Chapter 1_5 Anatomical Terminology

Report
Sponge: Set up Cornell Notes
on pg. 19
Topic: 1.5 Anatomical
Terminology
Essential Question:
Write complete sentences
correctly using each of the
14 anatomical terms on the
bottom 2/3 of pg. 18
1.5 Anatomical
Terminology
2.1 Atoms,
Ions,
and Molecules
Write complete sentences
correctly using each of the
14 anatomical terms on the
bottom 2/3 of pg. 18
Anatomical Terminology
Anatomical Position – standing
erect, facing forward, upper limbs at
the sides, palms facing forward
Palms out
Draw a small picture to remind you next to your
definition
2
Superior vs. Inferior
Superior: Top. Or part that is
above another part; closer to the
head
Ex: The Kidneys are superior
to the bladder
Inferior: Bottom. Or part that
is below another part; toward
the feet
Ex: The bladder is inferior
to the kidneys
3
Anterior vs. Posterior
Anterior: Front
Ex: The liver is anterior to the
stomach
Posterior: Back
Ex: The stomach is
posterior to the liver
4
Medial vs. Lateral
Medial: Imaginary midline
(middle) dividing the body into
equal right and left halves.
Anything “toward the middle”.
Ex: The chest is medial to the
arms
Lateral: Side. Toward the right
or left side of the midline.
Ex: The arms are lateral to
the chest
5
Types of Lateral
Ipsilateral: Same side
Ex: The appendix is
ipsilateral to the gallbladder
Contralateral: Opposite side
Ex: The gallbladder is
contralateral to the stomach
6
Intermediate
Intermediate: Being between or
in the middle of two structures
Ex: The heart is intermediate
to the lungs
7
Proximal vs. Distal
Proximal: Closer to the trunk of
the body than another part
Ex: The elbow is proximal to the
wrist = The elbow is closer to the
trunk than the wrist is
Trunk
Distal: Farther from the trunk
of the body than another part.
Ex: The fingers are distal to the
wrist = The fingers are farther
from the trunk than the wrist
8
Superficial vs. Peripheral
Superficial: toward or on the
surface of the body (shallow)
Ex: The epidermis is
superficial to the dermis
Deep: Describes the parts that
are more deep
Ex: The dermis is deep to the
epidermis
9
Body Sections
In What ways can we cut a body
or organ?
10
11
Sagittal: Lengthwise cut that divides the body
into unequal right and left portions
Midsagittal: cut that divides the body into
equal right and left portions
12
Transverse: Horizontal cut. Divides the body
into superior (top) and inferior (bottom)
portions
13
Coronal: Refers to a section that divides
the body into anterior (front) and
posterior (back) portions
14
15
1.
2.
3.
Name
the
planes
16
Sagittal
Coronal
1.
2.
3.
Transverse
Name
the
planes
17
Sagittal
Transverse
Coronal
Which cuts are these?
18
EQ: Anatomical Term Sentences
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Superior
Inferior
Anterior
•Complete your EQ with a partner
Posterior
•On
the
bottom
2/3
of
pg.
18
Medial
Lateral
Ex:
The head is superior to the
• Ipsilateral
knees.
• Contralateral
• Intermediate
Proximal
Distal
Superficial
Peripheral
Deep
19
Please turn in your organ system
essay directions
• Make sure your NAME and PERIOD are on
the top
Classwork
• Complete the Anatomical Terminology and
Planes Worksheet
• Test next Wed 9/18- memorize terms!
• Answer All EQs and Cornell Questions
• Notebook check Wed 9/18
21
1. The heart is ____________________
to the lungs.
intermediate
inferior
2. The large intestine is ____________________
to the stomach.
3. The thumb is ______________
to the wrist.
distal
proximal to the ankle.
4. The kneecap is _________________
5. The nose lies on the ________________surface
of the body.
anterior
lateral
6. The eyes are located ____________to
the nose.
7. The ears are situated _________________to
the head.
superficial
8. The upper arm muscle is _____________to
the skin.
deep
medial
9. The spine is located __________________.
posterior to the quadriceps.
10. The hamstrings are located_______________
superior
11. The brain is ____________to
the heart.
intermediate to the thumb and middle finger.
12. The index finger is ___________________
22
1. The right arm is ____________________
to the left arm.
contralateral
inferior
2. The large intestine is ____________________
to the stomach.
3. The thumb is ______________
to the wrist.
distal
proximal to the ankle.
4. The kneecap is _________________
5. The nose lies on the ________________surface
of the body.
anterior
lateral
6. The eyes are located ____________to
the nose.
7. The ears are situated _________________to
the head.
superficial
8. The upper arm muscle is _____________to
the skin.
deep
medial
9. The spine is located __________________.
posterior to the quadriceps.
10. The hamstrings are located_______________
superior
11. The brain is ____________to
the heart.
intermediate to the thumb and middle finger.
12. The index finger is ___________________
23
1. Superior
10. Superficial
(Body Hair)
3. Proximal
9. Deep
(Heart)
4.
Distal
5. Anterior (Knee)
8. Lateral
2. Inferior
7. Medial
6. Posterior(Heel)
24
Parasaggital
Coronal
Midsaggital
Transverse
25
Complete these sentences using the terms superior and inferior.
•The hands are ________________to the feet
•The knees are ________________ to the waist.
•The elbow is ________________ to the wrist.
•The calf muscle is ________________to the ankle.
Complete these sentences using the terms anterior and posterior.
•The heel is ________________ to the toes.
•The shin is _____________ to the calf.
•The nose is ____________to the crown of the head.
Anatomical
Terminology
Class Practice
Complete these sentences using the terms lateral and medial.
•The arms are _______________to the midline.
•The neck is ______________to the arms.
•The shoulders are ___________to the midline.
Complete these sentences using the terms superior and inferior.
superior
•The hands are ________________to
the feet
•The knees are ________________
to the waist.
inferior
superior
•The elbow is ________________
to the wrist.
superior
•The calf muscle is ________________to
the ankle.
Complete these sentences using the terms anterior and posterior.
posterior to the toes.
•The heel is ________________
•The shin is _____________
to the calf.
anterior
•The nose is ____________to
anterior the crown of the head.
Complete these sentences using the terms lateral and medial.
lateral
•The arms are _______________to
the midline.
•The neck is ______________to
the arms.
medial
•The shoulders are ___________to
the midline.
lateral
Draw this diagram: Match the correct terms with their meanings. Place the
correct letter in the empty column
toward the middle
toward the sides
Draw this diagram: Match the correct terms with their meanings. Place the
correct letter in the empty column
C
F
G
D
H
B
A
E
toward the middle
toward the sides
Body Sections
30
Abdominal Subdivisions
31
Body Regions
32

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