SPA 6 - LA Health Action

Report
Percentage of the Population Living in Poverty,
Los Angeles County, 1970-2000
Living in poverty
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
1970
1980
1990
Year
Source: McConville S; Ong P. The Trajectory of Poor Neighborhoods in Southern California, 1970-2000.
The Living Cities Census Series, The Brookings Institution, November 2003.
2000
Race / Ethnic Composition of the
Los Angeles County Population, 1990 and 2000
1990
2000
n= 8,863,164
n=9,519,338
Other
Asian/PI
Other
Asian/PI
0.7%
2.8%
White
10.2%
Black
12.0%
Black
10.5%
31.1%
9.5%
40.8%
White
37.8%
Latino
Source: US Census
44.6%
Latino
Recent Trends in the Percentage of Children (<17 Years
Old) Without Health Insurance in Los Angeles County
50%
40%
30%
18.8%
20%
15.0%
10.3%
10%
0%
1997
1998
1999
2000
Year
Source: Los Angeles County Health Survey
2001
2002
Recent Trends in the Percentage of Adults (18-64 Years
Old) Without Health Insurance in Los Angeles County
50%
40%
30%
26.4%
26.2%
24.2%
20%
10%
0%
1997
1998
1999
2000
Year
Source: Los Angeles County Health Survey
2001
2002
Trends in the Leading Causes of Death,
Los Angeles County, 1990 and 2000
R a te (p e r 1 0 0 ,0 0 0 )
C a u s e o f d e a th
1990
2000
P e rc e n t c h a n g e
3 1 1 .3
2 3 0 .5
-2 6 .0 %
S tro k e
6 9 .0
6 0 .0
-1 3 .0 %
P n e u m o n ia /In flu e n z a
4 5 .9
5 2 .1 *
Lung cancer
5 0 .1
4 1 .8
-1 6 .6 %
C h ro n ic re s p ira to ry d is e a s e
3 6 .4
3 8 .9
+ 6 .7 %
D ia b e te s
1 5 .7
2 4 .9
+ 5 8 .8 %
U n in te n tio n a l In ju ry
3 1 .2
2 2 .3
-2 8 .4 %
C h ro n ic live r d is e a s e
1 8 .1
1 3 .7
-2 3 .9 %
H o m ic id e
1 8 .8
1 0 .0
-4 6 .8 %
S u ic id e
1 1 .5
8 .1
-3 0 .0 %
C o ro n a ry h e a rt d is e a s e
A lz h e im e r’s d is e a s e
H IV /A ID S
* 1998 rate
4 .3
2 2 .5
6 .4 *
5 .5
+ 1 3 .6 %
+ 4 9 .1 %
-7 5 .5 %
Prevalence of Obesity Among
Adults (>18 years old) by Race/Ethnicity,
Los Angeles County, 1997-2003
1997
50%
1999
2002-2003
40%
30.5%
30%
24.3%
19.7%
20%
15.3% 16.3%
24.2%
22.2%
17.1%
12.3%
10%
4.0%
7.2% 6.2%
0%
White
Source: Los Angeles County Health Survey
Latino
African American
Asian/Pacific Islander
Age Distribution, Los Angeles County and
South Service Planning Area (SPA 6), 2000
Los Angeles County
SPA 6
0-4
65+
10%
65+
45-64
8%
45-64
5-19
19%
7%
0-4
10%
15%
23%
29%
39%
40%
20-44
20-44
Source: US Census
5-19
Race/Ethnicity Distribution, Los Angeles
County and South Service Planning Area (SPA 6), 2000
Los Angeles County
SPA 6
Asian/PI
Other
White
Other
Asian/PI
2%
1%
3%
3%
Latino
12%
45%
35%
31%
White
10%
African
American
Source: US Census
African
American
Latino
60%
Poverty Distribution, Los Angeles County and South
Service Planning Area (SPA 6), 2000
Los Angeles County
SPA6
<100% FPL
200% +FPL
<100% FPL
18%
31%
39%
61%
21%
100199% FPL
30%
200% +FPL
100199% FPL
Source: US Census
Leading Causes of Premature Death* Among
Males, South Service Planning Area (SPA 6), 2002
Y e a rs o f L ife L o s t
1.
H o m ic id e
2.
C o ro n a ry h e a rt d is e a s e
6 ,0 6 8
3.
M o to r ve h ic le c ra s h e s
2 ,9 2 4
4.
H IV
2 ,0 6 6
5.
C h ro n ic live r d is e a s e / c irrh o s is
1 ,6 8 7
6.
Lung cancer
1 ,5 3 4
7.
D ru g o ve rd o s e
1 ,3 7 9
8.
S tro k e
1 ,3 7 6
9.
D ia b e te s
1 ,2 9 9
S u ic id e
1 ,1 5 2
10.
* years of life lost before age 75
1 5 ,2 4 8
Leading Causes of Premature Death* Among
Females, South Service Planning Area (SPA 6), 2002
Y e a rs o f L ife L o s t
1.
C o ro n a ry h e a rt d is e a s e
3 ,4 6 4
2.
M o to r ve h ic le c ra s h e s
1 ,6 5 4
3.
S tro k e
1 ,4 9 9
4.
H o m ic id e
1 ,2 4 2
5.
B re a s t c a n c e r
1 ,1 8 8
6.
D ia b e te s
1 ,1 7 0
7.
Lung cancer
874
8.
C h ro n ic live r d is e a s e / c irrh o s is
851
9.
H IV
710
D ru g o ve rd o s e
630
10.
* years of life lost before age 75
Leading Causes of Disability-Adjusted Life Years
(DALYs) Among Men, South Service Planning
Area (SPA 6), 1998
Homicide/Violence
8,356
Alcohol Dependence
4,142
Coronary Heart Disease
3,996
Drug Overdose/Other Intoxications
3,423
Diabetes Mellitus
2,779
Stroke
2,294
Depression
2,272
Asthma
1,977
Motor Vehicle Accidents
1,965
Lung Cancer
1,943
0
2,000
4,000
6,000
DALYs
8,000
10,000
Leading Causes of Disability-Adjusted Life Years
(DALYs) Among Women, South Service Planning
Area (SPA 6), 1998
Diabetes Mellitus
3,796
Coronary Heart Disease
3,676
Alcohol Dependence
3,280
Stroke
2,651
Asthma
2,298
Depression
2,260
Osteoarthritis
1,817
Alzheimer's/Dementia
1,806
Breast cancer
1,775
Homicide/Violence
1,543
0
2,000
4,000
6,000
DALYs
8,000
10,000

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