SmartGrid and Renewable Energy

Report
11th Annual PQSynergy International Conference –
Septmber 2011 - Chiang Mai, Thailand
Smart Grid Projects and
Renewable Energy
Pilot Projects and Lessons Learned
Sandra McCardell, MBA, LEED AP BD&C
President
Presentation Outline
• Smart Grid Elements
• Push towards
Renewables in Smart
Grids
• Pilot Projects –
General Comments
• Renewable Energy in
Smart Grids
• 4 Pilot Projects
– Summary
– Lessons learned
The Smart Grid
Source: The Grid of The Future, T-Systems Customer
Magazine BEST PRACTICE, 0212010
Source: Elster; Accelerating Smart Grid Benefits with Hosted Solutions for Utilities,
Aklia Ganapathy, webinar 7/2011
Why Smart Grid?
Source: Kazuyuki Kakada, “Smart Grid Related Activities in NEDO, Smart Grid Advisory
Meeting, 10/2009
Characteristics of
Renewable Energy in Smart Grids
• Generation Types:
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–
–
–
–
–
–
Traditional Generation
Wind
Solar (various technologies)
Hydro
Biomass
Geothermal
Electric vehicle
• Transmission and Distribution 2way power flow
• Active and Fluctuating
Operations
• 2-way (or more)
communications
• High Variability and localized
solutions
For Utilities – Opportunities with
Renewables in Smart Grid
•
•
•
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Regional planning & coordination
Build off existing infrastructure
Increased reliability and security
Help “Self healing”
With “real time” decision making,
provide local alternative generation
• Integrate different generators &
generator types
For Utilities - Challenges
with Renewables in Smart Grid
• Lack of customer understanding
• Utilities need to change thinking to react
more quickly
• Variability & differential generation
patterns
• Lack of standards and interoperability
• Financial models for cost recovery must
change
• Security of grid
• No “one size fits all” solutions
Countries with renewable energy targets
Countries without targets
Countries with targets
From 45 in 2005 to 85 in 2010
Source: The Race for New Energy, Wilson Rickerson,
Global New Energy Summit 2011
Pilot Projects are Testing…
represents Advanced Metering
Infrastructure (AMI)
represents Customer Systems
(CS)
represents Distribution
Systems (DS)
represents Equipment
Manufacturing (EM)
represents Integrated Systems
(IS)
represents Transmission
Systems (TS)
represents Regional
Demonstration (RD)
represents Storage
Demonstration (SD)
International Projects
Source: http://www.sgiclearinghouse.org/
International Pilots
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Elektromed
Elektromed
Turkey
Grinpal Energy Management
Grinpal Energy Management
India
Intelligent Energy System (IES) Pilot
Project
Energy Market Authority (EMA)
Singapore
Jeju Smart Grid Test-bed
Korea Smart Grid Institute (KSGI)
South Korea
KESC - Karachi Electricity Supply
Company AMI
•
•
•
•
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KESC - Karachi Electricity Supply
Company
Pakistan
LESCO - Pakistan Electricity Company
Pakistan Electricity Company
Pakistan
Smart Grid Demonstration Project in
Shanghai World Expo
Shanghai Municipal Electric Power
Company
China
Smart Grid Demonstration Project in
Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-city
Tianjin Electric Power Company
China
US Projects
Source: http://www.sgiclearinghouse.org/
Pilot Projects Presented
• Powerstream in Ontario,
Canada
• CenterPoint in Texas, USA
• Friedrichshafen (“T-City”),
Germany
• Kuzumaki Prefacture, Japan
PowerStream – Ontario, Canada
• Renewables Picture:
– Currently primarily hydro
– Potential small RE projects
• Several integrated “pilot
projects:
– Communications interface
with GIS
– “Self Healing” Grid
– Digital Fault Indicators
– Smart Meters for
Distribution Transformers
– Vehicle Battery “smart
charging”
– Home Area Networks
“Go Green with Powerstream”
Source: “A Brave New World”, Edward Chatten, SVP Smart Grid & Strategic Support, Smart Grid Technology
Conference, San Jose CA June 2011
Guiding Principles
• Customer Empowerment
• Improve Reliability
• Focus on Value – Shareholders,
Customers
• Increase Safety
• Integrate with energy
conservation & DSM programs
• Explore regional opportunities
• Leverage – equipment,
information, programs,
enterprise systems
• Recover all costs
• Support local green energy &
economic development goals
• Maximize security of grid and
customer information
Source: “A Brave New World”, Edward Chatten, SVP Smart Grid & Strategic Support, Smart Grid Technology
Conference, San Jose CA June 2011
Lessons Learned
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Price of failure to adapt very high
Everything changing very quickly
Difficulty of technology integration (including Renewables)
Technology obsolescence is a problem (including Renewables)
Customers very different, with varied expectations
SmartGrid design and function will vary by utility and region
Cost / Benefit ratio should be positive
Siting challenges
Barriers to scale
Source: “A Brave New World”, Edward Chatten, SVP Smart Grid & Strategic Support, Smart Grid Technology
Conference, San Jose CA June 2011
CenterPoint Energy, Houston,Texas USA
(& 5 other states)
•Renewables Picture:
•Currently Coal & Natural Gas
•Transmission Constraints
•Important wind resources
•Good solar resources
•Pilot Elements:
•Advanced Metering Systems
•Intelligent Grid
•Vision: “CNP seeks to enable the Texas electricity market to extract the full
functionality of the Smart Grid by supporting individual management of
electricity consumption, fostering adoption of market-driven programs and
achieving maximum operational readiness and efficiency.”
