DSM-2013

Report
Useful tips to Save Energy
1. Lighting
•
Turn off the lights when not in use.
•
Take advantage of daylight by using light-coloured, loose-weave curtains on your windows
to allow daylight to penetrate the room. Also, decorate with lighter colours that reflect
daylight.
•
De-dust lighting fixtures to maintain illumination.
•
Use task lighting; instead of brightly lighting an entire room, focus the light where you
need it.
•
Use electronic ballast chokes in place of conventional copper chokes.
•
Use LED Lamps instead of conventional incandescent bulbs. A 16w LED bulb can be as
bright as 150w halogen lamp. LED lamp consumes 1/3rd of CFL energy and 1/30th
energy of incandescent bulbs. The lifespan of incandescent lamps is around 1000 hours
while the lifesplan of CFL is 8,000 hours and lifespan of LED lamps is around 25,000
hours. LED Lamps are Mercury free and their lifetime cycle is unaffected by switching
ON and OFF operations.
2.Fans
•
Replace conventional regulators with electronic regulators for ceiling fans.
•
Install exhaust fans at a higher elevation than ceiling fans.
•
For exhaust fans in diary/poultry industry usage of multi fan axial fans leads to low energy
consumption with low noise levels.
•
Use BEE star rated energy efficient fans.
3.Electric Iron
•
Select iron boxes with automatic temperature cutoff.
•
Use appropriate regulator position for ironing.
•
Do not put more water on clothes while ironing.
•
Do not iron wet clothes.
•
Use BEE star rated energy efficient iron box.
4.Kitchen Appliances
Use Efficient electrical appliances.
Use always BEE star rated efficient electrical appliances.
a) Mixers
•
Avoid dry grinding in your food processors (mixers and grinders) as it takes longer time
than liquid grinding.
b) Microwaves ovens
•
Avoid baking large sized food items.
•
Unless you are baking breads or pastries you may not need to preheat.
c) Induction Stove:
•
Consumes 50% less energy than conventional electric coil/ hot plate.
•
Takes less time to boil water than conventional electric stoves.
d) Electric Stove:
•
Turn off electric stoves several minutes before the specified cooking time.
•
Use flat-bottomed pans that make full contact with the cooking coil.
e) Refrigerator:
•
Do not open the door of the refrigerator frequently.
•
Make sure your refrigerator or door seals are airtight.
•
Don’t keep your refrigerator or freezer too cold.
•
Avoid putting hot or warm food straight into the fridge.
•
Retire old/inefficient refrigerators and buy new energy efficient star rated energy efficient
refrigerators.
•
Don’t leave the refrigerator door open for longer than necessary as cold air will escape.
•
Leave enough space between your refrigerator and the walls so that air can easily circulate
around the refrigerator.
•
Use BEE star rated energy efficient refrigerators.
5.Washing Machine:
•
Avoid washing with half loads.
•
Use optimum quantity of water.
•
Use timer facility to save energy.
•
Prefer natural drying over electric dryers.
•
Dry full loads or reduce drying time for partial loads.
•
Use BEE star rated energy efficient washing machines.
6.Electronic Devices:
•
Do not switch on the power when TV and Audio Systems are not in use i.e., idle operation
leads to an energy loss of 10 watts/device.
7.Air Conditioners:
•
Prefer air conditioners having automatic temperature cut off.
•
Keep regulators at “low cool” position or in energy efficient mode.
