CHINA Music - eeo210china

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CHINA
Music
Traditional Chinese Instruments
Chinese Music
Chinese music has a distinctive sound, quite
unlike any Western music. This is mainly due to
the unique sounds and playing styles of
traditional Chinese musical instruments (CPP
2008).
Watch the following clip of people making music
with traditional Chinese instruments.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uiOgOQcWGsc
Instruments
• Instruments are often categorised by the
materials they are made of. Chinese
instruments can be made of skin, gourd,
bamboo, wood, silk, earth/clay, metal or
stone.
• Eg. The strings on this instrument are
made of silk.
Types of Instruments
• The Chinese also categorised their
instruments based on how they were played.
For example, their instruments are either;
• Blown
• Plucked
• Bowed, or
• Struck.
Woodwind, strings and percussion.
• Blown instruments are like our woodwind
instruments, where sound is created by blowing
air into the instrument.
• Plucked and bowed instruments are like our
string instruments, where either the fingers or a
bow are used on the strings to create music.
• Struck instruments are like our percussion
instruments, where sound is created when
instruments are hit with another object, or are
sometimes hit together.
Sorting Activity
• You will now see images of 16 different
traditional Chinese instruments. Your job is to
sort them into the four categories that the
Chinese use to describe how they are played.
• Blown
• Plucked
• Bowed, or
• Struck.
1. Bangu
To hear a sample of bangu music, click here;
http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/bangu.mp3
2. Banhu
To hear a sample of banhu music, click here;
http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/Banhu.mp3
3. Bo
To hear a sample of bo music, click here;
http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/Bo.mp3
4. Dizi
To hear a sample of dizi music, click here;
http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/dizi.mp3
5. Erhu
To hear a sample of erhu music, click here;
http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/erhu.mp3
6. Luo
To hear a sample of luo music, click here;
http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/Lou.mp3
7. Guan
8. Jinghu
9. Muyu
10. Pipa
To hear a sample of pipa music, click here;
http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/pipa.mp3
11. Yangqin
To hear a sample of yangqin music, click here;
http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/Yangqin.mp3
12. Souna
To hear a sample of souna music, click here;
http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/ShuoNa.mp3
13. Ruan
14. Zhonghu
15. Sheng
To hear a sample of sheng music, click here;
http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/sheng.mp3
16. Zheng
How did you go?
Blown
4. Dizi
7. Guan
12. Souna
15. Sheng
Bowed
2. Banhu
5. Erhu
8. Jinghu
14. Zhonghu
Plucked
10. Pipa
11. Yangqin
13. Ruan
16. Zheng
Struck
1. Bangu
3. Bo
6. Luo
9. Muyu
Categories by Material
• Can you list an instrument that is made from;
Material
Instrument
Silk
Metal
Wood
Bamboo
Skin
Gourd
Earth/Clay
Stone
Ocarina
Pien Ching
How did you go?
Material
Instrument
Silk
Metal
Stringed instruments eg. erhu
Bo (cymbals), Gong
Wood
Bamboo
Skin
Muyu (also xylophones)
Most wind instruments, eg. dizi, souna
Drums eg. bangu
Gourd
Earth/Clay
Stone
Sheng
Ocarina
Pien Ching
References
• Information and audio files taken from:
China People Promotions (CPP) 2008, Promoting traditional Chinese arts
and culture, retrieved 13 May 2009,
http://chinesemusic.co.uk/main/modules/content/index.php?id=27.
• Flogoe1, 2006, Chinese music: flute, banjo, citer and erhu, retrieved 12
May 2009, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uiOgOQcWGsc.
• Information and images taken from:
Noll, P 2009, Traditional Chinese instruments, retrieved 13 May 2009,
http://www.paulnoll.com/China/Music/China-musical-instruments.html.

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