Report

Material Taken From: Mathematics for the international student Mathematical Studies SL Mal Coad, Glen Whiffen, John Owen, Robert Haese, Sandra Haese and Mark Bruce Haese and Haese Publications, 2004 Math Studies IB Syllabus Topic Status Hours 1 Introduction to the GDC 3 2 Number and algebra 14 3 Sets, logic and probability most of it 20 4 Functions half of it 24 5 Geometry and Trigonometry 20 6 Statistics 24 7 Introductory differential calculus 15 8 Financial mathematics 10 Opening Problem Section 13A - Foreign Exchange Vocabulary: • Currency – money • Exchange Rate – establishes a relationship between the value of currencies. These are constantly changing. • Conversion – exchanging/converting currencies. • Commission – amount/percentage made by exchanging agency. Example 1 A bank exchanges 1 British pound (GBP) for 1.9 Australian dollars (AUD). Convert: a) 40 GBP to AUD b) 500 AUD to GBP Example 2 The table alongside shows the transfer rates between US dollars (USD) and Swiss francs (CHF), and British pounds (GBP). • Write down the exchange rate from: a) CHF to USD b) USD to CHF • Convert: c) 3000 USD to GBP d) 10 000 francs to pounds Commission • Banks and other currency traders earn a commission for exchanging currency. • commission rate between 0.5% to 3% • a ‘flat fee’ • no commission, but worse exchange rates You live in the U.S. this table shows the value of the USD in other currencies: Example 3 Use the currency conversion table to perform the following: a) Convert 4000 USD into Euros. b) How much does it cost in US dollars to buy 5000 yen? c) How many US dollars can you buy for 2000 Swedish kronor? Example 4 A bank changes US dollars to other currency at a fixed commission of 1.5%. Max wishes to convert $200 US to baht where $1 US buys 40.23 Thai baht. a) What commission is charged? b) What does the customer receive? Example 5 A currency exchange service exchanges 1 euro for Japanese yen with the buy rate 135.69, and sell rate 132.08. Cedric wishes to exchange 800 Euros for yen. The service buys yen at 135.69 The service sells yen at 132.08 a) How many yen will he receive? b) If the yen in a were exchanged immediately back to Euros, how many Euros would they be worth? c) What is the resultant commission on the double transaction? Section 13B – Simple Interest BrainPop.com Interest Vocabulary: • Borrower • Lender • Principal/Capital – amount borrowed. • Interest -Simple Interest -Compound Interest Simple Interest Crn I 100 C = capital r = simple interest rate / per year / decimal n = number of time periods (in years) I = interest Example 6 Calculate the simple interest on a loan of $8000 at a rate of 7% p.a. over 18 months. Example 7 How much money has been borrowed if the flat rate of interest is 8% p.a. and the simple interest owed after 4 years is $1600? Example 8 What flat rate of interest does a bank need to charge so that €5000 will earn €900 simple interest in 18 months? Example 9 How long will it take $2000 invested at a flat rate of 12.5% p.a. to amount to $3000? Calculating Repayment • Repayments are often made in regular payments over the length of the loan. • These may be weekly, fortnightly, monthly or another period of time. Calculating Repayment 1. Calculate the interest 2. Calculate the total amount to be repaid (capital + interest) 3. Calculate the total number of payments 4. Determine the amount of a regular payment total to be repaid regular payment = number of repayments Example 10 Calculate the monthly repayments on a loan of $23 000 at 8% p.a. flat rate over 6 years. Homework • 13A.1, pg 422 – #1, 3, 5 • 13A.2, pg 424 – #1, 3, 5 • 13A.3, pg 425 – #1, 3 • 13B.1 ,pg 427 – #1, 3, 5, 7, 9 • 13B.2, pg 430 – #1, 3