•
Make sure that the joints at windows and doors are properly sealed and insulate the room against
loss of temperature.
•
Use BEE star rated energy efficient air conditioners.
8.Computers:
•
Turn off your home office equipment when not in use. A computer that runs 24 hours a day, for
instance, uses - more power than an energy-efficient refrigerator.
•
Optimize brightness of monitors as bright light consumes more power. Studies have proved that
minimum brightness consumes 11 Watts while maximum brightness in monitors consumes as
much as 25 Watts.
9.Water Heaters:
•
Set your thermostat at 120 degree Fahrenheit or lower.
•
In addition to the water heaters install solar water heating systems.
10.Solar Rooftop off-grid Lighting systems :
•
Use solar rooftop off-grid Lighting systems (with battery back-up) as unlimited sunlight is
available at free of cost everywhere in India.
•
The Domestic sector accounts for 30% of total energy consumption in the
country. There is a tremendous scope to conserve energy by adopting simple
measures.
•
This information is a guide, which offers easy, practical solutions for saving
energy in Home Appliances. Please, take a few moments to read the valuable
tips that will save energy & money and ultimately help in reducing our natural
resources.
•
It would be useful to know which gadget consumes how much electricity.
Economic use of home appliances can help conserve our natural resources.
•
It would be useful to know which gadget consumes how much electricity.
Economic use of home appliances can help in reducing electricity bills
The Following table shows the energy consumption of various appliances normally used at home:
Appliances
Rating (Watts)
Operating Hrs/Day
Units/ Month
Incandescent Bulb
40
6
7
Night Lamp
15
10
4.5
Fluorescent Tube light
60
6
11
CFL Lamps
14
6
2.5
LED Lamps
2.17
6
0.4
Mosquito Repellant
5
10
4.5
Fans
60
15
27
Air coolers
175
8
42
Air Conditioners
1500
6
270
Refrigerator
225
15
101
Mixer/Blender/Egg beater
450
1
13.5
Toaster
800
0.5
12
Hot Plate
1500
0.5
22.5
Oven
1000
1
30
Electric Kettle
1500
1
45
Electric Iron
1500
1
45
Water heater – instant type
(10-20 Ltr capacity)
3000
1
60
Water heater – storage type
(10-20 Ltr capacity)
2000
1
60
Appliances
Appliances
Operating Hrs/Day
Units/ Month
Vacuum Cleaner
700
0.5
11
Washing Machine
300
1
9
Water Pump
750
1
22.5
TV
100
10
30
Audio system
50
2
3
WHAT IS DEMAND SIDE MANAGEMENT?
• Demand Side management is a mechanism to influence customer’s
CAPABILITY and WILLINGNESS to reduce electricity consumption.
• Demand Side Management is a utility program aiming to fine-tune
consumers’ energy consumption pattern, according to the utility’s
energy production and distribution capacity.
•
Demand-side management (DSM) programs consist of the planning,
implementing, and monitoring activities of electric utility that are
designed to encourage consumers to modify their level and pattern of
electricity usage.
• Demand side management relies on a combination of using high
efficiency equipment and efficient use of electricity through good
operating practice.
• Demand Side Management (DSM) is the implementation of policies
and measures which serve to control, influence and generally reduce
electricity demand. DSM aims to improve final electricity-using
systems, reduce consumption, while preserving the same level of
service and comfort.
OBJECTIVES OF DSM

