermal Model
APOM - Advanced Project Optimisation Model
EAT - Ecolonomic Analysis Model
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EDS Technical Overview
Electrical Tests
Objectives:
To test the VS Generic Architecture and the
specific architectures for business jet, regional
aircraft and helicopter from the electrical point
of view. It will validate the TRL 5 of the tested
equipments and modeling methodology
Test Rig based on the Copper Bird at SAFRAN /
Hispano-Suiza (Colombes, France)
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EDS Technical Overview
Electrical Tests
Objective:
Thermal Bench Definition
Validation of the methodology and associated
modeling for the thermal point of view
Test Rig integrated in a pressure vessel at
Fraunhofer premises in Holskirchen (Germany)

composite cockpit fuselage
metallic cabin fuselage
Aircraft Calorimeter
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
metallic aft fuselage
Thank you for your attention
Contact details (to be added)

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