Susan Aud (Quickstats)

Report
Postsecondary Education Sample Studies
and Data Tools
Susan Aud, Ph.D.
National Center for Education Statistics
Institute of Education Sciences
U.S. Department of Education
May 18, 2014
Postsecondary Sample Survey Data
Our Research Agenda
Generating a nationally representative descriptive portrait of
students enrolled in postsecondary education.
 Who are these students?
 Where are they enrolling?
 How are they paying for college?
Student, institutional, and federal financing
 What are they experiencing in the postsecondary
“environment?”
Postsecondary Sample Survey Data
Our Research Agenda
 What outcomes are they attaining?
Educational awards
Labor market outcomes
Further education and training
Postsecondary Sample Survey Data
How We Achieve Our Goals
Cross-Sectional
 The National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS)
Longitudinal
 The Beginning Postsecondary Students Study (BPS)
 The Baccalaureate and Beyond Study (B&B)
 The Postsecondary Education Transcript Study (PETS)
Postsecondary Sample Survey Data
A Chronology of the Surveys
NPSAS:87
NPSAS:90
BPS:90/92
BPS:90/94
NPSAS:93
B&B:93/94
B&B:93/97
NPSAS:96
BPS:96/98
BPS:96/01
NPSAS:00
B&B:00/01
NPSAS:04
BPS:04/06
BPS:04/09
PETS:09
NPSAS:08
B&B:08/09
B&B:08/12
PETS:09
NPSAS:12
BPS:12/14
BPS:12/17
BPS:12/19
B&B:93/03
Limited PETS
PETS
Overview
National
Postsecondary
Student Aid
Study
Baccalaureate
and Beyond
Longitudinal
Study
Beginning
Postsecondary
Students
Longitudinal
Study
Study of Student
Financial Aid and
Demographics
Study of
Study of
Workforce
Persistence and
Outcomes, Family Attainment
Formation, and
Graduate School
Overview
National
Postsecondary
Student Aid
Study
Baccalaureate
and Beyond
Longitudinal
Study
Beginning
Postsecondary
Students
Longitudinal
Study
Study of Student
Financial Aid and
Demographics
Study of
Study of
Workforce
Persistence and
Outcomes, Family Attainment
Formation, and
Graduate School
NPSAS Overview
Purpose of the Study
• Legislatively mandated data collection to make sense of the
federal government’s $180B per year investment in financing
students’ postsecondary educations
• Heavily used by policymakers, analysts, and researchers to
understand programs like the Pell Grant and the Stafford
Loan
NPSAS Overview
Purpose of the Study
Purpose: To examine how students and their families
pay for college.
Secondarily: To examine the characteristics of students
enrolled in all levels of postsecondary education.
NPSAS Overview
Sample
Target Population
Undergraduate and graduate students enrolled in Title IV
participating institutions by institution sector.
 Students enrolled in all types of institutions.
 Students with and without financial aid.
 Students in all attendance statuses (e.g., full- and part-time)
NPSAS Overview
Sample
• Samples sizes for recent studies include approximately 120k
students (100k undergraduates / 20k graduates)
• In NPSAS:12, the sample represents 25 million
undergraduate and 4 million graduate students
NPSAS Overview
Key Data Elements
•
•
•
•
•
•
Student demographic characteristics
Pre-college characteristics
Institutional characteristics
Enrollment histories
Detailed information on college financing
Collegiate experiences
Overview
National
Postsecondary
Student Aid
Study
Baccalaureate
and Beyond
Longitudinal
Study
Beginning
Postsecondary
Students
Longitudinal
Study
Study of Student
Financial Aid and
Demographics
Study of
Study of
Workforce
Persistence and
Outcomes, Family Attainment
Formation, and
Graduate School
B&B:08/12 Overview
Purpose of the Study
Purpose: First and foremost, to better understand the
early labor market and graduate school experiences of
students graduating with a baccalaureate degree
Secondarily: To better understand the early career
experiences of teachers
B&B:08/12 Overview
Sampling Strategy
Subsample NPSAS:08 respondents who are identified
as graduating seniors.