1: Reliability and Stability




DSM provides enhanced reliability to the energy system by reducing
overall demand through energy efficiency and by reducing peak demand
through dispatchable programs.
It also reduces transmission and distribution costs relative to a supply side
resource
DSM increases diversity of energy sources
2: Low Cost/Affordability




The cost of DSM is technology specific and varies relative to other supply side
resources
Dispatchable DSM programs can be called when their cost is lower than
alternative market purchases
Cost-effective resource planning can ensure that DSM is only procured up to the
point where it is cheaper than supply alternatives
DSM can also help low-income customers reduce their energy costs
Types of DSM Programs

Following three factors reduce energy consumption
(kWh) and peak demand (kW), however, emphasis
differs
- Energy Efficiency – emphasis is on reducing overall energy
consumption and also peak demand over several years.
- Peak Load Management – emphasis is on reducing peak demand
consistently over a season.
- Demand Response – emphasis is on reducing peak demand for
short periods of time for a few days during the year.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
• For promotion of various Energy Efficient / DSM methods in the State
following steps were taken:
- National Energy Conservation Day observed on 14th December.
(G.o.I has enacted The Energy conservation act 2001).
- Pilot Solar Street lighting initiated.
•
Earth Hour observed by all the employees of BESCOM in offices
and their residences. Public were also requested to participate.
(Earth Hour was observed on 23rd March 2013 from 8.30 PM to 9.30 PM by switching off
all the unnecessary lights).
•
Many workshops on DSM measures conducted.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
• Following are the various NGOs / Corporations who involved in
saving of Energy Efficient / DSM measures :
- BBMP (By using automatic timers)
- NGOs (By spreading the awareness programmes)
- Industrial / Commercial Advertisers -
(By adopting energy efficient .
measures)
- Out door advertising agencies for hoardings (By using energy efficient
lighting & dimming hoarding lighting after 10 PM)
• Energy Auditing of BESCOM Corporate Office done by
M/s. Centre for Sustainable Development, Bangalore.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
1. BESCOM EFFICIENT LIGHTING PROGRAM
A Pilot Project was undertaken during 2005-06 under USAID in
Bangalore city as follows CFL Purchase Options
 Consumers were encouraged to purchase CFLs directly from suppliers or from
BESCOM on a monthly installment basis paid through electricity bills.
Benefits derived
 Estimated that about 1.75 Lakhs additional CFLs were sold during the
scheme implementation
 About 100% increase in sales of CFLS was observed compares to the previous
year which resulted in:
 Reduction in residential demand to an extent of 10.46MWs.
 This Pilot project encouraged in formulation of Bachat Lamp Yojana in the
country.
It enforced manufacturers to give one year warranty to the customers.
This scheme lead to regulation stipulating a minimum power factor of 0.85 for
CFLs.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
1. a) Bachat Lamp Yojane Scheme:• Bachat Lamp Yojane, a scheme to promote replacement of CFLs in place
of incandescent lamps under CDM project promoted by M.o.P., G.o.I., was
implemented during 2011.
• Maximum of 4 CFLs per customer were distributed at a cost of Rs. 15/per CFL.
• The difference amount of CFL cost to be obtained by the
implementing agency through CDM in the form of trading CERs.
• M/s. HPL Electric & Power Pvt. Ltd. Was entrusted for two rural Circles
namely Bangalore Rural Circle and Kolar Circle covering 4 districts.
• A total no. of 37,01,368 CFLs were distributed during 2011.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
2. BESCOM EFFICIENT IRRIGATION PUMP SETS PROGRAM
A Pilot Project was conducted during 2005-06 as follows:
 Innovative Bescom Efficient Irrigation Pump Sets Program scheme
supported by International Copper Promotion Council (India) and launched.
• The official suppliers were(selected through tender)
• M/s Kirloskar Brothers Ltd
• M/s KSB Pumps Ltd
• M/s Crompton Greaves Ltd
• A total number of 1074 nos of submersible pumpsets were replaced by
Energy Efficient IP Sets under the scheme.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
2.a) Agriculture Demand Side Management, WENEXA-USAID
•
M/s ENZEN Global Solutions, an ESCO was engaged for replacement of
existing IP sets in Doddaballapura on 11 KV feeders under USAID WENEXA. This ESCO Agriculture Demand Side Management model
was designed by BESCOM in association with USAID-PA Consulting.
•
BESCOM was able to successfully establish a system of appointing
ESCO and has been awarded with “National Power Award-2009” under
category “ENERGY EFFICIENCY, CONSERVATION AND
DEMAND SIDE MANAGEMENT” for Agriculture Demand Side
Management initiative.
•
•
•
This pilot is the first of its kind in India to undertake Agriculture
Demand Side Management under ESCO model.
A total number of 277 inefficient Pump sets at metered locations in
Doddballapura Sub-Division were replaced by High Energy Efficient PumpSets .
Energy Savings : 28.1 Million Units from April 2011 to April 2013.
Energy Savings of Agricultural Demand Side Management
Month
Trued up
baseline
Actual energy
Energy
energy
consumption
savings (kWh)
consumption
(kWh)
(kWh)
% saving
Apr-11
162,134
135,930
26,204
16%
May-11
335,380
273,370
62,010
18%
Jun-11
336,183
278,283
57,900
17%
Jul-11
302,390
229,515
72,875
24%
Aug-11
191,799
151,245
40,554
21%
Sep-11
332,833
290,654
42,179
13%
316,641
332,551
497,185
569,438
540,746
551,017
483,270
448,238
427,575
382,650
319,760
295,778
355,391
327,019
475,719
505,816
444,399
4,83,339
3,98,338
225,741
227,940
333,297
362,164
343,179
354,688
338,506
288,655
284,991
241,505
211,686
192,573
222,017
232,264
301,937
327,306
275,636
2,69,359
2,54,578
90,901
104,611
163,888
207,273
197,567
196,329
144,764
159,584
142,584
141,145
108,075
103,205
133,375
94,755
173,782
178,510
168,763
2,13,980
1,43,761
29%
31%
33%
36%
37%
36%
30%
36%
33%
37%
34%
35%
38%
29%
37%
35%
38%
4%
36%
Oct-11
Nov-11
Dec-11
Jan-12
Feb-12
Mar-12
Apr-12
May-12
Jun-12
Jul-12
Aug-12
Sep-12
Oct-12
Nov-12
Dec-12
Jan-13
Feb-13
Mar-13
Apr-13
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
3. Solar Water Heaters:
Government
of Karnataka has issued Order No : EN396/NCE2006
dated 13.11.2007 for the use of Solar Water Heaters as mandatory for
the buildings constructed in sites measuring more than 1200sft area.

