Drive Right Chapter 6 - Christian Fenger Academy High School

Report
Performing Basic Vehicle Maneuvers
Mr. Millar
PE II


Steering your vehicle only requires minor
adjustments.
What is does it mean to over steer?
◦ Turning your steering wheel too much!
◦ Over steering will cause your vehicle to weave from
side to side!

What is under steer?
◦ Not turning your steering wheel enough!
◦ May continue too far in one direction before
correcting! (onto shoulder of road!)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Hold the brake pedal down and shift to reverse.
Turn your body to the right, and put your arm
over the back of the passenger seat. Look back
through rear window. (p.110 picture)
Put your left hand at top/12 o’clock on wheel
Release pressure on the brake just enough to
allow the vehicle to creep backward slowly.
Move wheel in direction you want car to go
Keep foot on the brake as you back up!

Right turn

Right? Left? Stop?

When would these signals be useful?




Drivers must be able to execute the lane-change
manuever smoothly and safely before they learn
to pass other vehicles.
Changing lanes helps you get a better view of the
road ahead.
Do not oversteer when changing lanes. You may
lose control.
See Picture on p. 112 for good and bad lane
changes.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Check traffic in the front and left-front
zones. Check rear zones through the
rearview mirrors.
Signal and make a blind-spot check over left
shoulder to check traffic.
Increase your speed slightly as you steer
smoothly into the next lane when clear.
Cancel your signal and adjust your speed.

Complete Chapter 6 Skills and application
activity's
1. Use the diagrams
2. Pick the Hand and Arm Positions
Making Turns and Turning the Vehicle
Around

What is hand over hand steering?
◦ Pulling the steering wheel down with one hand
while your other hand crosses over to pull the
wheel farther down.

Steps to making a left turn:
1. Begin turn with balanced hand position.
2. Pull down with left hand. Right pushes the wheel
towards the left.
3. Release left hand from wheel and cross it over
the wheel at about 1 o’clock.
4. After making turn, relax grip. Either allow wheel
to return to position or move it back manually.

Push wheel up with one hand
Pull it down with the other hand

Benefit?

◦ Allows driver to keep both hands on wheel at all
times!
1.
2.
3.
Look for pedestrians and oncoming
vehicles. Check rear zones for vehicles
about to pass you.
Plan turns well in advance. Be in correct
lane to turn a block before you turn.
Obey all traffic signs, signals, and roadway
markings. Remember to YIELD to oncoming
traffic.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Position vehicle in correct lane. Signal ½
block before turn.
Brake early to reduce speed.
Check front zones for vehicles, pedestrians,
and bicycles.
Slow down to 10mph before intersection.
5.
6.
7.
Right turn – when bumper is even with curb
Left turn – just before vehicle reaches center
of intersection.
Check blind spots. Turn into same lane you
left.

What is it?
◦ Turning lanes made midblock from center lane
◦ WATCH for oncoming traffic using lane. YIELD!
1.
2.
3.
Check for traffic, pedestrians, parked
vehicles, and other objects. Turn head to
direction you will be backing.
Keep both hands on wheel. Turn wheel
RIGHT to go RIGHT. LEFT to go LEFT.
Back up slowly. Unwind steering wheel to
finish in straight position.

What is a turnabout?
◦ Manuever for turning your vehicle around to go in
the opposite direction! (U-turn)

High risk manuever
◦ Must cross or back into traffic.

Tips:
◦ Be sure local laws permit!
◦ Not near hills, curves, or traffic
1.
Midblock U-turn
2.
Back into driveway on right side
3.
Pull into driveway on left side
4.
Pull into driveway on right side
5.
3 point turnabout

Consider these factors:

Backing into alley or driveway is usually safest.
Allows you to enter traffic forward.

Only use 3-point turn when you are on dead-end
street or on rural road with no driveways.
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
◦
Legal in the area? (many intersections ban U-turns.
Amount of traffic
Types of driveways available
Need to enter traffic lanes forward or backward
Lots of space to enter traffic
Number of traffic lanes to cross



1. Test your knowledge
2. Identify the turnabout
3. Complete the Statements on Turning
Procedures.
Parking

Requires:
◦ Speed control
◦ Steering control
◦ Accurate judgment
1.
2.
3.
4.
Find space with lots of room for vehicle
Avoid end spaces due to greater risk of
being struck by other moving vehicles
Avoid spaces near poorly parked vehicles
Use reference points (part of car compared
to outside of car) when executing parking
maneuvers.

Reference Point:
◦ Some part of the outside or inside of the vehicle
that relates to some part of the roadway.

Standard Reference Point:
◦ Point on vehicle typical for most drivers.
◦ Ex. Mirrors, center of hood

Personal Reference Points
◦ Reference points on your vehicle you use that help
you personally. May be different than standard.
◦ Ex. Wipers, door handles, or rearview mirrors.

Parking diagonal to the curb
◦ Used in many shopping center parking lots.

Right angle to curb (90 degrees)


Parking parallel to curb
Steps:
◦ 1. Stop 2-3 feet from front vehicle with bumper even
◦ 2. turn wheel 1.5 times
◦ 3. Straighten wheel when drivers mirror passes rear
of front car.
◦ 4. When nose clears front vehicles bump turn wheel
sharply.
◦ Cover brake at all times!


Always turn the
front wheels and
use parking brake
Wheels are different
depending on uphill
or downhill and with
a curb or without.
Always think about vehicle rolling away from traffic!

Complete use the picture on p.24 of skills
and applications

similar documents