CHINA Music Traditional Chinese Instruments Chinese Music Chinese music has a distinctive sound, quite unlike any Western music. This is mainly due to the unique sounds and playing styles of traditional Chinese musical instruments (CPP 2008). Watch the following clip of people making music with traditional Chinese instruments. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uiOgOQcWGsc Instruments • Instruments are often categorised by the materials they are made of. Chinese instruments can be made of skin, gourd, bamboo, wood, silk, earth/clay, metal or stone. • Eg. The strings on this instrument are made of silk. Types of Instruments • The Chinese also categorised their instruments based on how they were played. For example, their instruments are either; • Blown • Plucked • Bowed, or • Struck. Woodwind, strings and percussion. • Blown instruments are like our woodwind instruments, where sound is created by blowing air into the instrument. • Plucked and bowed instruments are like our string instruments, where either the fingers or a bow are used on the strings to create music. • Struck instruments are like our percussion instruments, where sound is created when instruments are hit with another object, or are sometimes hit together. Sorting Activity • You will now see images of 16 different traditional Chinese instruments. Your job is to sort them into the four categories that the Chinese use to describe how they are played. • Blown • Plucked • Bowed, or • Struck. 1. Bangu To hear a sample of bangu music, click here; http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/bangu.mp3 2. Banhu To hear a sample of banhu music, click here; http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/Banhu.mp3 3. Bo To hear a sample of bo music, click here; http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/Bo.mp3 4. Dizi To hear a sample of dizi music, click here; http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/dizi.mp3 5. Erhu To hear a sample of erhu music, click here; http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/erhu.mp3 6. Luo To hear a sample of luo music, click here; http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/Lou.mp3 7. Guan 8. Jinghu 9. Muyu 10. Pipa To hear a sample of pipa music, click here; http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/pipa.mp3 11. Yangqin To hear a sample of yangqin music, click here; http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/Yangqin.mp3 12. Souna To hear a sample of souna music, click here; http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/ShuoNa.mp3 13. Ruan 14. Zhonghu 15. Sheng To hear a sample of sheng music, click here; http://chinapeoplepromotions.org/music/mp3/sheng.mp3 16. Zheng How did you go? Blown 4. Dizi 7. Guan 12. Souna 15. Sheng Bowed 2. Banhu 5. Erhu 8. Jinghu 14. Zhonghu Plucked 10. Pipa 11. Yangqin 13. Ruan 16. Zheng Struck 1. Bangu 3. Bo 6. Luo 9. Muyu Categories by Material • Can you list an instrument that is made from; Material Instrument Silk Metal Wood Bamboo Skin Gourd Earth/Clay Stone Ocarina Pien Ching How did you go? Material Instrument Silk Metal Stringed instruments eg. erhu Bo (cymbals), Gong Wood Bamboo Skin Muyu (also xylophones) Most wind instruments, eg. dizi, souna Drums eg. bangu Gourd Earth/Clay Stone Sheng Ocarina Pien Ching References • Information and audio files taken from: China People Promotions (CPP) 2008, Promoting traditional Chinese arts and culture, retrieved 13 May 2009, http://chinesemusic.co.uk/main/modules/content/index.php?id=27. • Flogoe1, 2006, Chinese music: flute, banjo, citer and erhu, retrieved 12 May 2009, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uiOgOQcWGsc. • Information and images taken from: Noll, P 2009, Traditional Chinese instruments, retrieved 13 May 2009, http://www.paulnoll.com/China/Music/China-musical-instruments.html.