The Science and Market Drivers Behind GPIC

Report
DOE + Regional Innovation Cluster
GPIC-HUB
1
GPIC-HUB
Impact of Energy Efficient Buildings
• A 50 percent reduction in buildings’ energy usage would be equivalent to
taking every passenger vehicle and small truck in the United States off the
road.
• A 70 percent reduction in buildings’ energy usage is equivalent to eliminating
the entire energy consumption of the U.S. transportation sector.
DESIGN, CONTROL AND OPTIMIZATION OF
WHOLE BUILDING SYSTEMS IS THE ONLY
WAY TO GET THERE …
? WHY ?
84% of energy consumed in
buildings is during the use of the
building
Mission and Goals
GPIC-HUB
• Transform the commercial/institutional building retrofit environment
by providing means and methods to improve energy efficiency by 50
percent that can be readily adopted by industry and is implemented in
the marketplace over the next 10 years.
• The strategic market focus of the HUB is on full-spectrum retrofit of
existing average size commercial , institutional and multi-family
residential buildings in the 10 county region defining greater
Philadelphia.
• Regional Focus is key differentiator between GPIC and other DOE
funded HUBS,EFRC’s, ARPA-E, National Laboratory Buildings
Research…
• Stimulate private investment and quality job creation in the Greater
Philadelphia region and beyond
4/13/2015
Slide: 3
GPIC-HUB
Who is the Hub
24 MEMBERS FOCUSED ON A COMPLEX PROBLEM
• The Hub is comprised of 24 members including eleven
universities, two DOE laboratories, six global industrial firms,
economic development agencies, and community and technical
colleges. These members have come together to provide
expertise and effort to deliver open source results through
strategic collaboration helping to develop a potential new $500
billion dollar market in energy efficient retrofits.
1. The Pennsylvania State University
2. Ben Franklin Technology Partners of Southeastern Pennsylvania
3. Collegiate Consortium
4. Drexel University
5. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
6. Morgan State University
7. Philadelphia Industrial Development Corporation
8. Princeton University
9. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory
10.Rutgers University
11.United Technologies Corporation
12.University of Pittsburgh
13.Wharton Small Business Development Center (SBDC)
14. Bayer MaterialScience
15. Carnegie Mellon University
16. Delaware Valley Industrial Resource Center (DVIRC)
17. IBM Research
18. Lutron Electronics, Inc.
19. New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT)
20. PPG Industries
21. Purdue University
22. Turner Construction Company
23. University of Pennsylvania
24. Virginia Tech
Building Sector vs. Other Sectors
GPIC-HUB
Automobile
Systems
Aircraft
Systems
4/13/2015
Slide: 5
Houston – We Have a Problem
GPIC-HUB
Building SYSTEM Energy Efficiency Improvements
Lagging Building Components
SFC
SFC
(units energy /output)
1.2
(lighting)
0.018
0.016
1
0.014
Building Systems
0.8
0.012
Lighting Sub Systems
0.010
0.6
Building
Cooling Sub Systems
0.4
Glazing
Sub Systems
0.008
0.006
0.004
0.2
0.002
0
1950
1960
1970
1980
1990
2000
2010
0.000
2020
Building Sector Accounts for :
4/13/2015
40% of Total U.S. Prime Energy Expended
70% of all U.S. Electric Energy Use
Slide: 6
GPIC-HUB
Why does the Hub Exist?
TO SOLVE A COMPLEX PROBLEM
Historical whole building
performance
Future whole building
performance
Historical building component
performance
4/13/2015
Slide: 7
The Problem: Building Sector Significantly Different in Structure
and Development Drivers are Very Different than
Manufacturing and Transportation Sectors
GPIC-HUB
SFC
SFC
1960
1980
2000
Time
1960
1980
2000
Time
Manufacturing & Transportation Sectors
Continuous Improvement Modeling
Vertically Integrated Processes – Multiple System Copies
Makes Performance Improvement Design “Easier”
Public Policy Stimulated
Direct Cost Driven
Standard Database Foundations
Public Awareness of Performance Results
4/13/2015
Slide: 8
Why does the Hub Exist
To establish “critical mass” of research focus on systems
science, design and development of buildings
GPIC-HUB
The impact is lack of aggregated funds for systems driven research and development
4/13/2015
Slide: 9
Economic Context of Hub Mission
GPIC-HUB
Building Sector Innovation Issues
Information and Computer Technology is not being Adopted
as quickly as in other Industries
4/13/2015
Slide: 10
Why does the Hub Exist
TO SOLVE A COMPLEX PROBLEM REGIONALLY
GPIC-HUB
• The issues impeding energy efficient retrofits are intrinsically
regional in nature:
•
•
•
•
•
4/13/2015
Design
Materials of construction
Infrastructure
Energy supply
Economics
•
•
•
•
Public policy
Existing building stock issues
Workforce
Weather
Slide: 11
Measured Performance is Needed
GPIC-HUB
Analysis of 121 LEED-Rated Buildings
Low-to-Medium Energy Use Intensity Buildings
Building codes are for
Designto
Performance,
Measured
Design Ratio NOT based on Measured Performance.
Towards Zero-Net Energy
Gap
• Lack of Measurements & Policies Requiring it
M. Frankel, “The Energy Performance of LEED Buildings,”presented at the Summer Study on Energy Efficient Buildings,
American Council of Energy Efficiency Economy, Asilomar Conference Center, Pacific Grove, CA, August 17-22, 2008.
Establishing Navy Yard Instrumented Building Set:
Design Tool, Economic Model, Integrated Technologies Development and Calibration
GPIC-HUB
Building 661 - Final Hub Headquarters
Living Laboratory
Center for EEB Innovation
Reference for CMBS
Building 14 – One of Most Instrumented Buildings in the
World for Model Calibration:
- Load and Energy Simulation Models
- Indoor Air Quality Models
- HVAC Equipment Models
- Renovation Design Models
Building 101 – Highly Instrumented
Lighting Design Focus
Controls System Development Focus
Liberty Property Buildings – LEED Certified Buildings
Highly Instrumented
Load and Energy Model Calibration
Business Model Driven
Integrated Delivery of Building Retrofit, Renovation
50% Energy Utilization Reduction
Improved Indoor Environment Performance
Design and
Associated Control
Options
Calibrated Design
and Operational Models
GPIC-HUB
REVIT, BIM 
BEM, SEM FILES;
Regional , Building Database
Policy Enablers
Value Propositions
Business Model(s)
Financing Options
Delivery Specs
Renovated Building with
Expected and Monitored
Performance Characteristics
4/13/2015
Slide: 14
When are Hub results expected
GPIC-HUB
DELIVERING ON THE PROMISE
• The Hub’s long-term results are expected to begin transforming
the 10 county region within the next five years.
• HOWEVER, the Hub is already having an impact.
– conducted ten regional workshops on many aspects of energy efficient
retrofits
– raised the dialogue with policy makers on the importance of energy
efficient building retrofits to the regional economy
– formalized strategic relationships with ASHRAE and USGBC
– engaged with the DOE Buildings Technologies Program to coordinate
development of tools, national building energy database, asset rating
methods, etc.
– working with ORNL, PNNL, NREL and LBNL in moving their technologies
and work products into the market
4/13/2015
Slide: 15

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