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Report
SOLAR PV MARKET DEVELOPMENT UNDER THE FEED-IN
TARIFF MECHANISM IN MALAYSIA
Gladys Mak
gladys @seda.gov.my
Director, Feed-in Tariff Division
Sustainable Energy Development Authority Malaysia
ASEAN-India Workshop on Cooperation in New & RE
5th November 2012
Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, India
1
Malaysia: Background
Population: 29.51 million (as of 29/10/12)
 Land size: 330,000 km2
 GNP per capita (2010): USD 15,190
 GHG emission increased 36.5% (2010
from 8.8 % in 2000), with the energy
sector being the main contributor
TNB / SEB / SESB
Generation
Gas Plants
Hydro
Plants
IPP
Distillate
Plants
Gas Plants
Transmission
TNB / SEB / SESB
Distribution
TNB / SEB / SESB
Consumers
Domestic
Commercial
Industrial2
Public Lighting
Coal
Plants
Mining
Generation
under the Feedin Tariff
Mechanism
Agriculture
2
Electricity Scenario in Malaysia
Installed Capacity by Fuel Type, 2010
Generation Mix by Fuel Type, 2010
Source: Electricity Supply Industry in Malaysia, Performance & Statistical
Information, 2010 published by the Energy Commission
Malaysia: Technical Potential of PV
 Lies directly within the sunbelt
 Technical potential of PV ≈ 7.8 TWh,
 Yearly average irradiance 1,400-1,900
kWj/m2
• As of end of 2011, off-grid PV dominated
the PV market in Malaysia
– Off-grid PV – 11 MW
– On-grid PV – 2.5 MW
4
Status of PV Market in Malaysia in 2011
• The on-grid PV market was driven by the
Malaysia Building Integrated PV (MBIPV)
Project (2006 - 2010) which provided
capital subsidy for 2 MW PV systems
(households + commercial)
• Off-grid PV market focuses on rural
electrification especially in Sabah and
Sarawak (East of Malaysia)
What next?
How to further grow the Solar
PV Market?
5
Malaysian National Renewable Energy Policy & Action Plan
Approved by Cabinet on 2nd April 2010
Policy Statement:
Enhancing the utilisation of indigenous renewable energy resources to
contribute towards national electricity supply security and sustainable
socio-economic development.
Objectives:





To increase RE contribution in the national power generation mix;
To facilitate the growth of the RE industry;
To ensure reasonable RE generation costs;
To conserve the environment for future generation; and
To enhance awareness on the role and importance of RE.
6
Strategic Thrusts of the National RE Policy
Strategic Thrust 2: Provide
Conducive Business
Environment for RE
Strategic Thrust 3: Intensify
Human Capital
Development
Strategic Thrust 1:
Introduce Legal and
Regulatory Framework
Strategic Thrust 5: Create
Public Awareness & RE
Policy Advocacy
Programmes
Strategic Thrust 4: Enhance
RE Research and
Development
7
RE Goals under the RE Policy
25,000
Cumulative RE Installed Capacity
2030
3.5 GW
Solar PV
20,000
Solid Waste
2020
2.1 GW
Mini Hydro
2050
11.5 GW
2050:
21.4 GW (73%)
44.2 GWh/Yr (24%)
Cum. 629.2 mil T-CO2
Biogas
15,000
MW
Biomass
RE (RE Policy & Action Plan)
2030:
4,000 MW (17%)
17.2 GWh/Yr (12%)
Cum. 163.2 mil T-CO2
RE (Business as Usual)
10,000
2020:
2,080 MW (11%)
11.3 GWh/Yr (9%)
Cum. 45.7 mil T-CO2
2015:
985 MW (6%)
5.4 GWh/Yr (5%)
Cum. 11.7 mil T-CO2
5,000
HH/200411
Year
8
2050
2049
2048
2047
2046
2045
2044
2043
2042
2041
2040
2039
2038
2037
2036
2035
2034
2033
2032
2031
2030
2029
2028
2027
2026
2025
2024
2023
2022
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
2011
-
Renewable Energy Act 2011
RE
Act: an Act to provide for the establishment and implementation of
a special tariff system to catalyze the generation of renewable energy
and to provide for related matters.

