Inria: IoT Vision

Report
Quoi de Neuf?*
Leveraging Things and People as Sensors
for Smart Cities
Animesh Pathak
Project-team MiMove
Inria Paris-Rocquencourt
BIS 2014
* ’ssup?
June 19, 2014
The Internet of Things (IoT)
• Connecting the physical world with the virtual world
• Leveraging sensing and actuation capabilities embedded in
Things
• Increasing number of mobile Things with many
benefits => mobile IoT
www.slashphone.com
www.gizmag.com
www.robotshop.com
-2
Mobile IoT: Illustrating scenario
Wind-chill in
Paris?
?
 How to measure
wind-chill?
 How to know they
are in Paris?
 Wind-chill sensor?
 Location sensor?
Service
?
Oriented
! Coarse grained data
Middleware
Focus:
- On-demand
- Discrete
- Sensing/actuating requests
! So many devices
! Diverse types
! Unknown availability
! Incomplete
http://www.netatmo.com/
measurements
3
Key Challenges of the Mobile IoT
•
Heterogeneity (Representation)
•
•
Different Things, different data types
Ultra Large Numbers
•
•
Millions of Things, large volumes of data
Dynamic Environment
•
Mobile Things, short-life span
4
Managing Scale: Probabilistic Registration
Design Rationale
- Do not register redundant
Things to reduce number
- Set coverage threshold
✔
Jardin des Tuileries
Enough
coverage Centralized Approach
More likely•to Compute decision at
not register registry as search problem
• Using global displacement
knowledge
• But computation time
increases linearly
Decentralized Approach
• Compute decision on Thing
• Estimate displacements
of registered nodes
using mobility models
• Constant computation time
5
Managing Scale: Probabilistic Look-up
Candidate Thing
Selected Thing
6
Probabilistic Look-up:
Normal distribution
Dmax
r
X1
r2
r3
Candidate Thing
Selected Thing
r4
Lookup controls participation of Things
7
Moving on… to moving in the city
Photo: syracuse.com
-8
Transport: in Europe
Photo: Animesh Pathak
-9
Transport: This is what “Smart” means now
Photo: Anjali Sharan
Photo: ParisByTrain
- 10
Transport: This is what “Smart” means now
Same info, smaller screen!
Photo: Anjali Sharan
Photo: ParisByTrain
Photo: SNCF/Android
Photo: DMRC/AppStore
- 11
… but there are more things to do!
- 12
Our Inspiration: Connected Things, Smart
Cities, Mobile Citizens
http://revistamoviles.blogspot.com.es/2012/03/telefonica-convertira-alcala-de-henares.html
- 13
Scenario
A football match just ended and the train station is
crowded. Charlie is going to Alice’s place with his
son and he does not want to catch the Metro 7 if it is
crowded.
Photo: Dailymail
Photo: Reuters
14
Idea: Participatory Sensing, for Mass Transit
Like Waze, but for the Metro, Bus, RER…
- 15
TravelDashboard: Participatory Sensing for
Urban Transport
EIT ICT Labs
https://www.rocq.inria.fr/arles/traveldashboard
•Ambientic
•Inria
•Thales
•ALU
•UCL
•Systematic
- 16
- 16
Prototype: TravelDashboard Paris
- 17
Prototype: TravelDashboard Paris (2)
00 MOIS 2011 - 18
Meanwhile in London… new incentives!
- 19
and now… a short video…
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mZyWWwm-dN8
- 20
Back to Paris…
and to industrial adoption!
- 21
from Passenger to Operator…
- 22
and now… another short video…
http://vimeo.com/69621153
- 23
3cixty Platform (2014-)
Platform for comprehensive view for city travelers
• Uses Traveldashboard capability.
• Provides preference based inputs to the user by querying related
data.
• Customizable platform
24
•
Financial
•
Ego-centric
•
Altruistic
•
Democratic
Opportunistic Sensing
Social-semanticsbased access-control
policies
Incentives
Personalization
Needed: Algorithms and protocols for
incentive and privacy
Participatory Sensing
Physical and Social KB
Citizens
Social Sensing
- 25
Recognition and Future Directions
• Awarded the “Prix Mashup” (€2500) at the RATP OpenDataLab
in May 2013
•
Led to appearance on TVFIL78 evening programming
• Federated Social Networking
•
Privacy policies for mobile social networks
• Incentive Mechanisms
•
How to encourage people to share their inputs
• Project “Sarathi”, and Inria Lab CityLab (http://citylab.inria.fr)
•
Tackling smart-city challenges in Europe, India, and the Silicon Valley!
- 26
MERCI!
Members of MiMove@Inria
(previously known as ARLES)
Especially Sara Hachem
The TravelDashboard and 3cixty project partners
Animesh.Pathak@inria.fr

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