Source: Robert Frazier, SmartGrid conference,
6/2011 – “SmartGrid Projects – Current
Projects to Future Functionality”
Intelligent Grid
Source: Robert Frazier, SmartGrid conference,
6/2011 – “SmartGrid Projects – Current
Projects to Future Functionality”
Intelligent Grid - 2
Source: Robert Frazier, SmartGrid conference,
6/2011 – “SmartGrid Projects – Current
Projects to Future Functionality”
Managing Outages
Source: Robert Frazier, SmartGrid conference, 6/2011 – “SmartGrid
Projects – Current Projects to Future Functionality”
Grid Sensing
Source: Robert Frazier, SmartGrid conference,
6/2011 – “SmartGrid Projects – Current
Projects to Future Functionality”
Systems
Source: Robert Frazier, SmartGrid conference,
6/2011 – “SmartGrid Projects – Current
Projects to Future Functionality”
Communication
Source: Robert Frazier, SmartGrid conference,
6/2011 – “SmartGrid Projects – Current
Projects to Future Functionality”
Friedrichshafen, Germany
• T-Systems:
– Provides IT and communication services, dynamic services,
energy services, cloud-based services – largest German telecom
company
– Energy efforts started with small metering solution for German
market, focus on privacy and security
• Renewables Picture:
– Germany well-known for focus on variety of distributed renewable energy
generation
– PV, electric cars, wind, solar thermal, biomass all in place
Friedrichshafen Summary
• Cooperative effort
• “Laboratory” with focus on
implementation
• Smart metering, smart grid, and general
smart technology services
• Multi-utility, sub-metering, multiple
standards in smart metering platform
• Small smart grid applications
– Demand response, power plant requirements,
economics research, market value research
Friedrichshafen Findings
• Communication is key with different types of
buildings & users, and generators
• Architecture which brings together different
meters is most useful
• Transformative technologies and methods
• Data privacy and data security critical
• Many common solutions would not meet
security requirements of telecom industry
• In Germany, change from yearly billing
required
• Rapid, complete roll-out most cost effective
Community scale smart grid in Japan
• Grid severely supply limited
• Acceleration of Smart Grid adoption
may be good alternative for future
• Potential Smart Grid elements:
– Accelerate adoption of technologies and
grid
– Smart meter options needed
– Mechanism needed for market signals –
price and command signals
Impacts from the Disaster
• After the earthquake and tsunami, surviving fossil fuel power
plants not able to handle load left by Fukushima closure
– Substation breakers were only tools available to keep grid in balance,
so had system of rolling blackouts
• Current actions:
– Recommissioning old plants
– Importing gas turbines
– Running all at full capacity
Kuzumaki Prefecture
• Local Smart Grid – Kuzumaki
– 8,000 people, 50 miles from
coast
– Power out for 1 day (connected
to grid)
– Started program 10 years ago
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Wind farm
Biogas generator
Biodiesel refinery
PV on school roofs
Elder-care facilities heated by
pellet mill
Source: http://www.industcards.com/biomass-elsewhere.htm
Lessons from Kuzumaki
• Intermittent
renewables
work in system
• Price and
control signals
– Wind power at
night increases
– Cloud over sun
during day
• Small regions of
grid disconnect
temporarily and
keep operating
Source: http://www.solartodaydigital.org/solartoday/201106/#pg12
Source:
http://aoatools.aua.gr/pilotec/files/bibliography/RES_ja
pan-2204205825/RES_japan.pdf
Smart Grid Changes
Source: Robert Frazier, SmartGrid conference, San Jose CA, 6/2011 – “SmartGrid Projects –
Current Projects to Future Functionality”
References / Resources - 1
• SmartGridSherpa.com, a free knowledge base and blog
@smartgridsherpa.
• the Total Grid Community — an open source community dedicated to
modernizing national power systems and microgrids while driving the
development of the Smart Grid. www.TotalGrid.org
• The GridWise Alliance, founded in 2003, has developed into an
organization that represents a broad range of the energy supply chain
from utilities to large tech companies to academia to venture
capitalists to emerging tech companies. www.gridwise.org
• Smart Grid Research Consortium,
www.smartgridresearchconsortium.org. Formed at Texas A&M
University in 2010 and established as an independent research
organization in January, 2011. Membership open to electric
cooperatives, municipal and other public utilities interested in
independent, objective financial evaluation of smart grid applications
References / Resources - 2
• www.globalsmartgridfederation.org The Global Smart Grid
Federation was established in April 2010 to bring together Smart
Grid initiatives from around the world.
• The International Smart Grid Action Network (ISGAN) creates a
mechanism for multilateral collaboration to advance the
development and deployment of smarter electric grids around the
world www.cleanergyministerial.org/ISGAN
• www.smartgrid.gov SmartGrid.gov is the gateway to information
on federal initiatives that support the development of the
technologies, policies and projects transforming the electric power
industry.
• www.sgiclearinghouse.org . Smart grid information clearinghouse
Thank you!!
Sandy McCardell – [email protected] – (505) 795-2702

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