Nationally protected – internationally sold-off EU: a main market for endemic herps Dr. Sandra Altherr, CEEweb Seminar, Budapest, 17th June 2014 Why a focus on Reptile Trade? • EU has become a main market for live reptiles • Germany is by far the biggest player within the EU • world’s biggest reptile show is in Hamm/Germany (4 events/year) > clients from all-over Europe • International reptile trade increasingly organised via Websites & Facebook, especially for “rarities” Reptile imports to the EU What is illegal trade? 1. Violation of EU legislation a) CITES App. I or II / EU Annex A or B b) EU import suspensions ----------------------------------2. Trade in nationally protected species Naultinus gemmeus - Jewelled gecko - Endemic to New Zealand - CITES Appendix II (CoP16) - No exports from NZ for commercial purposes - Individual patterns >> photo database Naultinus gemmeus - Only occasionally offered (more adverts for N. grayii) - 2013: Seizure after photo-ident. of wc specimens 7,000 Euro / pair Varanus spinulosus - Solomon Island spiny monitor - Endemic to Solomon Islands - CITES Appendix II - EU-import suspension for wild-caught specimens - No successful captive breeding so far Varanus spinulosus - Presently only offered by one trader from Russia - Similar offers also for wild-caught specimens of Varanus salvadorii and Corucia cebrata 1,500 Euro / animal Protection on national level Several aspects for national protection: - Listed as a nationally protected species - Range restricted to protected areas - zero quota for exports Lanthanotus borneensis - Borneo earless monitor; extremely rare - Only non-CITES monitor lizard - Nationally protected species in Indonesia, totally protected species in Malaysia - Any export from both range states is illegal Lanthanotus borneensis - May 2014: illegal collection of > 20 pairs in Borneo - Early June: online adverts for Hamm from CZ & DE 8,000 Euro / pair Abronia spp. - arboreal alligator lizards - 28 species, 25 endemic, 18 in IUCN Red List - Protected in Mexico and Guatemala >> exports from both range states are illegal - very limited geographic distribution; low reproduction Abronia spp. - Traders from CZ, DE, ES, FR, IT, NL, SE, UK - April 2014: AC27 Inf. 16 & side event by Mexico - May 2014: Guatamela asks EU for support for an emergency CITES listing by postal voting 2,800 Euro / pair Lyriocephalus scutatus - Hump Snout Lizard - Endemic to SW Sri Lanka - Nationally protected >> capture & exports illegal - Classified as „Vulnerable“ in national Red List Lyriocephalus scutatus - Presently offered by traders from France and Russia 2,000 Euro / pair Atheris desaixi • Mount Kenya Bush Viper • Endemic to Kenya, only two isolated populations known • Nationally protected >> no exports for commercial purposes permitted - Classified as „Vulnerable“ in national Red List Atheris desaixi - openly offered as wildcaught, e.g. by trader from Austria 4,000 Euro / five specimens Cnemaspis psychedelica • psychedelic gecko, only described in 2010 • Endemic to Viet Nam (public access to Hon Khoai Island is expressively prohibited) • Species since 2012 on offer at EU pet market Cnemaspis psychedelica - Offered by traders from Russia, CZ, DE, and ES 2,500 Euro / pair Suspect adverts >>> Annex B, EU import suspension >>> Annex B & nationally protected >>> Annex B, no legal WC exports >> nationally protected, no legal WC exports Conclusions - On EU import suspensions: Online adverts needed to be systematically screened for openly labelled “wild-caught” individuals of such species - Some traders have specialised on nationally protected high-prized species – which cannot be seized when offered here in the EU - The EU should pass an „EU Lacey Act“, which makes illegal collection and export in country of origin a crime within the EU Thanks for your attention!