Circulars and instructions have been issued to the field officers to
educate and bring in awareness about the advantage of installing
Solar Water Heating systems as per above circular.


i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
v.
vi.
vii.
Notification No. K.E.R.C/COS/D/07/10 Dated:01.07.2010 published in
Karnataka Gazette dated: 22.07.2010.
Government of Karnataka has issued the notification no: EN 396 NCE 2006
Dt:13.11.2007 wherein the solar water heating system is mandatory for categories
of buildings mentioned below:
Industries where hot water is required for processing or for auxiliary purposes.
Hospitals and Nursing homes including government hospitals.
Hotels, Restaurants, Motels, Banquet halls and Guest Houses.
Jail Barracks, Canteens.
Housing complex set up by Group housing societies/housing boards/other
developers.
All residential buildings with built-up area of 600 Sq.feet and above constructed
on sites measuring 1200 Sq.feet and above falling within the limits of
Muncipalities/Corporations and Bangalore Development Authority sectors.
All Government buildings/Residential schools/All educational
institutions/Technical/Vocational Education Institutions/ All training
institutions/ Hostels/ Tourism complexes/ Universities/ Community centers/
Kalyana Mantapas where facility for stay is provided.

A rebate of 50 paise per unit of electricity
consumed subject to a maximum of Rs.50/- per
installation per month will be allowed to Tariff
schedule LT 2(a), if solar water heater are
installed and used. Where bulk solar water
heating system is installed, solar water heater
rebate shall be allowed to each of the individual
installations, provided that, the capacity oof solar
water heater in such apartment/group housing
shall be a minimum capacity of 100 Ltr. Per
household.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
Solar Water Heaters:

The public are being enlightened on this in various forums especially in
Janasamparka Sabhas, Customer meets etc., We have also instructed
the Meter Readers and the Linemen who are visiting the customer
premises during the meter readings and while attending to the customer
complaints to explain about the advantages of Solar Water Heating
systems in the form of saving energy and consequential reduction in the
electricity bills.