Comprises of 9 Parts and 65 Clauses
 Part I: Preliminary








Part II: FiT System
Part III: Connection, Purchase and Distribution of RE
Part IV: Feed-in Tariff
Part V: Renewable Energy Fund
Part VI: Information Gathering Powers
Part VII: Enforcement
Part VIII: General
Part IX: Savings and Transitional
Passed in Parliament: 27th April 2011
9
Subsidiary Legislations
1. Renewable Energy (Feed-in Approval and Feed-in Tariff Rate)
Rules 2011
2. Renewable Energy (Technical and Operational Requirements)
Rules 2011
3. Renewable Energy (REPPA) Rules 2011
4. Renewable Energy (Criteria for Renewable Resources)
Regulations 2011
5. Renewable Energy (Allocation from Electricity Tariffs) Order
2011
6. Renewable Energy (Recovery of Moneys by Distribution
Licensee) Rules 2011
7. Renewable Energy (Administrative Fees) Rules 2011
http://seda.gov.my/go-home.php?omaneg=00010100000001010101000100001000000000
000000000000&s=1207
10
SEDA Malaysia
– SEDA Malaysia established on 1st September 2011 under the
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
SEDA Act 2011.
implement, manage, monitor & review the Feed-In Tariff
system
advise the Minister & Government Entities on all matters
relating to sustainable energy
to promote & implement national policy objectives for RE
implement sustainable energy laws including the Renewable
Energy Act & recommend reforms
promote private sector investment in sustainable energy sector
measures to improve public awareness
act as focal point on matters relating to sustainable energy &
climate change matters relating to energy
11
The birth of a sustainable Solar PV
Market – the Introduction of FiT in
Malaysia
FiT Mechanism For Malaysia
Note*:
Domestic
consumers
consuming
<350kWh are exempted
from contributing to the
RE Fund
Residential
sector
Commercial
sector
Industrial sector
Electricity Bills =
100% + 1% (RE Fund
Contribution)*
{1% for RE Fund}
{(FiT – displaced cost) + admin fee}
RE
Fund
“displaced cost” = electricity supply cost
at interconnection point
REPPA
License + Fee
FiT fee
{FiT payment }
{FiT application }
Solar BIPV
buildings
Bank
RE Act 2011
SEDA Malaysia
{FiT payment}
RE developers
Bank
13
Source of Fund for FiT
Source of Funding
1.0%
 2011 - additional tariffs collection
from electricity bills
15.2%
38.4%
20.2%
 Every RM100/Month - RM1 for
RE
 Additional 1% (proposed in 2013)
1%
25.3%
The size of RE fund will determine the
RE target for Malaysia
Benefit
 polluters pay concept
Generation cost
 will not affect 75% of electricity
consumers (≤ 300 kWh/mth)
Transmission & Distribution Cost
 encourages EE and DSM
Subsidized Fuel for Power Generation
Customer Service Charge
FiT levy
14
Basic FiT Rate Solar PV
15
Bonus FiT Rate Solar PV
16
Solar PV Bonus Criteria
(a) Use as
(i) At the time of the application for feed-in approval: Design drawings accompanied by the
installation in
written confirmation by a qualified engineer that the criteria will be met based on such design
buildings
drawings.
(ii) Prior to the feed-in tariff commencement date: Testing and commissioning report .
(b) Use as
(i) At the time of the application for feed-in approval: Design drawings accompanied by the
building
written confirmation by a qualified engineer that the criteria will be met based on such design
material
drawings.
(ii) Prior to the feed-in tariff commencement date: Testing and commissioning report .
(c) Use of locally (i) At the time of the application for feed-in approval, either—
manufactured
(aa) a certified copy of the manufacturer’s licence issued under the Industrial Co-ordination
or assembled
Act 1975 [Act 156];
solar
(bb) a certificate of factory acceptance test or its equivalent; or
photovoltaic
(cc) a certificate from the manufacturer.
modules
(ii) Prior to the feed-in tariff commencement date: Written confirmation by a qualified engineer
that the solar photovoltaic modules from the manufacturer specified in the relevant document
referred to in subparagraph (i) was installed in the renewable energy installation.
(d) Use of locally (i) At the time of the application for feed-in approval, either—
manufactured
(aa) a certified copy of the manufacturer’s licence issued under the Industrial Co-ordination
or assembled
Act 1975 [Act 156];
solar inverters
(bb) a certificate of factory acceptance test or its equivalent; or
(cc) a certificate from the manufacturer.
(ii) Prior to the feed-in tariff commencement date: Written confirmation by a qualified engineer
that the solar inverters from the manufacturer specified in the relevant document referred to
17
in subparagraph (i) was installed HH/200411
in the renewable energy installation.
e-FiT Online System
• FiT quota approvals on ‘first come, first served basis’ – upon submission of
complete application & document
• FiT quota is dynamic
18
RE Quota Offered on 1st Dec 2011 (Up to 2014)
Biogas
Biogas - Biomass
Sewage
SolidWaste
Small
Hydro
Solar
PV <
1MW
Solar
PV >
1MW
Total
(MW)
Year
MW
MW
MW
MW
MW
MW
MW
2011/
2012
20
10
60
20
30
10
40
190
2013
20
10
50
30
30
10
40
190
H1 2014
10
5
25
15
45
5
20
125
19
Number of Approved Applications as of
30th September (2012-2014)
20
20
Approved Capacities (MW) (30th Sept 2012)
21
SEDA Malaysia’s Web Portal: www.seda.gov.my
[As of 30th October 2012]
22
Installed Capacities (MW) (as of 5th Nov 2012)
23
Way forward: 100,000 Solar Rooftop Programme
“We have allocated the 2,000-household quota this
year, and next year we will allocate a further 10,000.
Our target is to encourage the massive involvement of
the public in solar power systems.”
Source: Green Prospect Asia (August 2012)
Tan Sri Dr Fong Chan Onn
Chairman, SEDA Malaysia
•
•
•
•
•
2012 : 2,000 homes (Q4 2012)
2013: +10,000 homes
2020: Cumulative total 100,000 homes
Under the feed-in tariff mechanism
Rules: max 12 kW per application
24
Residential: Solar Enclave Setia Eco Park, Malaysia
25
Grid-connected PV Applications
685 kWp Solar PV – on top of a major shopping
complex in Kuala Lumpur
26
27
Thank you
SEDA Malaysia,
Galeria PjH, Level 9
Jalan P4W, Persiaran Perdana,
Presint 4, 62100 Putrajaya, Malaysia.
Phone : +603-8870 5800
Email: [email protected]
Web: www.seda.gov.my
28
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29
Solar PV Manufacturing in Malaysia
First Solar
Solartif
MSR
Tokuyama
Hanwa Q-Cells
AUO-Sunpower
MEMC
PV Hi-Tech
Flextronics
30

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