Rhyme and Meter

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Rhyme and Meter
1. Rhyme
 Meaning
 The repetition of similar sounds
 The sounds are not always exactly the same
 The spelling does not have to be the same
 Example





Thinking , linking
Bake, cake
Frog, hog
High, sky
Mean, fine
2. Exact Rhyme
 Meaning
 When the sounds that rhyme are exactly the same sounds.
 Example
 Hat, cat
 Free, bee
Exactly the
same sounds.
3. Approximate Rhyme / Half Rhyme
 Meaning
 When the words repeat some sounds, but are not exact
echoes
 Example



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Mean, fine
Rate, bet
Life, die
Beef, streets
Sounds are similar,
but not exact
4. End Rhymes
 Meaning
 When the rhymes come at the end of the lines
 Example
Where in this book
do you think I should look?
Every day I look at the sky.
I think of my life and ask myself why.
5. Internal Rhymes
 Meaning
 Rhymes that occur within a line of poetry
 Example
 I set my hat on the mat
 I was a fool who skipped school
6. Rhyme Scheme
 Meaning
 A regular pattern of rhyme
 Letters are used to represent like sounds
 Example ABAB =
Riches I hold in light esteem,
AA
And Love I laugh to scorn;
BA
And lust of Fame was but a dream
AA
That vanished with the morn -
BA
7. Meter
 Meaning
 The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry
as expressed by syllabication.
 Syllabication is the use of stressed and unstressed
markings.
8. Foot/Feet
 Meaning
 A “foot” is the combination of stressed and unstressed
syllables that make up a recurrent metric unit of a line.
 Example
9. Scanning
 We “scan” a poem to determine its basic meter
and to consider the relevance of that rhythm to the
meaning of the poem.
 When we scan a poem, we begin by saying the
poetic lines aloud, paying careful attention to the
syllables which seem to be stressed (pronounced
with more emphasis).
10. Iambs
 This pattern of
~ / (unstressed/stressed) is called an iamb.
 The following are examples of iambic feet.
Other Patterns
Along with the iamb, there are other possible patterns:
Pattern
~/
Noun
Adjective
iamb
iambic
~~/
anapest
anapestic
/~
trochee
trochaic
/~~
dactyl
dactylic
//
spondee
spondaic

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