 Some practical overlap with NCES’s elementary/secondary
longitudinal studies, but different population and longer follow-up.
 Some practical overlap with NSF’s Recent College Graduates
survey, but longitudinal and includes non-STEM graduates.
 About 15,000 respondents
B&B:08/12 Overview
Key Data Elements
Base Year
NPSAS:08
Anticipated
employment
Family
Formation
College
financing
(all sources)
Postsecondary Education
Transcript Study
Student
Demographic
Characteristics
First Follow-up
B&B:08/09
Second Followup
B&B:08/12
Third Follow-up
B&B:08/18
Degrees or
certificates earned / Graduate
Graduate
enrollment
enrollment
Graduate
enrollment
Employment
history,
compensation &
working conditions
Employment
history,
compensation &
working conditions
Employment
history,
compensation &
working conditions
Family Formation
Family Formation
Family Formation
College financing &
Cumulative Debt
College financing
& Cumulative Debt
College financing
& Cumulative Debt
B&B:08/12 Overview
Key Data Elements
•
•
•
•
An explicit focus on teachers
Comparison of STEM graduates to other graduates
Choices to take further education
Academic transcripts
B&B:08/12 Overview
Data Sources
Multiple time points of data from:
• Student Interview
• Institutional Administrative Records
• ED Financial Aid Systems
– FAFSA Central Processing System
– Pell Grant Recipient File
– National Student Loan Data System
Overview
National
Postsecondary
Student Aid
Study
Baccalaureate
and Beyond
Longitudinal
Study
Beginning
Postsecondary
Students
Longitudinal
Study
Study of Student
Financial Aid and
Demographics
Study of
Study of
Workforce
Persistence and
Outcomes, Family Attainment
Formation, and
Graduate School
BPS:04/09 Overview
Purpose of the Study
• To generate two key indicators of student
progress:
 The proportion of students who complete a course of
study at their first institution within 150% of normal time to
degree (NTD); and
 The proportion of students who complete anywhere within
150% NTD.
• To unpack the persistence phenomenon.
BPS:04/09 Overview
Sampling Strategy
• Subsample NPSAS:04 respondents who are
identified as “first-time beginning” students.
 Cohort of first beginners, not based on age or transition
from high school .
 Representative of postsecondary students, so higher
proportion of “non-traditional” students
 About 16,500 respondents
BPS:04/09 Overview
Key Data Elements
First Follow-up
BPS:04/06
Second Follow-up
BPS:04/09
Student
Demographic
Characteristics
Degrees or
certificates earned
Degrees or
certificates earned
Pre-college
characteristics
Social and academic
integration
Early workforce
outcomes (if
applicable)
Enrollment histories
Enrollment histories
Enrollment histories
College financing
(all sources)
College financing
(federal only)
College financing
(federal only)
Postsecondary Education
Transcript Study
Base Year
NPSAS:04
BPS:04/09 Overview
Key Data Elements
•
•
•
•
Institutional characteristics
Detailed information on college financing
Collegiate experiences
As of BPS:04/06/09, academic transcripts
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NPSAS:12 Overview
Sample Research Question, Guided Example
What is the rate of students’
application for federal financial
aid by institution sector?
QuickRetreive:
http://nces.ed.gov/datalab/index.aspx?ps_x=chcbe60 (any aid)
http://nces.ed.gov/datalab/index.aspx?ps_x=chcbe8f (federal aid)
BPS Overview
Sample Research Question, Guided Example
What is the average amount of
institution aid given to first-time
beginning students by institution
sector?
QuickRetreive:
http://nces.ed.gov/datalab/index.aspx?ps_x=chcbe51
Contact Information
Susan Aud, Ph.D.
Statistician
Email:
Telephone:
[email protected]
(202) 219-7013
PowerStats Helpdesk
Email:
Telephone
[email protected]
(866) 677-6987

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