Lesson 6 Future Tense Verbs Dec. 1-8, 2014 Review: Genitive Case • The genitive case is used to show possession and is translated with “of.” • Casa Marci est magna. • The house of Marcus is big. • Cibus servorum est parvus. • The food of the slaves is small. Future Tense Verbs • The future tense refers to something that will or is going to happen at a future time. • In English, we use the helping verbs “will” or “shall” to express future tense. • Latin uses prefixes on the present tense verb endings to make future tense verb endings, like this… Future Tense Endings Future Active Tense (p. 56 in text) Singular 1st -BO (I will...) Plural -BIMUS (we will…) 2nd -BIS (you will...) -BITIS (y’all will…) 3rd -BIT (he/she/it will…) -BUNT (they will…) Finding the Present Stem Review (yes, the old present stem works for future verbs, too!) • • • • • amo, amare laboro, laborare paro, parare porto, portare specto, spectare • • • • • AMALABORAPARAPORTASPECTA- First Person Amabo Second Person Third Person Ama bis Ama bit I will love You will love He/she/it will love Ama bimus We will love Ama bitis Ya’ll will love Ama bunt They will love Future Active Tense (p. 56 in text) Your turn! • navigo, navigare---to sail • Write out its future tense chart on your whiteboard. Singular Plural 1st -BO (I….) -BIMUS (we…) 2nd -BIS (you….) -BITIS (y’all) 3rd -BIT (he/she/it…) -BUNT (they…) Your turn! • specto, spectare---to look at, watch • Write out its future tense chart on your whiteboard. Singular Plural 1st -BO (I….) -BIMUS (we…) 2nd -BIS (you….) -BITIS (y’all) 3rd -BIT (he/she/it…) -BUNT (they…) Let’s practice translating future tense verbs! 1. amabo 2. spectabit 3. portabunt 4. parabitis 5. spectabis 6. parabo 7. laborabit 8. laborabimus Singular Plural 1st -BO (I….) -BIMUS (we…) 2nd -BIS (you….) -BITIS (y’all) 3rd -BIT (he/she/it…) -BUNT (they…) Verb Practice! • • • • The girl will work. The farmers will work. I will work. You (sg.) will work in the field. • We will work on the good land. • He will work in the shop. • Will they work the field? • • • • • You (pl.) will work in the house. • 2nd person, pl., laborabitis 3rd person, sg., laborabit 3rd person, pl., laborabunt 1st person, sg., laborabo 2nd person, sg., laborabis • 1st person, pl., laborabimus • 3rd person, sg., laborabit • 3rd person, pl., laborabunt Can You Beat ? Correct the following sentences that Google translate couldn’t handle. Write the Latin and the CORRECT English beneath it. 1. Ad silvam cibum cras portabunt. 2. Nunc carrum reginae spectamus. 3. Ad terram novam navigabimus. 4. Magnae undae ad insulam sunt. 5. Anna ad familiam copiam aquae portabit. 6. Ad insulam navigabis. 1. Forest tomorrow to carry food. 2. Now look at the queen's carriage. 3. To sail to the new earth. 4. Great waves to the island. 5. Shall bear to the family of Anna, a water supply. 6. Sail to the island.