Extra Curricula: Music

Egyptian Music
Ms. Alshimaa Nofal
The music of Egypt
 The
music of Egypt has been an integral
part of Egyptian culture since ancient
times. The ancient Egyptians credited one
of their gods Thoth with the invention of
music, which Osiris in turn used as part of
his effort to civilize the world.
Musicians of Amun, Tomb of
Old Kingdom
 The
earliest material and representational
evidence of Egyptian musical instrumen
dates to the Predynastic period, but the
evidence is more securely attested in the
Old Kingdom when harps, flutes and
double clarinets were played. Percussion
instruments, lyres and lutes were added to
orchestras by the Middle Kingdom.
Lute and double pipe players from a painting
found in the Theban tomb
Egyptian folk music:
 Egyptian
folk music, including the
traditional Sufi dhikr rituals, are the
closest contemporary music genre
to ancient Egyptian music, having
preserved many of its features,
rhythms and instruments.
Modern Egyptian
 modern
Egyptian music blends indigenous
traditions with Turkish, Arabic, and Western
 The tonal structure of Arabic music is
defined by the maqamat, loosely similar
to Western modes, while the rhythm of
Arabic music is governed by the awzan
(wazn, sing.), formed by combinations of
accented and unaccented beats and
Egyptian pop music:
 Egyptian
pop music was a way to
communicate social and class issues.
Among some of the most popular
Egyptian pop singers today is Mohamed
Music & Regions
 Saidi
(Upper Egyptian)
 Nubian
 Sawahli (coastal)
Modern popular and folk traditions
 Contemporary
Egyptian music traces its
beginnings to the creative work of
luminaries such as Abdu-l Hamuli, Almaz
and Mahmud Osman, who were all
patronized by Khedive Ismail, and who
influenced the later work of Sayed
Darwish, Umm Kulthum, Mohammed
Abdel Wahab, Abdel Halim Hafez,
Zakariyya Ahmad and other Egyptian
Musical Instruments
String Instrument!
 Oud
of stringed instruments in basic
Arabic music with five strings and bilateral
sixth chord can be linked to the OUD,also
called Egyptian Lute, Aud or UD).
Electrical Oud
 Internal
Pick up with standard jack. This
Oud has an artisitic carved out design
with a traditional sound of the Oud.
 The
Simsimiyya (Arabic: ‫) سمسمية‬is a
traditional plucked lyre used in Egypt and
Yemen. In Egypt it is traditionally used to
accompany a dance called bambutiyya,
as well as among the musicians called
suhbagiyya, in the cities of Port Said and
Ismailiyyaalso Simsemya Semsemia or
The Kanoun
The Kanoun is stringed ancient dating back to about 5
thousand a year as it was initially in Sumer in Mesopotamia
and the Kanoun in its current form machine Arab dating
back to the Abbasid era, were transmitted to Europe
through Andalusia in about the twelfth century AD and
consists of the law of the Fund Audio is usually made of
walnut wood in the form of trapezoidal-angled and there in
the box several openings called Achammsp to strengthen
the ring, and contains law mostly get 78 string for every
three strings of degree one audio and pulls the strings
parallel to the surface of the Fund's voice and in the left
side of the machine code there The ruler strain tendons in
the right side there are the Persians, which is a rod of wood
holds the tendonsalso called Kanoune, Canoune, Canoun,
kanun, Qanun or Kanun.
 Rebab
(Arabic ‫الرباب‬or ;‫رباب‬also rebap,
rabab, rebeb, rababah, or al-rababa) is a
string instrument which originated in what
is now known as Afghanistan,[citation
needed] no later than the 8th century,
and was spread via Islamic trading routes
over much of North Africa, the Middle
East, parts of Europe, and the Far East.
Also rebap, rababa, rebeb, rababah, alrababa.
Drums instruments
Painted Doumbeks
 Made
of aluminum. The clear synthetic
head is tuned with 6 tuning bolts in the
collar, but Children ones with 4 . Tuning
tool,super dohola with 8 tuning bolts nylon
case and extra synthetic head included.
All Of them available in Five sizes.... 1Children: 8" x 11 3/4". 2- Normal: 10 3/4" x
16 3/4". 3-Sonbaty: 11 1/2" x 18 1/2". 4Dohola: 12 1/2" x 19". 5-Super Dohola :21
1/2" x 14 ".
Mop inlayed doumbecks
 Aluminum
Egyptian Doumbek. The clear
synthetic head is tuned with 6 tuning bolts
in the collar .Inlayed of real mother of
pearl .Tuning tool, nylon case and extra
synthetic head included. All Of them
available in Four sizes.... 1-Children: 8" x 11
3/4". 2- Normal: 10 3/4" x 16 3/4". 3Sonbaty: 11 1/2" x 18 1/2". 4- Dohola: 12
1/2" x 19".
Riq (also spelled Rek, riqq or rik) is a type of
tambourine used as a traditional instrument in
Arabic music. It is an important instrument in both
folk and classical music throughout the Arabicspeaking world. It traditionally has a wooden
frame (although in the modern era it may also be
made of metal), jingles, and a thin, translucent
head made of fish or goat skin (or, more recently,
a synthetic material). Although in the West the
tambourine is generally considered to be a simple
rhythm instrument suited for unskilled performers,
riq players are capable of great subtlety and
A Daf
A Daf (also called doff or deff) is a large-sized
frame drum used to accompany both popular
and classical music in Egypt and other countries of
the Middle East. Some dafs are equipped with
rings or small cymbals, making them a form of
tambourine.Many have no bangles. They have a
beautiful low tone, and the bangles are low
pitched as well. The bendir (Arabic: ‫; بندير‬plural
banadir, ;‫بنادير‬also called erbeni or arbani) is a
frame drum used as a traditional instrument
throughout North Africa, more specifically in
Egypt.The bendir is a frame drum with a wooden
frame and a membrane.
Wind Instruments
 Ney
 Nai,
Nye, reed Flute.
 Kawala
 also
called Egyptian bamboo flute
 Mizmar
 also
called reed pipe, pipe, clarinet, flute,
reed, oboe.
 also
called Mijwis, Migwis and Migwiz.

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