Oriental Egyptian Music Ms. Alshimaa Nofal The music of Egypt The music of Egypt has been an integral part of Egyptian culture since ancient times. The ancient Egyptians credited one of their gods Thoth with the invention of music, which Osiris in turn used as part of his effort to civilize the world. Musicians of Amun, Tomb of Nakht Old Kingdom The earliest material and representational evidence of Egyptian musical instrumen dates to the Predynastic period, but the evidence is more securely attested in the Old Kingdom when harps, flutes and double clarinets were played. Percussion instruments, lyres and lutes were added to orchestras by the Middle Kingdom. Lute and double pipe players from a painting found in the Theban tomb Egyptian folk music: Egyptian folk music, including the traditional Sufi dhikr rituals, are the closest contemporary music genre to ancient Egyptian music, having preserved many of its features, rhythms and instruments. Modern Egyptian modern Egyptian music blends indigenous traditions with Turkish, Arabic, and Western elements. The tonal structure of Arabic music is defined by the maqamat, loosely similar to Western modes, while the rhythm of Arabic music is governed by the awzan (wazn, sing.), formed by combinations of accented and unaccented beats and rests Egyptian pop music: Egyptian pop music was a way to communicate social and class issues. Among some of the most popular Egyptian pop singers today is Mohamed Mounir Music & Regions Saidi (Upper Egyptian) Nubian Sawahli (coastal) Modern popular and folk traditions Contemporary Egyptian music traces its beginnings to the creative work of luminaries such as Abdu-l Hamuli, Almaz and Mahmud Osman, who were all patronized by Khedive Ismail, and who influenced the later work of Sayed Darwish, Umm Kulthum, Mohammed Abdel Wahab, Abdel Halim Hafez, Zakariyya Ahmad and other Egyptian musicians. Musical Instruments String Instrument! Oud Oud of stringed instruments in basic Arabic music with five strings and bilateral sixth chord can be linked to the OUD,also called Egyptian Lute, Aud or UD). Electrical Oud Internal Pick up with standard jack. This Oud has an artisitic carved out design with a traditional sound of the Oud. The Simsimiyya (Arabic: ) سمسميةis a traditional plucked lyre used in Egypt and Yemen. In Egypt it is traditionally used to accompany a dance called bambutiyya, as well as among the musicians called suhbagiyya, in the cities of Port Said and Ismailiyyaalso Simsemya Semsemia or SimSimia. The Kanoun The Kanoun is stringed ancient dating back to about 5 thousand a year as it was initially in Sumer in Mesopotamia and the Kanoun in its current form machine Arab dating back to the Abbasid era, were transmitted to Europe through Andalusia in about the twelfth century AD and consists of the law of the Fund Audio is usually made of walnut wood in the form of trapezoidal-angled and there in the box several openings called Achammsp to strengthen the ring, and contains law mostly get 78 string for every three strings of degree one audio and pulls the strings parallel to the surface of the Fund's voice and in the left side of the machine code there The ruler strain tendons in the right side there are the Persians, which is a rod of wood holds the tendonsalso called Kanoune, Canoune, Canoun, kanun, Qanun or Kanun. Al-rababa. Rebab (Arabic الربابor ;ربابalso rebap, rabab, rebeb, rababah, or al-rababa) is a string instrument which originated in what is now known as Afghanistan, no later than the 8th century, and was spread via Islamic trading routes over much of North Africa, the Middle East, parts of Europe, and the Far East. Also rebap, rababa, rebeb, rababah, alrababa. Drums instruments Painted Doumbeks Made of aluminum. The clear synthetic head is tuned with 6 tuning bolts in the collar, but Children ones with 4 . Tuning tool,super dohola with 8 tuning bolts nylon case and extra synthetic head included. All Of them available in Five sizes.... 1Children: 8" x 11 3/4". 2- Normal: 10 3/4" x 16 3/4". 3-Sonbaty: 11 1/2" x 18 1/2". 4Dohola: 12 1/2" x 19". 5-Super Dohola :21 1/2" x 14 ". Mop inlayed doumbecks Aluminum Egyptian Doumbek. The clear synthetic head is tuned with 6 tuning bolts in the collar .Inlayed of real mother of pearl .Tuning tool, nylon case and extra synthetic head included. All Of them available in Four sizes.... 1-Children: 8" x 11 3/4". 2- Normal: 10 3/4" x 16 3/4". 3Sonbaty: 11 1/2" x 18 1/2". 4- Dohola: 12 1/2" x 19". Riq Riq (also spelled Rek, riqq or rik) is a type of tambourine used as a traditional instrument in Arabic music. It is an important instrument in both folk and classical music throughout the Arabicspeaking world. It traditionally has a wooden frame (although in the modern era it may also be made of metal), jingles, and a thin, translucent head made of fish or goat skin (or, more recently, a synthetic material). Although in the West the tambourine is generally considered to be a simple rhythm instrument suited for unskilled performers, riq players are capable of great subtlety and virtuosity. A Daf A Daf (also called doff or deff) is a large-sized frame drum used to accompany both popular and classical music in Egypt and other countries of the Middle East. Some dafs are equipped with rings or small cymbals, making them a form of tambourine.Many have no bangles. They have a beautiful low tone, and the bangles are low pitched as well. The bendir (Arabic: ; بنديرplural banadir, ;بناديرalso called erbeni or arbani) is a frame drum used as a traditional instrument throughout North Africa, more specifically in Egypt.The bendir is a frame drum with a wooden frame and a membrane. Wind Instruments Ney Nai, Nye, reed Flute. Kawala Kawala also called Egyptian bamboo flute Mizmar Mizmar also called reed pipe, pipe, clarinet, flute, reed, oboe. Mijwiz also called Mijwis, Migwis and Migwiz.