We have issued strict directions to the field officers to adhere to the
notifications issued regarding mandatory use of Solar Water Heating
systems by the customers as per the guidelines of Government of
Karnataka.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
Solar Water Heaters:

No. of Solar Water Heating Systems installed in BESCOM
are as follows:
2008-09
: 6,187
2009-10
: 47,218
2010-11
: 52,491
2011-12
: 72,084
2012-13
: 95,819
Time of Day Tariff
KERC has decided to make Time of Day Tariff compulsory for HT2(a) and
HT2(b) consumers with a contract demand of 500 KVA and above.
 Further, the optional ToD would continue as existing earlier for HT2(a) and
HT2(b) consumers with contract demand of less than 500 KVA.
 Also the ToD for HT1 consumers on optional basis would continue as
existing earlier.
 Details of TOD tariff are indicated under the respective tariff category.
 BESCOM has replaced all the 1278 nos of ToD feature meters for HT2(a)
and HT2(b) consumers with a contract demand of 500 KVA and above as on
30th September 2012.
TOD tariff applicable to LT5(a) & (b): At the option of the consumer as
follows.

Time of Day
Increase +/reduction (-) in energy charges over the
normal tariff applicable
22.00 Hrs to 06.00 Hrs
(-) 125 paise per unit
06.00 Hrs to 18.00 Hrs
0
18.00 Hrs to 22.00 Hrs
+100 paise per unit
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
4. Lifestyle change approach to Best Energy Conservation
Practices- a pilot by M/s CSD :
• M/s. Centre for Sustainable Development were engaged for
bringing in awareness among residential / commercial customers for
adopting of Energy Efficient methods in their daily lifestyle as a
pilot project in Brigade Road, M.G. Road, Residency Road and Halasur.
About 1601 customers have participated in this project.
• M/s CSD have submitted the final report and the results are
encouraging which indicate a saving of an average 8-10% of energy
by all participating customers in this scheme.
This pilot is the first of its kind in India conducted by a public
utility using an NGO.
•
•
5. Replacement of Copper Chokes
by electronic ballast
BESCOM
has undertaken replacement of existing Copper chokes in
Fluorescent tubelight fittings of BESCOM buildings by energy
efficient electronic ballast through M/s. KEONICS a State
Government undertaking.
During 2011– 2012, BESCOM has replaced 5,298 nos. of existing 50
Watts copper ballast by 28 Watts electronic ballast chokes (with 8
years warranty period) in various BESCOM building at a cost of Rs.
66.90 lakhs.
This resulted in saving of energy to the tune of 0.35 million units per
year considering average usage of TL fittings of 10 hours per day for
25 days in a month.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
6. Involvement of BBMP:BBMP was requested to reduce energy consumption in street lights, hoardings
and parks etc.
 BESCOM is insisting on BBMP and Bangalore Metropolitan Area
Zone for fixing automatic timer switches to street light circuits as
mandatory. As studies show the usage of electronic timer switches
saves energy upto 30%. And also it ensures timely switching streetlight
circuits ON at 6 PM and switching off at 6 AM exactly.
 To switch ON the street lights just at the dusk i.e. 6.30 pm and switch
OFF just before the sunrise i.e. by 5.30 am (During summer).
 To switch OFF lights (except for security lighting) in parks and
gardens immediately after exit of public in the evenings i.e. by
8.00 pm.
 To take action for reduction of 50% of power in respect of hoardings,
boards and advertising illuminations. (Make provision for dimmers to
lighting after 10 PM or to switch off after 10 PM).
 Make provision for dimmers, for street lights and put them on 3 phases
in such a manner that alternative street lights are ON in different
phases with a facility to switch off the lights whenever required.
 To switch off 1/3rd of the street lights on high masts after 10.00pm.
Response: Good
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
7. Involvement of Hoardings and Advertising Agencies:
 To Switch OFF illumination on hoardings not given
to the clients.
 By using energy efficient lighting & dimming
hoarding lighting after 10 PM/ Switching OFF
illumination after 10.00 pm.
 Reduce 1/3rd of the illumination.
Response: Good
 To use LEDs for illumination.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
8. Involvement of Commercial Establishments:




To reduce lighting illumination by 25%.
Non usage of more decorative lights.
To reduce usage of Air conditioning.
Stoppage of downward escalators during peak
hours.
 To reduce hoarding lights.
 To reduce lights in car parking area and passage
area.
Response: Good
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
9. VIDHYUTH JAGRUTHI YOJANE
• “Vidhyuth Jagruthi Yojane” an awareness program introduced for Higher
Primary & High school children to bring in awareness among the children who
in-turn communicate this in their families.
• A booklet with information of Electricity Generation, Transmission,
Distribution, Regulators and Energy Conservation methods was distributed
among the children.
• An objective and pick and speak test were conducted after a week and cash
prizes awarded for the top three students in both the test.




Under Vidyuth Jagruthi Yojane, a tender amounting to Rs.1.5 Crores
(approximately) has been called for Design and implementation of
conducting energy efficiency measures and demand side management
awareness activities in selected 100 schools in Bangalore Urban District
and to sensitize approximate one lakh students and to bring down energy
consumption on contract period of two years.
The bidders have to collect last two years electricity consumption data of
selected schools and from one lakh students (preferably).
Government/municipal and aided private schools.
The bidders has to prepare a working model study
material/booklets/exhibits/ drawings/posters/ppt models/awards/prizes
to school on energy conservation measures that the bidder is going to
adopt, duly approved by GM(DSM) to be distributed among all the 100
schools covering approximately One lakh students and BESCOM officials
in the Bangalore Urban District.
The bidder shall identify means to reduce energy consumption through
evolving innovative ideas.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
10. Energy Awareness Program:
• Energy Awareness programs are being
conducted regularly on the following issues :
 Necessity of energy saving and energy
conservation.
 Benefit of using energy efficient appliances
 Use of CFLs/ LEDs
 Use of Solar Water Heaters.
 Do’s and Don’ts
 Climate change – reduction of Carbon print.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
11. a) Awareness Program:
• Communication Modes Utilized:
Advertisements in Newspapers, Magazines, Souvenir etc.
On Hoardings, Bus shelters.
Jingles in Doordarshan, AIR, Big FM etc.
Posters, Pamphlets, Brochures, Car Stickers etc.
Street plays in 400 villages across BESCOM.
20 Minute documentary film developed and displayed in
Rural areas through Department of Information, GOK.
Through Janasamparka sabhas.
Through Interaction meetings etc.
DSM ACTIVITIES IN BESCOM
12. NIRANTHARA JYOTHI SCHEME:

Niranthara Jyothi project is a prestigious scheme of Government of
Karnataka where in segregation of Non - Agricultural loads and
Agricultural loads in Rural areas was undertaken to provide 24 hrs 3
phase power supply to non – agricultural loads like domestic,
commercial, water supply, street light, rural industries, milk diaries
etc.

This will enable BESCOM to give 24X7 supply to Non-Agricultural loads in
Rural areas

Reduction in transformer failures

Increase in metered sales

Reduction in technical losses

Improved load management
12.a) Stages of implementation of Niranthara Jyothi Scheme
(as part of DSM activity)





A pilot project on Niranthara Jyothi Scheme was undertaken in 2011 at Malur
in Kolar district covering 272 villages by drawing 10 new 11 KV feeders at a
cost of Rs. 18.67 crores.
In phase I of Niranthara Jyothi Scheme, the work of 235 nos of constructing
new 11 KV feeders work was commissioned out of this 260 nos of newly
proposed 11 KV feeders.
Upto 30.04.2013. Rs.310.425 crores financial progress was achieved out of
DPR cost of Rs.355.85 crores covering 19 taluks.
In the phase II of Niranthara Jyothi Scheme, the work of constructing 15 nos
of new 11 KV feeders work completed out of this 289 nos of newly proposed
11 KV feeders.
Upto 30.04.2013, Rs.60.90 crores financial progress has been achieved out of
DPR cost of Rs.385.71 crores covering 21 taluks.

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